This research is on the problems encountered by external auditor in auditing Nigeria companies with particular reference to akintola Williams and company chattered accountant Enugu, the main aim of this research work is to ascertain the nature of the problem the external auditors encounters in auditing Nigerian companies and also to identify the causes of these problems. The sources from which the from which the necessary data were collected for the purpose of this research work are from primary and secondary source of data collection. The primary data were gotten through the use of questionnaire and oral interview. The secondary data were gotten through news papers, magazines Government Journals and also text books. Then data collected were analyzed using simple percentage analysis. Hypothesis were formulated and tested using chi-squire (X2) method. From the data collected and analysed some of the major findings of this research work includes auditors in Nigeria, even the more successful once find it very difficult to audit Nigerian companies as a result of business activities, illiteracy moral laxity, lack of adequate technical skill and training. Based on the findings of this research work, it is recommended that the Government, the auditors the users of auditors service, the public at large have the important roles to play to reduce this problems to its minimum rate.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Table of content
1.1 Background of study
1.2 Statement of problems
1.3 Purpose of study
1.4 Research questions
1.5 Research hypothesis
1.6 Significant of the study
1.7 Scope and limitation of the study
1.8 Definition of terms
2.0 REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
2.1 Definition of auditing
2.2 History of auditing
2.3 Objectives of auditing
2.4 Types of auditing
2.5 Qualification of auditors
2.5.1 Institute of chartered accountants of Nigeria (ICAN)
2.5.2 Association of national accountants of Nigeria (ANAN)
2.6 Appointment of auditors
2.7 Removal of auditors and redress available to them
2.8 The problems of external auditors in Nigerian companies
RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY
3.1 Sources of data
3.2 Location of data
3.3 Population size and sample selection
3.4 Method of data presentation
DATA PRESENTATION & ANALYSIS
4.1 Presentation and analysis response questionnaires
4.2 Oral interview
4.3 Testing of hypothesis
FINDINGS, RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION
5.1 Summary of findings
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Many groups are interested to be assured of their interests being protected in the business organizations. The owners of the business (shareholders) having been concern to be guaranteed the management is performing its duties effectively and efficiently. Their ultimate aim is to receive as much returns as possible from the capital they invested in the business.
On its own part, the government is interested in knowing whether the profit & loss shown in the financial statement is correctly done for the purpose of tax assessment.
The companies advisers (the legal, financial analysts) also make use of the auditors report to advice the management. The legal adviser interprets the legal implications of some information disclosed in the financial statement. Also, the financial analyst uses the result shown by the auditors to advise the clients on the best source of fund to embark on, where to invest and how much to invest in each alternative. The competitors may also be attracted to merge with the auditors clients through the report issued by him.
However, the auditors can always be seen as the watchdog of the entire economy by representing the interest of all these groups. Their peculiar position therefore calls for a conducive atmosphere, but, it is unfortunate that most external auditors face serious problems in performance of their duties. In any case, this research work tends to investigate into the nature and causes of these problems and also solutions to them.
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS
There are many problems facing external auditors in Nigeria. Auditors in Nigeria, even the most successful ones find it very difficult to audit Nigerian companies as a result of business activities, illiteracy, moral laxity lack of adequate technical skill and training. This work studies these problems, their causes, effect and remedies.
1.3 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
1. To ascertain the nature of the problems the external auditors encounter in auditing Nigerian companies.
2. To identify the causes of these problems
3. To ascertain the effects of these problems on the work of auditors.
4. To recommend measures that could enable external auditors to overcome the problems identified.
5. To recommend measures to be adopted by Nigeria to enhance the auditing of their business organizations.
1.4 RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS
There are different opinions about the problems of external auditors in auditing Nigerian companies. Some experts are of the view that they do not have any problems in auditing Nigerian companies while others contend that they do have. As a result of these opposing ideas, two types of hypothesis were employed to facilitate this research work. They are started as follows:
i. Null hypothesis (H0) external auditors do not have problems in auditing Nigerian companies
ii. Alternative hypothesis (Hi) external auditors have problems in auditing Nigerian companies
1.5 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
In carrying out this work, the following questions were in the mind of the researcher.
2. What is the nature of the problems of external auditors in auditing Nigerian companies?
3. What are the causes of these problems?
4. What are the effects of such problems in the work of external auditors?
5. What are the possible measures to be taken to overcome these problems?
1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
It is a true saying that people can suffer for lack of knowledge. If auditors are not aware of the problems they will encounter in the performance of their duties they will invariably not be able to guard against them. This work saves as an eye opener to draw their attention to these problems and the ways to tackle them.
Again, it enables the government to know how it can play its role in crating better auditing atmosphere in the Nigerian companies.
Furthermore, it is expected that this should study the contributions of directors of the Nigeria business enterprise towards a better auditing environment in their companies.
This study will also form a good reference material for any other student who wants to write on a related topic in future.
1.7 SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The study does not exceed the problems encountered by external auditors in auditing Nigerian companies and their effect on the work of auditors.
The auditors considered here are those in all the different forms of business organizations in Nigeria. There were, however, a lot of constraints facing the researcher who is doing her study. They include:-
a. Time factor:- The period of time available for carrying out this research was very short. Moreover, the short period is filled with other academic programmes.
b. Shortage of finance:- Some research procedures, techniques, methods and processes will not be applied in this work because of the cost involved. There is no sufficient funds to meet up with them.
c. Scanty of local data:- Most of the texts that deal with the problem under review are foreign texts and are not current. There are only few local material available. This makes the collection of data not to be easy.
d. Non-response problem:-Inspite of all explanations as to the purpose of this study, some people can still refuse to answer the research questions that will be passed across them. This will make some questionnaires to be returned blank.