The Effectiveness Of Institute Of Chartered Accountant Of Nigeria (ican) As An Agency For Continuing Education.

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THE EFFECTIVENESS OF INSTITUTE OF CHARTERED ACCOUNTANT OF NIGERIA (ICAN) AS AN AGENCY FOR CONTINUING EDUCATION.

ABSTRACT

This study is an attempt to examine the effectiveness of the Institute of Chartered Accountant of Nigeria (ICAN) as an Agency of Continuing Education.  This is with a view to determining whether it can be concluded that the Institute of Chartered Accountant of Nigeria (ICAN) is an agency for continuing education.

This is to show what Institute of Chartered Accountant of Nigeria is all about and its effectiveness as an agency for continuing education.  This is because the recognition of the role of Accountancy in national development as indispensable for the full function of the Accountant.

This determines that the Institute of Chartered Accountants of Nigeria is well suited for continuing education because it has motivational factors by way of employment prospects for its products.  It also equips the leaner with skill in Accountancy.

However, it has the deficiency of a narrow based curriculum and communication gap between the Institute and its target audience.

To this end, four hypotheses were formulated to test empirically whether or not the Institute of Chartered Accountants of Nigeria (ICAN) is an agency for continuing education and its effectiveness.

These hypotheses are:

1.          The Educational Programmes of Institute of Chartered Accountants of Nigeria (ICAN) offers the participants certification for better employment, promotions and appointments.

2.          The ICAN Educational Programmes raise accountants to social status that compare favourably with that of other professional scholars.

3.          The Education Programmes of ICAN affects the proper development of the accountants for his economic and social roles.

4.          There is a failure on the part of ICAN to reach out to itstarget audience.


LIST OF TABLES

1.     RECOGNITION OF ICAN QUALIFICATIONS

2.     APPOINTMENTS FOR HOLDERS OF ICAN QUALIFICATIONS

3.     PREFERENCE OF ACCOUNTANT WITH ICAN CERTIFICATES

4.     THE PRESTIGE OF ICAN MEMBERS

5.     INTEGRITY OF ICAN MEMBERS

6.     EQUIPMENTS OF THE PARTICIPANT WITH ACCOUNTING EXPERTISE

7.     ICAN AND EDUCATIONAL ENLIGHTENMENT

8.     AWARENESS OF REGISTRATION PROCEDURE

9.     INFORMATION ABOUT ICAN.


TABLE OF CONTENT

 

Title page                                                                                i

Approval page                                                                        ii

Dedication                                                                               iii

Acknowledgement                                                                             iv

Abstract                                                                                  v

List of tables                                                                            vii

Table of content                                                                      viii

 
CHAPTER ONE
Introduction                                                                                      1

1.1            Statement of problem                                                    6

 

1.2            Purpose of study                                                           6

 

1.3            Significance of the study                                                         7

 

1.4            Hypothesis                                                                    7

 

1.5            Delimitation of the study                                                         8

 

1.6            Research question                                                                   9

 

1.7            Definition of terms                                                                  10

 

CHAPTER ONE

 

Literature review                                                                     13

 

2.1            The development of the institute of

chartered of accountants of nigeria (ican)                      13

2.2            The importance of ican in national development           17

2.3            The problems of the ican                                                         20

2.4            Ican as an agency for continuing education                             23

2.5            Continuing education and the citizen’s                         

right to life long education                                             34     

2.6            The role of continuing education                                  

in national development                                                39

2.7            Factors influencing the effectiveness

of continuing education                                                 45

 

CHAPTER THREE

Research  Methodology                                                           70     

3.1            Population of the study                                                 70

3.2            Sampling procedure                                                       71

3.3            Sample size                                                                    71

3.4            Instrumentation                                                             72

3.5            Administration of questionnaire                                              73

3.6            Statistical technique used                                                        74

 

CHAPTER FOUR

Data presentation and analysis                                                         75

4.1     Tests for Hypothesis                                                     75

 

 

           

CHAPTER FIVE

 

Summary of findings, conclusions and recommendations                80

5.1            Discussion of results                                                     80

5.2            Conclusions                                                                             85

5.3            Implication of the result                                                 86

5.4            Recommendation                                                           86

5.5            Area for further study                                                    90

5.6            Limitation to the study                                                  91

 

Bibliography                                                                           92     

Appendix                                                                                95

Questionnaire.                                                                         96

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Generally the history of accounting as a mere recording of business transactions is as old as human society itself.  As soon as man begin to live in society transaction started, ranging from barter, at the earlier stage, to monetary transaction later.  It can thus be conceived that as soon as man began transaction he began to keep records.  This is of course the same all over the world including Nigeria.

According to Braide; “the only means by which a business man knows how much he owns and how much another person owns him is by keeping records.  The steward or agent of a landowner by keeping records of how he has collected and used his master’s goods and money, car account for his dealings to his master.

However, when accounting is seen in the modern concept it is more sophisticated and new.

Garbutt defined accounting as a discipline concerned with the recording analysis and forecasting of income and wealth of business and other entities …  He explained further that it records in many terms, the flow of economic values between or within and economic entities.

The accounting profession in this modern concept is thus new.  According to Okpan (1988) the first known treatment of the subject of accounting was written in 1494.  It was in 1494, two years after the discovery of America, that an Italian monk and mathematician Fr. Luca Pacioli, published the first known general instruction on double entry in England generated the impetus for the development of new approaches in accounting.  The general introduction of double entry in England was made by Richard Grafton who later became the treasurer of the profession in

 

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