An Examination Of The Role Of Co-operative Thrift And Credit Societies In Agricultural Financing. (a Case Study Of Selected Co-operative Thrift And Credit Societies In Enugu State.)

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An Examination of the role of  Co-Operative thrift and Credit Societies in Agricultural Financing. (A case study of selected Co-Operative thrift and credit societies in Enugu State.)

ABSTRACT

In Nigeria, agriculture has remained the prime mover of the economy from pass government and individual attention have been focused to significantly  improve the adequacy of the this sector.

 

In this prefect, efforts have been made to examine the role of the co-operative thrift and credit societies in the financing of agriculture in the nation.  As a result of circumstances beyond the control of the researcher, selected co-operative societies in Enugu state has been chosen as a case study.  Therefore, to arrive at a meaningful and dependable conclusion, a  selection of co-operative societies in the state have been made and studied.  It is believed  that generalization would be made on the entire nation using the reseat arrived at in this research.  The project is divided into five chapters to enhance understanding and comprehension.  In chapter one an introduction of research was made.   Among other things in this chapter, the objective of the study and testable hypothesis were established.

 

Chapter two concentrated on the literature review, here materials relating to the project topic were thoroughly examined.  In chapter three which further on the design and methodology of the research the source and types of data

 

were established the technique for the presentation and analysis of the data were outlined.

 

In chapter four, the data so collected were presented on bar chart.  The hypothesis were tested and analysis using the chi-square testing technique relationship were necessary established using the spear man’s rank order correction co-efficient the perfect was finally concluded in chapter five.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                         TABLE OF CONTENTS

TITLE PAGE

APPROVAL PAGE

DEDICATION

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

ABSTRACT

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

           CHAPTER ONE

1.0     INTRODUCTION

1.1            BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

1.2            STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

1.3            OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

1.4            RESEARCH QUESTION

1.5            SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

1.6            SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY

1.7            DEFINITION OF TER

             

                 CHAPTER TWO

2.1            THE CONCEPT OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION IN    

                 NIGERIA.

2.2           CO-OPERATIVES IN NIGERIA CONCEPT ORIGIN AND

                STRUCTURE.

2.2A.      CONCEPT

2.2B.      ORIGIN OF CO-OPERATIVE MOVEMENT IN NIGERIA

2.2C.      ORIGIN OF CO-OPERATIVE MOVEMENT IN ENUGU STATE

2.3                     TYPES OF CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETIES IN ENUGU STATE

2.4                     PROBLEMS OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT IN ENUGU STATE.

2.5                     IMPORTANCE OF CREDIT TO FARMERS IN ENUGU STATE.

2.6                     PROBLEMS OF THE CO-OPERATIVES IN ENUGU STATE.

2.7                     RURAL BANKING SCHEME AND AGRICULTURAL FARMING.

2.8                     ANALYSIS OF CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETIES  PERFORMANCE IN GRANTING CREDITS TO MEMBERS FOR AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT.

2.9                     NIGERIAN AGRICULTURAL AND CO-OPERATIVE BANK LIMITED (NACB).

REFERENCE.

 

              CHAPTER THREE

3.0                  RESEARCH METHODOLOGY AND DESIGN

3.1       INTRODUCTION

3.2                SOURCES OF DATA

3.2.1        PRIMARY SOURCES OF DATA

3.2.2        SECONDARY SOURCES OF DATA

3.3                POPULATION SIZE

3.4                SAMPLE SIZE

3.5                QUESTIONNAIRE DESIGN

3.6                METHOD OF SAMPLE SELECTION

3.7                DATA PRESENTATION

3.8                METHOD OF DATA ANALYSIS

REFERENCE

 

                            

             CHAPTER FOUR

4.0                  DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS

4.1        INTRODUCTION

4.2                QUESTIONNAIRE  ADMINISTRATION

4.3                DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTIC OF RESPONDENTS

ANALYSIS OF RESPONSES FROM OFFICIALS OF CO-OPPERATIVE SOCIETIES.

4.4                TEST OF HYPOTHESIS.

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0       SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSION AND

            RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1              INTRODUCTION

5.2              SUMMARY OF FINDINGS

5.3              RECOMMENDATIONS

5.4              CONCLUSION

BIBLIOGRAPHY

          QUESTIONNAIRE.                               

 

CHAPTER ONE

 

1.0               INTRODUCTION

1.1       BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

 

In any economy, one or more sections serves the prime movers drilling the rest of the economy.  Agriculture until recently has been the prime mover of Nigeria’s economy.  The last fifteen years witnessed successive governments in Nigeria’s taking several steps to boost agricultural production in the country.

 

Most notable among these efforts were the “National Accelerated Food Production Programme” ( NAFPP) which was launched in 1973.  Operation feed the nation (OFN) of 1976 and the Green Revolution Programme (GRP) that was launched in 1980 (IJERE. M. O 1975).  Special projects were also embarked upon to enhance agriculture such as Agricultural Development Authorities, River Basin and Rural Development Authorities, to mention just a few.  Provision of fertilizer, improved seeding to farmers, mass enlightenment campaigns.   Introduction of technology packages were also some of the attempts made to raising agricultural production.

