The main purpose of this research study was to appraise the roles of effective leadership in the achievement of organization objectives, especially in the institute of management and technology, IMT Enugu, in Enugu state. This research work was conducted in Enugu State. The area of study constitutes the institute of management and technology personnel and union leader. To elicit reliable and accurate information, based on the above topic, a total number of two hundred and nine for the personnel and union leaders were used by the research to obtain reliable information based on the study. The outcomes of the study revealed that the role of effective leadership have great impact in the achievement of organization objectives, that the institute of Management and Technology, have efficient and effective machinery to implement her planned programme for effective leadership roles and that the union leaders and personnel are satisfied with the roles of organization objectives. The conclusions reached were that every organization should consider some internal and external factors before choosing the kind of leadership style and the effective leadership should be empowered and encouraged by the subordinates. Based on the findings and the conclusion, the following recommendation were made that organization should choose leaders that are goal and people oriented that a true democratic. Finally subordinates should encourage and support the efforts of effective leadership so as to achieve organization objectives.
Title page i
Approval page ii
Table of contents vi
1.1 Background of the study 1
1.2 Statement of the problems 4
1.3 objectives of the study 7
1.4 Research questions 8
1.5 Formulation of hypothesis 9
1.6 Significance of the study 10
1.7 Scope of the study 11
1.8 Limitations of the study 11
1.9 Definition of terms 12
Review of related literature 14
2.1 Overview 14
2.2 Definition of leadership 15
2.3 Types of leadership styles 17
2.4 Nature of leadership 17
2.5 Various approaches leadership 20
2.6 The trait approach to leadership 22
2.7 The situational approach to leadership 24
2.8 Fielder’s contingency approach to leadership 25
2.9 Leadership behaviour and styles 26
Research methodology 32
3.1 Introduction 32
3.2 Design of the research 32
3.3 Areas of the study 33
3.4 Population of the study 33
3.5 Sample size and sampling techniques. 34
3.6 Instrument for data connection 35
3.7 Validation of the research instrument 35
3.8 Reliability of the research instrument 36
3.9 Methods of administration of the
research instrument 36
Presentation and analysis of data 39
4.1 Data presentation 39
4.2 Test of hypothesis 51
4.3 Discussion of results 60
Conclusions and recommendation 61
5.1 Summary of findings 61
5.2 Conclusions 62
5.3 Recommendation 63
5.4 Contributions to knowledge and areas of
further studies 64
1.3 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
This talks about An Effective leadership and how it’s widely acknowledged as a potent instrument for achieving organizational goals and objectives especially in the institute of Management and technology (IMT) Enugu.
The word leadership is an important aspect of managing the ability to lead effectively. It is also one of the keys to beings an effective manager; the essence of leadership is fellowship.
Moreover, people tend to follow a person as a leader who they perceive as providing a means of achieving their own desires want and needs; that is why any organization that desires to achieve her objectives must have an effectives and efficiency leader who knows how to apply all the management principles in achieving her organization objectives.
A leader is one who is willing to work with zeal and confidence. Zeal here reflects other earnestness, experience and technical ability. To lead is to guide conduct direct and proceed.
A leaders acts to help a group achieve their objectives with maximum application of it capabilities.
They should not be leaders who to not stand behind a group or organization to push and to proud. They should place themselves before. The group as they facilitate progress and inspire the group to accomplished organizational goals.
This is the kind of leadership we desire to have in our institution especially in institution of management and technology (IMT) Enugu.
Furthermore, this should be noted that any organization without an effective and efficient leadership is like one driving a car without a head-lamp in the right, and this could be very dangerous and could also limit its chance of achieving their objectives.
For an institution like Institute of Management and Technology (IMT), to realize all her laudable organizational goals, should have an effective leadership who possess all the required leadership traits and qualities.
Leadership according to Katz and Kahn (2002) is generally defined simply as influence, the art or process of influencing people so that they will strive willingly to achieve a group goal. This concept can be enlarged to imply not only willingness to work but also willingness to work with zeal and confidence.
The Institution of Management and Technology have the following problems in the achievement her goals. They include, inefficient leadership, environmental factors, policy inconsistency, political instability, interference from the government, poor funding, poor management.
1.4 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS
The Institute of Management and Technology, (IMT) Enugu, has been one of the leading polytechnics in the country and in Enugu State, particularly in terms of enhancing qualitative education in both management and technology.
One of her objectives is the integration of the individual with the society and the preparation of the individual for effective function in the society.
This remark was made known by Management and the Rector of this institution. This institution has trained and educate so many prominent Nigerians and has helped in the enhancement of Science, management and technology in the country. Most parents organisations prefers to send their wards, Children and their staff to undergo some courses in management and technology. This is because of the satisfactory performances of others who have attended their higher institution here in IMT.
