THE IMPACT OF MORTGAGE BANKING IN NIGERIANS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMES.
This is a research on Mortgage Banking in Nigerian Economic Development Programmes.
The research sorted to know for the existence of mortgage banking has been fact by the people and to the extent their objectives has been achieved.
In carrying out this research the researches made us of oral interested and questionnaire and the finding infere that mortgage bank it towards the economic development has been felt through many areas of their promotional activities such as loan advancement home and house renovators and refurbishment etc.
Therefore, it was this base that mortgage banking has been appreciated by the greatly achieved.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
FEDERAL MORTGAGE BANK OF NIGERIA (FMB)
Housing is one of the Importance factors that determine Urban forms and constitutes the single most serious problem facing large cities in Nigeria today.
In the 1950s and 1960s, the need to finance housing in Nigeria remained so small mainly because of low urbanization level. The byoyancy of the Nigeria economy in the 1970s and the uneven spatial distribution of industrial development accelerated the rate of urbanization in Nigeria. The heretherto uncontrolled and unplanned urbanization resulted in housing shortages in qualitative and quantitative forms. There existed today a yawning gap between the demand and supply of decent accommodation. The consequence of excess demand over supply, was high rent, and the growth of informal rationing system which discriminated against the poor to the extent that over half of the urban population in Nigeria live in slump against this background and considering the fact that housing provides the physical frame work in which man’s human, social, economic and cultural resources are realized, entrenched and integrated, it becomes obvious that adequate housing deserved great attention.
In realization of the importance attached to housing the federal government of Nigeria established the Federal Mortgage Bank of Nigeria in the year 1977 as a successor to Nigeria Building society established in the year 1956.
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
Mortgage Banking was established by the Federal Government of Nigeria to assist in financing housing prograts as a means of checking the magnetude housing problems facing the Urban cities. But this aspiration has not been fully realized due to pressing problems facing the mortgage banking.
In Nigeria, in the disbursement of loan to individual developes, some of those problems includes;
a. Now repayment of housing loans given out to individual, this situation of non repayment makes it highly difficult for the mortgage banks to still extend such housing loans to other customers who has a need the loan, for housing development.
b. The ability of the individuals to declare his or her actual income is another major problem facing the bank. This situation makes imperstively difficult for mortgage bank to disburse enough loan, enough to complete the individual’s housing project. In a situation of such kind, the mortage bank will require the customer to bring the house to a point before applying to the bank to come in with a loan that will be enough to complete the building project.
c. The inability of the individual to obtain title documents like this certificate of occupancy (CFO) for urban areas create a problem to the mortgage bank in disbursing loans.
The Nigeria building society was the first mortage institution to be established in 1956 to finance house building not necessarily home ownership it was financed by substantial equity by the colonial later common wealth development corporation (CDC) and the federal and regional government in the regions, housing corporation were established, partly to build and save or let estates.
Housing and impact mortgage finance represents the third area where special intervention is made necessary by the sheer magnitude of the problems.