DEBIT RECOVERY TECHNIQUES IN THE BANKING SECTORS ISSUES, PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS
(A CASE STUDY OF UNION BANK NIG PLC)
When some banks in the system are distressed, it is in the best interest of the non distressed one that an effective resolution of the distressed it carried out . This is because, the distress in one bank which leads to a loss of confidence in the effected bank can also affected confidence in the entire banking system, the corporation requires enormous amount of money which it does not have at the moment given the age and size of the insurance find.
Bank customers expect their bankers to provide them with loan and advances to make up the short fall in their required find the ability of the bank to maintain profitability depends largely on the extent to which the credit policy and debt recovery techniques is maintained.
Credit control department is the center of banks and as such , they are charged with responsibility of making proper use of the share holders finds of the public at large . The union bank of Nigeria PLC has been chosen for this work.. The study is carried out to examine the debt recovery techniques employed by union bank of Nigeria PLC towards the effective running of the bank as lending attitude and preferring solution as deemed appropriate. The case study method was adopted in carrying out the work and debt were collected from secondary and primary source. Secondary sources information include the use of existing literary coupled with use of some journals and other unpublished manuals were seen to be useful for this work.
Chapter one highlights one the statement of the researches problem, definition of some important terms used for the study, scope, limitation and hypothesis.
Chapter two dealt with relate iterative. It focuses on conceptual and theorelocal bed rock upon which bank recovery techniques is built
Chapter three and four dealt on data collection which includes questionnaire analysis, personal interview, analysis as well as testing hypothesis based on response to the questionnaire
Chapter five is the findings, conclusion and recommendation of the researcher.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Table of content
Table of content
1.1 Statement of the problem
1.2 Purpose of the study
1.3 Significant of the study
1.4 Statement of Hypotheses
1.5 Scope of the study
1.6 Limitation of the study
1.7 Definition of terms.
1.8 Causes of loan delinquency
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
2.1 Sources of data, primary data, secondary data
2.2 Population sample size
2.2.1 Description of population
2.2.2 Sample size
2.3 Instrument of data collection Description of Questionnaire
2.4 Data collection methods
2.5 Method of data presentation and analysis
2.6 Method of testing Hypothesis Reference.
3.1 Data presentation and Analysis
3.2 Research Questionnaire Analysis
4.1 Summary of finding , conclusion and Recommendation
4.2 Summary of finding
Actually, for every successful business, there must be a debt in the sense that one person or customer must own the owner of a business. Banks are not exempted from this, this due to the activities involved in their operations.
Debts can be accrued as a result of bank over draft, frond and forgeries, borrowing and so on therefore banks recover these debts through the rules and regulations guiding the institution. The lender will explore all the available sources of repayment of the debt. The process of recovery is the cove of the management of bad debt as it is quite an unfriendly exercise carried out by the bank against a default customers to forcefully retrieve the banks money, in recovery of debt, there must be consideration of the security position of the bank, borrowers , ability to pay bank the use of debt collections recover by legal preceding and so on .
Debt recovery can be described as responsible for the effective and economic planning and regulation of operations of an enterprise in fulfillment of a given purpose or task.
Failed bank recovery debt and financial malpractices defined debt recovery as a means of any loan, advances, credit, accommodation guarantees, or any other facility, together with the interest there on which outstanding and unpaid against a customers of a bank in favour of the bank.
In recovery of debt from the borrower or customers banks do encounter problem between the customers for inability to pay. Besides, improper documentation, credit concentration, poor supervision of the funds can or may consequently make the bank to be unable to meet its obligation.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The importance of banking in economic system singles out the industry for much heavier regulations than any other. Unlike many other economic activities, banking industry involves with statutory activities that governs it practice and it is constituted by laws. The current distress in banking sector has been widely acknowledge arising primary form non performing loans which