To this regard, there have been concerned effort by both the Federal and State Government and even the governing council of IMT in the enhancement of the roles of effective leadership in the achievement of her objectives. The vice president of Nigeria, Atiku Abubakar had announced a handsome reward or package a waiting the best institution of higher- learning who had distinguished herself in stepping or producing cultism meanness in our tertiary institutions, checking drug abuses among students, examination mal practices and above all in achieving her organisational goals and objectives.
But inspite of all the effort being made by government, most higher institutions are still experiencing various problems in the achievement of their goals, particularly in I M T, Enugu.
There is relatively low level of standard in our educational system, cultism, incessant strike actions, mismanagement of funds by these in the holism of affairs, there is relatively low level of productively as most personnel are not putting in their best poor planning and implementation and their subordinates as this will not bring fruitful result in the achievement of organizational goals especially in IMT Enugu.
To this extent, therefore to the objectives of this institution in this regard has not been comprehensively met. One can therefore safety assume that. When one passes through an institution like IMT will be well prepared for participating and leadership roles in the development of the Nigeria society.
These give rise to the following pertinent questions as regards to the above-mentioned problems what are the roles of the effective leadership in the achievement of organisational goal? What goals are they expected to pursue? What impact would their roles have in the employees utilization of capability?
What strategies were been adopted in enhancing the roles of effective leadership? What strategies are currently been used?
Is their any need for the roles of effective or efficient leadership, are the students satisfied with the roles of efficient leadership in the achievement of the institution’s goals and objectives. Do they have the efficient and effective machinery to implement her planned programmer ? What leadership styles and the best climate would enable them achieve her objectives, what factors or problems affecting the roles of efficient leadership in the achievement of organsitional goals, what other possible ways would be recommended in the realization of these goals and objectives.
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The study will address the following objectives.
i. To evaluate the roles of effective leadership in achieving organizational goals and objectives
ii. What roles does effective leadership play in the achievement of organization goals.
iii. What environment factors affect the roles of effective leadership in the achievement organizational goals.
iv. To find out the problems limiting the efficacy of the roles of effective organizational goals.
v. To recommend on how best to enhance the effective and efficient roles of effective leadership in the achievement of organisational goals.
i. What role does effective leadership impact in the employees utilization of capability.
ii. What environment factors affect the role of effective leadership in the achieving organization goals.
iii. To solve the research problems, the research or the investigator has asked the following questions.
1.5 FORMULATION OF HYPOTHESIS
The following hypothesis form the basis or the framework for carrying out this research study.
Ho: The roles of effective leadership has not been very
effective and efficient in the achievement of
H1: The roles of effective leadership have been very
effective and efficient in the achievement of
Ho: Institute of Management and Technology does not have efficient and effective machinery to implement her planned programmes for effective leadership roles.
H2: Institute of Management and Technology have efficient and effective machinery to implement her planned programmes for effective leadership roles.
1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This study is very timely, especially now that all hands are on deck to enhance the development and growth of education in our tertiary institutions nationwide. This study will be of immense benefit to other business enterprise on how to determine the best leadership style to adopt in achieving her enterprise goals and objectives.
In addition, the study will determine the factors or problems limiting the attainment of organization’s goals. It I excepted that her findings will help to bridge any gap that may exist and make our tertiary institutions and other sectors adopt the best leadership style aimed at achieving her organization laudable goals. It is very necessary in the achievement of organization’s goals, and to evaluate its effectiveness, especially now that we talk of granting our institutions autonomy in handling their own affairs. It seems that a lot of problems are being encountered that make the roles of effective leadership not productive and viable. This study will determine why most effective leadership do not achieve their organization’s goals.
1.7 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The scope of this study is very wide if it has to be carried out nation-wide. This study is sample narrowed to the institute of management and technology, IMT Enugu, and it based on the evaluation of the roles of effective leadership in the achievement of organization’s goals.
1.8 LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
The researcher were not constrained by many problems because he is a student of the institute of management and technology Enugu and every attention he needed were given to him. This is to enable him obtain all the necessary information form the establishment. This does not involve much finance, time or any other material resources to carry out the study, since he is a student of the institutions.
1.9 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Leadership - This is generally defined as – influence, the art or process of influence people so that they will strive willingly toward the achievement of group goal.
Effectiveness - This refers to the extent to which output is in line with organizational objectives.
Efficiency - This is defined as fitness or power to accomplish or in accomplishing the purposes intended it described the relationship between resources consumed in process of generating effective out put and the output so produced.
Katz D and Kahn R. L (2002) The Social psychology of organizations. 2nd Edition New York, John Wiley &