The Effect Of Banking Regulation And Reserve On The Performance Of Commercial Bank (a Case Study Of Union Bank)

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It was in the year 1892 that banking activities first started in Nigeria with the opening of a branch of the African Banking corporation in Lagos.


It is in the light of these that this work has attempted to showcases the effects of banking regulations and reserves on the performance of commercial banks.  The objective was to access the effects of banking regulation and reserves on the performance of commercial banks in Enugu Urban.


Help the aeration of commercial banking that can facilitate, mobilize and channel savings for economic growth.

Use the monetary policy to regulate the operation of commercial banking.


Control and management of distress and failing banks opinions were sampled through questionnaire, structure interview and primary and secondary data obtained respectively.  The data gathered were analyses and hypothesis tested.  Findings were made which include that.

Regulation and reserves requirements have positive impact on the Nigeria economy.

The commercial banks are responding favorably to the banking regulation and reserve.

Recommendation were made which include that; it is necessary to secure appropriate treatment of banking regulations reserves to enable it to be publicized and also to collaborate with other regulations of the financial system.














Cover page

Title page

Approval page




Table of content



1.0     Introduction

1.1     Statement of problem

1.2     Purpose of the study

1.3     Significance of the study

1.4     Statement of hypothesis

1.5     Scope of the study

1.6     Limitations of the study

1.7            Definition of terms



2.0     Review of relation literature

2.1     West African Currency Board (WACB)

2.2     Concept of central banking

2.3     The central bank of Nigeria

2.4     The free banking Era

2.5     The banking ordinance of 1952

2.6     Central bank of Nigeria’s objectives

2.7     Operations of the central bank of Nigeria

2.8     Traditional functions (Banking functions)

2.9     Method of regulation

2.10   Traditional instruments of monetary policy

2.11   Direct control of bank liquidity

2.12   Direct control of bank advances

2.13   Effect of regulation on commercial banks



3.0     Research methodology and design

3.1     Source of data

3.2     Primary source        

3.3     Secondary source

3.4     Sample and sampling techniques

3.5     Method of investigation: method of data presentation

3.6     Method of data analysis



4.0     Data presentation and analysis

4.1     Data presentation

4.2     Analysis of data

4.3     Test of hypothesis



5.0     Findings, conclusion and recommendation

5.1     Summary of findings

5.2     Conclusion

5.3     Recommendation

5.4     Bibliography


Designed interview Questionnaire












During 1892, to 1952 of the free-Banking Era, there are no laws, rules or regulation guiding the operational activities of the commercial banks.  That single era produced many banks, which did not meet up the specifications and dictates of modern banking.  And from 1957 to 2005, remainable changes have been provoked and witnessed in the Nigeria financial environment.  It is in 1952 that the first Banking ordinance was introduces, vesting the control of banking in the financial secreting the colonialist.  Consequently the Central Bank of Nigeria was established on March 17th 1958 by the central bank ordinance of that year.

The Central Bank of Nigeria in its endeavors to create enabling banking environment seeks outlet upon indirect control mechanism such as reserve requirement stabilization of securities, open market operations (0m0), and interest rate policy, periodic moral suasion and other prudent ratios, such as capital fund adequacy and legal landing limit to improvise. 


The recent development in the Nigeria Commercial Banking system has added force to the CBN efforts to enhance the quality of banking operations.  The “merge and Acquisition” system of 2004 propose by the CBN advances and samples the general problems inherent and also takes a giant student towards solving or reducing the anomaly to manageable proportion.


The mechanism traced the program (SAP) of 1986.  It is also worthy of note that the commercial banking sector has expensed a tremendous growth pattern, since the advent of SAP, in 1986 both in terms of the number of new entrants into the industry and the volume of business transactions.  The total of commercial banks and their branches offices increased from 29 to 1,367 as at December 31st, 1986.  It is said to note that the geometric growth trend is lingering menace to the banking industry.


1.1     STATEMENT OF PROBLEM              

Banking laws and regulations are meant to guide the operations of banks in Nigeria.  In spite of the operation of their laws banks especially commercial banks are not finding their laws feet in the economy as evidenced by recent banks failures.  


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The Effect Of Banking Regulation And Reserve On The Performance Of Commercial Bank