THE EFFECT OF INVENTORY MANAGEMENT IN THE VIABILITY OF A COMPANY
A CASE STUDY OF STEEL AND NAILS
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TITLE PAGE II
TABLE OF CONTENTS VI
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS/TABLES
1.1 INTRODUCTION 1
1.2 THE STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM 1
1.3 THE NEED FOR THE STUDY 3
1.4 THE PURPOSE OF THE STUDY 5
1.5 RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS 5
1.6 THE SCOPE OF THE STUDY 6
1.7 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 6
1.8 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY 7
1.9 ORGANIZATION OF THE STUDY 8
1.10 OPERATIONAL DEFINITION OF TERMS 9
2.0 INVENTORY CONTROL AND INVENTORY VALUATION12
2.1 NATURE OF INVENTORY 12
2.2 INVENTORY CONTROL 16
2.3 ACQUISITION AND ISSUE OF MATERIALS 40
2.4 BASIC INVENTORY CONTROL SYSTEMS 43
2.5 FACTORS THAT AFFECT INVENTORY CONTROL
2.6 INVENTORY CONTROL METHODS 49
2.7 INVENTORY VALUATION SYSTEMS
2.8 INVENTORY VALUATION METHODS 53
2.9 FACTORS AFFECTING INVENTORY VALUATION DECISIONS 57
2.10 THE CONCEPT OF VIABILITY 60
3.1 SELECTION OF DATA 62
3.2 COLLECTION OF DATA 64
3.3 TOOLS OF DATA ANALYSIS 66
3.4 RELIABILITY OF DATA 67
CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION ANALYSIS
4.1 DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS 68
4.2 HYPOTHESIS TESTING 86
SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
5.1 SUMMARY 100
5.2 CONCLUSION 101
5.3 RECOMMENDATION 102
The viability of an organization ca be enhanced through an effective and efficient management of material resources. Inventory control is a notable measure in managing material resources. Management of resources covers every action taken from the procurement of the resources to their disposal. Firms take certain measures towards preventing their stocks from being in shortage, pilferage and waste some of the measures are very effective while other are not.
In consideration of the scarcity raw materials, their exorbitant costs of procurement and management in the present prevailing economic condition, if is imperative for firms to do away with the rule of thumb’ approach of inventory control and adopt the scientific approach. It is on the basis of this that the need for this study lies.
1.2 THE STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The goal cot every business entity is to maximize wealth. Wealth maximization is achieved when the interest of the shareholders are met. The interest of the shareholders can be met only when the business entity makes profit. Profit is said to have been made when the total revenue exceeds the total cost and expenses incurred. Effect five inventory controls are important factors in keeping the total cost of maintaining inventories at a minimum and help to increase return on the investment.
Many organizations do not adequately control their inventory making it possible for losses [through shortage of stock pilferage, waste of materials etc.) to pas unnoticed. The stores department is often neglected equivalent amount of (illiquid) cash.
Unplanned flaw of materials is determined to efficient operation. Production stoppages resulting from stock out have innumerable negative effects (costs). They lead to loss of man-hour, disappointment of customers and possible loss of goodwill.
Few manufacturing firms use scientific approach of inventory control. Many fall back on the rule of thumb. This is reasonably inaccurate. It leads in to over-stocking or under stocking over stocking entails incurring high storage spaccs and stock loss
On the other hand, under-stocking may result to panic buying and diction delay and loss of sales revenue which gives rises to be of profit and goodwill or even penalty payment where there is a conduct to maintain regular supplies.
Stock losses could occur when inventories are not properly accounted for. This may be due to type of inventory system used, the method of valuation of unused of unsold inventories at the end of valuation period and the managerial efficiency in adopting an acceptable inventory. Control when most required.
This study will look in to the nature and external of solving their problem.
1.3 THE NEED FOR THE STUDY,
Many companies are making looses while others are winding up. These gives rises to the people through that, there is inability to manage resources effectively in Nigeria. This is because these things are happening in the midst of abundant resources Ringin viewing as above stated that prudent management for our financial, materials and human