THE EFFECT OF SOCIAL SERVICE ADMINISTRATION ON RURAL WOMEN IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF UDI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA
Government of nowadays has a lot of responsibilities including to provision of social services. The services which the government ought to provide to Udi rural women include: Water, free health facilities, employment, empowerment, justice, free education, to mention but a few. The provision of these is not adequate and this compelled the researcher to carryout the study. Both primary and secondary sources of data were used to gather data. The questionnaire was used to collect data. The Harvard style of reference was used, the validity and reliability of the instruments were tested. In distributing the questionnaire face-to-face method of distribution was used. The population size was 74,277 staff. The sample size was 204. This was got using Yamani formular. Tabular method of analysis was used. 105 respondents were used for the analysis.
The finding of this study are that the social services needs of Udi women are on health care, portable water, modern markets, etc. the extent the women benefit from the social services is small; the nature of social service available are health services, educational service, agricultural services, shelter, furthermore, the impact of the provided social services is very lowly felt, and that one of the problems affecting the provision of social services in the area if inadequate resources.
The researcher recommended that government should endeavour to provide the women with those social services they need such as functional health programmes, portable water, modern market etc, government should expand the services provided for the women such as encouraging the women to participate in decision, provide the women with adequate social services needs, and that adequate resources must be provided.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title = = = = = = = = = = i
Certification = = = = = = = = ii
Dedication = = = = = = = = iii
Acknowledgement = = = = = = = iv
Abstract = = = = = = = = = v
Table of content = = = = = = = vi
1.1 Introduction = = = = = = = 1
1.2 Statement of the problem = = = = = 3
1.3 Objectives of the study = = = = = 4
1.4 Significance of the study = = = = = 5
1.5 Scope of the study = = = = = = 5
1.6 Theoretical foundation of the study = = = 6
1.7 Research questions = = = = = = 9
1.8 Limitations of the study = = = = = 10
1.9 Definition of terms/acronym = = = = 11
References = = = = = = = 14
2.0 REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE = = 15
2.1 The four major characteristics of social administration 19
2.2 The scope of social administration = = = 19
2.3 The aim of state to citizen = = = = 20
2.4 The role of women in economic development = 23
2.5 The areas where gender inequality are observed 25
2.6 The control of inequality by government in women
Welfare = = = = = = = = 35
2.7 Contributions of Nnadi to the control of Inequality in women welfare = = = = = = = 38
References = = = = = = = 47
RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY = = 49
3.1 Research method and design = = = = 49
3.2 Sources of data = = = = = = 50
3.2.1Primary sources of data = = = = = 50
3.2.2Secondary sources of data = = = = 50
3.3 Location of the study = = = = = 51
3.4 Method of data collection= = = = = 51
3.5 Population of the study = = = = = 52
3.6 Sample size and sampling technique = = 54
3.6.1Sampling Technique = = = = = 57
3.7 Instrumentation = = = = = = 58
3.8 Validity of the instrument = = = = 59
3.9 Reliability of instrument = = = = = = 61
3.10 Instrument return rate = = = = = 64
PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA = = = = = = = = = 68
4.1 Research Question 1 = = = = = = 68
4.2 Research Question 2 = = = = = = 70
4.3 Research Question 3 = = = = = = 71
4.4 Research Question 4 = = = = = = 72
4.5 Research Question 5 = = = = = = 74
DISCUSSION/FINDINGS, RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION = = = = = = = = 76
5.1 Summary of findings = = = = = 76
5.2 Recommendation = = = = = = 77
5.3 Conclusion = = = = = = = 79
Bibliography = = = = = = = 80
Appendix = = = = = == = = 86
Questionnaire = = = = = = = 87
Social welfare programme for rural women is an articulated attempt by government of Nigeria and Enugu state in particular to look into various welfare packages provided for women by all levels of government and Non-government agencies (Neze, 2001).
According to Echezona, (2000: 53) the rural women in Udi LGA are not exception. (Form a greater) part of Nigeria’s rural population and as such they deserve more attention in terms of provision of welfare services.
The United Nations declared 1970-1980 the decades for women. The declaration sparked off various women development programmes or activities.
In world over, Nigeria for instance, there have been a lot of women oriented programmes such as Better Life for Rural Women; (BLP), Family Support Programme (FSP_ Family Economic Advancement Programme (FEAP) and recently Child Trust to mention but a few. (Ekeoma, 2001: 36.
Social welfare programme for rural women is an initiative of various tiers of government in Nigeria to provide welfare packages for this class of Nigerians. Both governmental and non-governmental agencies, one way or another, carry out this programme for the betterment of rural women in Nigeria. Certainly, various local authorities (governments) in Nigeria including Udi LGA also carry out this programme.
Presently, there is a ministry of Gender Affairs and Youth development in Enugu State whose main objective is to improve on the welfare of women and youths in the state.
It is not, therefore, out of place to suggest that most of the women-oriented organizations are out of improve the social welfare services of the rural women (Madueme, 2002: 44).
The Enugu State Ministry of Women Gender and Youth Development has expanded its programme to include other activities which are not exclusively for women members of the public to identify with the wide range of programmes designed to improve on the quality of life of children, disabled, the aged to mention but a few (Madueme, 2002: 45).
This study therefore, is prompted to example how these welfare programmes have been administered and their impact as far as women of Udi are concerned.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
One of the problems which Udi Local Government Area is facing is inadequate resources. The Local Government support for its rural women is not very encouraging. (Government and non-government support for the women is pay lip services to the needs of the women. In some cases the support which ought to be offered to them is directed to other Non-women oriented organizations and this does not augur well for the women (Echezona, 2000: 61).
The women face the problem of poverty women in the area and their families still live in poorly ventilated houses their children suffer from various diseases due to poor feeding, their children do not have adequate medical attendtion. (Akagu 2001: 77).