THE EFFECTIVENESS OF INSTITUTE OF CHARTERED ACCOUNTANT OF NIGERIA (ICAN) AS AN AGENCY FOR CONTINUING EDUCATION.
This study is an attempt to examine the effectiveness of the Institute of Chartered Accountant of Nigeria (ICAN) as an Agency of Continuing Education. This is with a view to determining whether it can be concluded that the Institute of Chartered Accountant of Nigeria (ICAN) is an agency for continuing education.
This is to show what Institute of Chartered Accountant of Nigeria is all about and its effectiveness as an agency for continuing education. This is because the recognition of the role of Accountancy in national development as indispensable for the full function of the Accountant.
This determines that the Institute of Chartered Accountants of Nigeria is well suited for continuing education because it has motivational factors by way of employment prospects for its products. It also equips the leaner with skill in Accountancy.
However, it has the deficiency of a narrow based curriculum and communication gap between the Institute and its target audience.
To this end, four hypotheses were formulated to test empirically whether or not the Institute of Chartered Accountants of Nigeria (ICAN) is an agency for continuing education and its effectiveness.
These hypotheses are:
1. The Educational Programmes of Institute of Chartered Accountants of Nigeria (ICAN) offers the participants certification for better employment, promotions and appointments.
2. The ICAN Educational Programmes raise accountants to social status that compare favourably with that of other professional scholars.
3. The Education Programmes of ICAN affects the proper development of the accountants for his economic and social roles.
4. There is a failure on the part of ICAN to reach out to itstarget audience.
LIST OF TABLES
1. RECOGNITION OF ICAN QUALIFICATIONS
2. APPOINTMENTS FOR HOLDERS OF ICAN QUALIFICATIONS
3. PREFERENCE OF ACCOUNTANT WITH ICAN CERTIFICATES
4. THE PRESTIGE OF ICAN MEMBERS
5. INTEGRITY OF ICAN MEMBERS
6. EQUIPMENTS OF THE PARTICIPANT WITH ACCOUNTING EXPERTISE
7. ICAN AND EDUCATIONAL ENLIGHTENMENT
8. AWARENESS OF REGISTRATION PROCEDURE
9. INFORMATION ABOUT ICAN.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Approval page ii
List of tables vii
Table of content viii
1.1 Statement of problem 6
1.2 Purpose of study 6
1.3 Significance of the study 7
1.4 Hypothesis 7
1.5 Delimitation of the study 8
1.6 Research question 9
1.7 Definition of terms 10
Literature review 13
2.1 The development of the institute of
chartered of accountants of nigeria (ican) 13
2.2 The importance of ican in national development 17
2.3 The problems of the ican 20
2.4 Ican as an agency for continuing education 23
2.5 Continuing education and the citizen’s
right to life long education 34
2.6 The role of continuing education
in national development 39
2.7 Factors influencing the effectiveness
of continuing education 45
Research Methodology 70
3.1 Population of the study 70
3.2 Sampling procedure 71
3.3 Sample size 71
3.4 Instrumentation 72
3.5 Administration of questionnaire 73
3.6 Statistical technique used 74
Data presentation and analysis 75
4.1 Tests for Hypothesis 75
Summary of findings, conclusions and recommendations 80
5.1 Discussion of results 80
5.2 Conclusions 85
5.3 Implication of the result 86
5.4 Recommendation 86
5.5 Area for further study 90
5.6 Limitation to the study 91
Generally the history of accounting as a mere recording of business transactions is as old as human society itself. As soon as man begin to live in society transaction started, ranging from barter, at the earlier stage, to monetary transaction later. It can thus be conceived that as soon as man began transaction he began to keep records. This is of course the same all over the world including Nigeria.
According to Braide; “the only means by which a business man knows how much he owns and how much another person owns him is by keeping records. The steward or agent of a landowner by keeping records of how he has collected and used his master’s goods and money, car account for his dealings to his master.
However, when accounting is seen in the modern concept it is more sophisticated and new.
Garbutt defined accounting as a discipline concerned with the recording analysis and forecasting of income and wealth of business and other entities … He explained further that it records in many terms, the flow of economic values between or within and economic entities.
The accounting profession in this modern concept is thus new. According to Okpan (1988) the first known treatment of the subject of accounting was written in 1494. It was in 1494, two years after the discovery of America, that an Italian monk and mathematician Fr. Luca Pacioli, published the first known general instruction on double entry in England generated the impetus for the development of new approaches in accounting. The general introduction of double entry in England was made by Richard Grafton who later became the treasurer of the profession in