MANAGEMENT PROBLEMS OF MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES IN NIGERIA
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Since the attainment of independence by west Africa countries, successive governments have taken serious interest in industrialization. Industrialization can be defined on the conversion of an agrarian and commercial society to a more comprehensive machinery oriented. Social – economic system. This concept cannot be treated, without remembering the industrial revolution of the Western Europe of the 15th and 16th century. The new Encyclopedia 4th edition (1975) described the industrial revolution as a term usually applied to the socio-economic changes that marked transition from a stable agricultural and commercial society to a name machinery oriented system.
Agriculture which has been the major occupation of more than 80% working population of Nigeria, began to suffer a diminishing role, claiming a lots of population in manpower. Another related lesion form the history of planned industrialization of the socialist countries especially soviet Union whose economy was transformed from a very short period predominating of agricultures, change rapidly to an industrialized society.
A further element in the appeal for industrialization is based on the fact that the economic quart for increase in a wide scope of industrialization both import-substitution and export substitution. The unequal distribution of gains from trade between developed and developing countries is a related justification for the policy of industrialization.
All there explains the reason why government should encourage industrialization, which is generally regarded as the way to rapid economic development, higher living – standards for people. All manufacturing industries are encourage to promote the rapid. Growth of resources and effective utilization of existing resources available. Such countries like Japan, U.S.A are all industrialized. Countries but depend on West African Countries for it” Agricultural products which is most needed.
Arising form the fact above, after the second world war, the colonial government began to introduce a number of legislation, which was aimed at stimulating the establishment of modern industries. They began to tashon out industrialization which seems to be the key to economic independence and the vital tool to eliminate poverty and unemployment. Other incentives of industrialization include capital depreciation import duties, custom duties, draw back regulation and the establishment of industrial estates in the countries.
ØGovernment also gave guarantee for the repatriation of products and dividends. In addition a number of development board were set up to finance development with the approach to expanding the market strategy for market dominance which was under – increasing threat from new firms coming into the country. It could be seen from the history given above, that industrialization is a key to economic independence. The pressing need for industrialization in West Africa is also brought out by relatively small – use many things which could be much and quickly close through mechanical process.
In summary, at could be vividly seen that the manufacturing industries in Nigeria and West African resources and so on. This study intends to examine problems and proffer solutions and recommendations.
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
(1) Poor infrastructural development
(2) High cost of obtaining invisible funds
(3) High cost of acquiring industrial machine and equipment
(4) Inadequate government support for industrialization drive of small and medium entrepreneurs.
(5) Incessant demand of Nigerians for imported products
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
all research study is aimed at achieving certain objectives. The objectives of this study include the following.
1) To examine the state of infrastructural development in the country with reference to Nigerian Breweries Plc.
2) To examine the alternative sources of funds and associating costs of manufacturing industries with a focus on Nigerian Breweries plc.
3) To examine the causes of increasing demand for imported goods by Nigerians.
4) To recommend how the problems facilitating against Nigeria’s guest for industrialization can be mitigated.
1.4 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This study is designed to cover as much as possible, all aspects of poor performance of the manufacturing industrial with emphasis on the problems and solutions to its poor performance and also the effect of the production aspects of the industries.
1.5 RESEARCH QUESTION
To guide this project work, the following – research questions were formulated to ensure clarify.
(1) What are the required infrastructure necessary for industrial growth and development in Nigeria?
(2) What is the state of these infrastructures in Nigeria?
(3) What are the alternative sources of funds valuable to finance industrial – projects?
(4) What is the cost of the investible funds?
(5) What are the needed industrial machinery and equipment?
(6) What is the cost of acquiring these machinery and equipment?
(7) What is the level of support by the government
(8) Why the increasing penchant for imported good by Nigerians?
1.6 FORMULATION OF HYPOTHESIS
In order to determine the management problem, of manufacturing industries in Nigeria it is necessary to test the following hypothesis
(1) Ho: Poor infrastructural development does not impact on industrial development of Nigeria.
Hi: Poor infrastructural development impact positively on industrial development in Nigeria.
(2) Ho: High cost of capital does not make investible funds accessible.
(3) Hi: High cost of capital males investable funds accessible
Hi: Government does not give adequate support for small and medium scale enterprises (SMEis)
1.7 SIGNIFICANT OF THE STUDY
(1) It is hope that when two study is completed, it will assist stake holders in the manufacturing industries in the management of their business.
(2) It is also hoped that this study will provide a base for other researcher who – provide a base for other researcher who – might want to conduct further researcher on the area of management problems, of manufacturing industries.
(3) It is hoped that the recommendations of this study would be of empirical – relevance to management, so as to adopt them to suit their objectives.