In spite of all these, agricultural production in Nigeria is far from the target.  Productivity has declined to the extent that the country had to resort to importing agricultural products including food items, some of which were luthen to known to have been exported.  This unsavory situation has led concerned authorities to examine closely the problems confronting higher agricultural productivity.  One of the major constraints identified is inadequate capital and credit facilities to the farmers.  Others are poor transportation, inadequate flow of funds into agriculture has been identified as a critical factor in decelerating  increased food production in Nigeria (Adeyeye; 1978).

 

Making funds available to farmers through agricultural credit facilities is importance because it enables them expand the scope of their operation and adopt new production techniques, also it enable them to develop orderly marketing of their product through the adaptation of new techniques for processing and storage as well as generating high bargaining power  associated with greater liquidity.

 

In order to ameliorate this funding problems being encountered by the financial institution in Nigeria to allocate yearly a certain percentage of the total lending to the agricultural sector, this is was hoped, would afford the farmers the capital and production credit needed to boast agriculture.  This attempt at sector allocation failed to achieve the intended objective as trading banks were reluctant to lend to agriculturist because of the high default risk resulting from the uncertainty and risk inherit in agricultural production and marketing.

 

The farmers were also confronted with the inability to provide the needed collateral  securities .  The farmers inability to provide the needed collateral securities by banks led to the search for co-operative societies.  The group can lend to individual member farmers and outsiders today.   There are many co-operative thrift and credit societies and this project hereby examines the impact they have made towards the financing or upliftment of agricultural production in Nigeria.

 

1.2                       STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS

Co-operative societies was the revolt against exploitation of workers, the die living condition of the urban masses on estimated competition and greed; peoples bad attitudes, hatred and excessive exploitation of man to man.  The establishment of co-operative around Enugu was to ender services among their members and non-members but revers  is now the case, in the sense that almost all the co-operative organization around Enugu is said to have closed down for no good reason.  The few surviving co-operative still in business in Enugu state are so unpopular that they have made impact on the economy of Nigeria.  It is true that lack of interest in the societies and also two much of egocentric is one of the things that runs the societies down in Enugu state.

 

1.3                       OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

1.        It helps to determine the role of co-operative thrift and credit societies                          

in agricultural financing.

2.      To find out how they are functioning.   

3.           To find out the nature of the society.

4.           To make recommendation of how to carry with the activities of the society.

5.           It determine whether the society could still be in operation.

6.           To promote a sustainable self-help financial solution for members that effectively improves their living condition.

7.           To promoting saving with members.

8.           Extending loans to members at reasonable interest rates.

9.           Providing/organizing training to members on how to run the association effectively.

 

1.4                       RESEARCH QUESTION

1.      How can we minimize the factors that influence cooperative business  

          enterprise through by financing.

2.     Can a cooperative borrow loan from her members?

3.     How does cooperative finance existing business enterprises in Nigeria?

4.     Does funds helps in cooperative business enterprises in Nigeria?

5.     Of what important does cooperative  thrift and credit society useful to us in Nigeria.

1.5                       SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

This study is conducted  in other to examine the role of co-operative thrift and credit societies in financing the Agricultural sector of the economy.

At the end of the analysis, the co-operative thrift and credit societies and policy makers could be well informed of the examination of their roles with a view to provide improving certain standard which are carried at increased

 food production, capital formation and standard of living.

The banks and financial institutions will take bearing from co-operative banks, hence enlarging their scope and increasing revenue opportunities.  The Enugu state government and the nation as a whole will benefit as findings in these studies will be equally used where necessary to improve agricultural finance in other parts of the country. The nation will further benefit from the study in the sense that the recommendations will boost food production, the cross domestic product and improve standard of living.  The farmers would as well be enlightened to the credit opportunities available to them.

 

 

 

 

1.6                       SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY

Though, it is believed that this project research will serve a national purpose, but for easy co-ordination of facts.  This project research will be concentrated on a sample of co-operative societies and farmers in Enugu state.

 

However, production has not been easy.  The research encountered many constraints which tended to have retarded or delayed the work.  The nature of the project topic made it possible that data are processed  on restrictive basis, this exposed the research to a little hardship, inadequate finance also contributed a problem, to the research.

 

1.7                       DEFINITION OFTERMS

The following terms are used in the project and are defined thus:

 Co-operative:  This is an association of persons who have voluntarily joined together to achieve a common end, through making equitable contributions to the capital required and accepting a fair share of the risks and  benefits of the undertaking in which the members actively participates.

Agriculture:  This is an overall planning, management and control of land, live stocks, wild life and crops with an aim to increasing food productions, raw materials for industries, research and employment.

Rural:    This is the opposite of urban of a town where life is usually sustained through farming.

 

                            REFERENCES

1.     IJERE, M.O. (1975), first step in co-operative Organization, Enugu

                 Government Printer P. 37.

2.    ADYEYE  S.O. (1978),   The Co-operative Movement in Nigeria.

                Gottingon Publishers  P. 58.

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