THE IMPACT OF FISCAL AND MONETARY POLICY IN CONTROLLING UNEMPLOYMENT IN NIGERIA.
This study is motivated by the fact that federal expenditure and money supply as a tool on the rate of unemployment. But to which extent, these instrument have contributed either to worsen the problem of unemployment or alleviate it.
To investigate this problem, two hypotheses were formulated as follows.
Ho: There is no relationship between money supply and unemployment.
Hi: There is no relationship between federal expenditure and unemployment.
In testing the hypothesis, secondary data was used and analyzed using regression and correlation analysis as well as student t-test. The following are summary of the major findings from the analysis carried out in the study.
Federal expenditure and money supply contributed little to the reduction on the rate unemployment between (1980-2000).
The package of National directorate of employment programme conmcerning encouragement and generation of employment opportunities for most especially school teachers from secondary school and graduate from higher institution seems to be less vigorous since 1992 till date.
The inability of government of both federal and state levels to lift embargo on public sector employment from (1994 to August 1999) could be partly responsible for the high level of graduate unemployment in the Urban areas.
On the strength of the findings, the following recommendations were made.
The use of these tools (federal expenditure and money supply) need to be reviewed to enhance their potential for addressing the rate of unemployment.
Alternative tools may be used to complement federal expenditure and money supply towards the alleviation on the rate of unemployment.
The tool thrust should be the establishment of most micro-credit scheme to assist enterprising unemployed people to set on micro business across the country.
There is need to build up human capital, this mean improving the knowledge, shall, capacities and the mental and physical conditions of the masses.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TABLE OF CONTENT
1.1 Background of the study
1.2 Statement of the problem
1.3 Objective of the study
1.4 Scope of the study
1.5 Research hypothesis.
1.6 Significance of the study
1.7 Limitation of study
1.8 Definitions of basic concepts.
2.0 Review of Literature
2.1 Theoretical Literature
2.2 Empirical Literature
3.0 Research deign and methodology
3.1 Model specification
3.2 Area of study/coverage
3.3 Source of data / analytical techniques
3.4 Decision rule
4.0 Presentation and analysis of data
4.1 Presentation data
4.2 Presentation of table
4.3 Interpretation of table
4.4 Test of hypothesis
5.0 Summary of findings
5.3 Suggestion for further research
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Unemployment is an issue that has generated debates from every nook and cranny of the world. Its impact was more, felt during the industrial revolution when the dimension of man power absorption changed towards the consideration of skill as a fundamental pre-requisite. However, over the years, government around the world have been concerned with how the unemployment question could be answered – similarly, the Nigeria economy was characterized by severe unemployment, especially after the civil war which necessitated policy measures aimed at reducing it’s.
Different government since 1970 till date have tried different strategies in order to reduce unemployment, but the result still remain persistent unemployment resulting in a number of social and economic problems like crime, destitution, prostitution, corruption etc associated with it.
Index, unemployment in Nigeria has assumed a frightened proportion. It is even more frightened considering the fact that high rate of unemployment create poverty, misery and threatens social cohesions reduction in the rate of unemployment has thus become a major policy thrust of the government with the assistance of some international agencies such as the international labour organization.
Moreover, since early 1970’s the revenue base of the country has depended largely on the oil sector which has provided over 80% of total government revenue. The growth of resource in the sector private opportunity to initiate huge programme which substantially.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Scrutinizing the time series data on unemployment in Nigeria b/w 1960 and to mind 1980. Nigeria was at a period of economic boom, which means unemployment was something nobody could have dreamt about, but today unemployment has become so severe that nobody likes to embrace it.
However, unemployment in Nigeria is primarily youth unemployment, especially secondary school leaver for instance in 1986, they constituted 65-3 percent of all the employed in Nigeria. The figure for 1987 for this group was 70-7 percent when figures are desegregated by location figures for Urban unemployment were higher for all the years under survey with the exception of 1986. The national figures for unemployment was 6.1 percent in 1986. It tell slightly to 5-3 percent in 1986 for all the year data indicate that unemployment was higher in the urban than within the rural area.
Today, there is a nation wide high rate of unemployment particularly among the youth that are leader of tomorrow unemployment appear to be inherent in the nation economic system, first, because intentionally or unintentionally the policy maker do not resort to measure capable of reducing unemployment to an acceptable level.
Furthermore, tax collected from companies an private individual are misappropriated. The expenditure on capital project are divested to private purses whilst expenditure on personnel emolument are delayed by government officials.
This study is therefore concerned with finding out the effect federal government expenditure and money supply on rate of unemployment. Also, intend to investigate clearly the extent to which these policies have contributed to worsen the problem of unemployment or alleviate it completely.