SHORTAGE OF HUMAN RESOURCES IN GOVERNMENT ESTABLSHMENT PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS
(A CASE STUDY OF MINISTRY OF FINANCE AND ECONOMIC PLANNING ENUGU STATE)
Shortage of human resources is a research work, which aimed a examine the shortage of human resources in government establishment problem and solutions. This study was centered on ministry of finance and Economic Planning Enugu state.
This research work has five chapters.
Chapter one contain a general discussion on the shortage of human resource as seen by the different people it went further to state the problem to be studied, the objective of the study, significant of the study, the scope and limitation of the study and finally the definition of terms and hypothesis.
Chapter two, a number of past related literature examined by other studies as to the shortage of human resources. The investigation revealed that some of the cause of shortage includes withdrawal by death some lest service through retirements etc.
Chapter three, deals with the design of the study, the methods used in collecting relevant date were primary and secondly method of sourcing.
Chapter four, the researcher analysed and presented the data collected in the tabulated form. And chi-square method (x2) were used in test of hypothesis.
Finally, finding were made which include the factors and problem associate with the shortage of human resources in government establishment. The factors that lead to the shortage were as follows:
i. Withdrawal of workers form service through retirement and retrenchment.
ii. Voluntary withdrawal from service by employees etc
The effect of the man-power shortage were as follows:
i. Drop in the level of productivities
ii. Decline in efficiency
iii. Delay in the rate of work etc.
In conclusion, based on the findings, the researcher also revealed that productivity is often affected adversely by the shortage of human resources and works are usually delayed so much.
Recommendation were made based on the finding and conclusions, the following recommendations are hereby made.
The government should employ enough and qualified man-power to fill the important vacant positions existing in the civil service.
Government should equally minimize the voluntarily withdrawal from service by the employee. This can be done by providing good remuneration and enticing working incentives from time to time to make them happy.
TABLE OF CONTENT
TABLE OF CONTENT
1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF STUDY
1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY
1.6 SOCPE AND LIMITATION OF STUDY
1.7 DEFINTION OF TERMS
2.0 LITERATURE REVIEWE
2.1 OVERVIEW OF HUMAN RESOURCES
2.2 SHORTAGES OF HUMAN RESOURCES IN GOVERNMENT
ESTABLISHMENT OF ENUGU STATE
2.3 CAUSES OF SHORTAGE
3.0 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1 RESEARCH DESIGN
3.2 SOURCES OF DATA
3.3 RESEARCH POPULATION AND SAMPLE SIZE
3.4 TREATMENT OF DATA
3.5 METHOD OF INVESTIGATION
3.6 SAMPLE PROCEDURE
3.7 METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION
3.9 METHOD OF DATA ANALYSIS
4.1 PROESENTATION ANALYSIS AND INTERPERTATION OF
4.2 TEST OF HYPOTHESIS
SUMMARY OF FINDING RECOMMEDATION AND CONCLUSION
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Many people with particular reference to the elite will be wondering why there is shortage of human resources supply. A research in the area of this shortage of human resources supply will sound like asking an obvious question.
To give the answer to the obvious question above I will start by emphasizing on the important of human resource in every economy. Wental French described human resources as a combination of all individual engaged in any of the organisation activities regardless of their levels. From the above definition of human resources means men and women working for an organisation that belong or do not belong to the human resources. For instance in ministries it ranges from commissioners to messengers.
Ministry of finance and economic planning which started during the creation of the eastern region, has the primary function of revenue generation through the board of internal revenue, treasury keeping the releasing of funds for the running of day to day business of the government. This ministry is experiencing shortage of human resources. The investigation revealed that some of the cause of the shortage includes that the state government stopped employing man power since 1994, without having in mind that even those employed left the service through retirement, voluntary withdraw due to the fact that the salary is not encouraging, state creation, death etc.
Mean while for any organisation to achieve some of it aim, must ensure not only supply of human resource but also ensuring that they are adequately motivated. This is because any activities in the organisation from beginning to the end stage depends human resources.
From the above we can reaches that the goal of any organisation can not be achieve only by providing or ensuring adequate supply of human resources.
Moreover Harish C. Jain for this reason said that it assumes that people will be motivated to perform their jobs effectively to the extent of which they are satisfied with these jobs. The more one rewards workers the harder they will work. The greater the extent to which an employee’s needs are satisfied in his job, the greater the extent to which he will respond presumable with gratitude or loyalty, by producing effectively on that job. Another way saying that although the task of motivating workers vested on the management team as a whole but managers has more role to play. He said that managers has more