THE ROLE OF NIGERIAN STOCK EXCHANGE IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE NIGERIAN ECONOMY
(A CASE STUDY OF FIRST BANK OKPARA AVENUE)
This research was titles “the role of Nigerian stock exchange in the development of the Nigerian economy examines the following, to determine the various activities of Nigerian stock exchange. To examine the instruments of the Nigerian stock exchange and also to determine the problems faced by the Nigerian stock exchange in carrying it’s objectives. These are the areas that the researcher concentrated while carrying out this research work. The first chapter is the introductory part of the researcher work. This chapter also contains the background of the study, statement of problems, research questions etc. data for the study was sourced from two main sources which includes primary and secondary source of data collection. Primary data: questionnaire and oral interviews were used to collect information from the respondents. Secondary data: this category of data used in this study is in published form, they include: library stock, government publications, journal, newspapers and magazines relevant to the national library Enugu, for generation of the secondary data for this study. The research instrument used includes oral interview and questionnaire. The oral interviews were found inevitable and extensively used to cover questions not included in the questionnaire; questionnaire was structural and under used to meet its intended purposed. Sample table and percentage were used in treat of data in order to drawn the actual result made from the respondents. Based on the findings conclusion were drawn and recommendations were also made in the last chapter of this work which is the fifth chapter.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Title page i
Approval page ii
Table of content viii
1.1 Background of the study 1
1.2 Statement of problem 4
1.3 Objective of the study 6
1.4 Research questions 7
1.5 Significance of the study 7
1.6 Scopes of the study 8
1.7 Limitations of the study 8
2.0 Review of Related Literature 10
2.1 Membership of Nigerian Stock Exchange 11
2.2 Role of Stock Brokers and Jobbers in Nigeria Stock
2.3 It’s Development to Nigerian Economy 14
2.4 The Nigerian Securities and Exchange
Commission (NSEC) 15
2.5 Functions of the Nigerian Stock Exchange 16
2.6 Management of the Nigerian Stock Exchange 20
2.7 Trading/Business Volumes on the Nigerian
Stock Exchange 22
2.8 Operations and Technology 24
3.0 Research Design and Methodology 29
3.1 Research Design 29
3.2 Area of the Study 30
3.3 Population of the Study 30
3.4 Sampling Method 31
3.5 Research Instrumentation 33
3.6 Validity and Reliability of the Instrument 34
3.7 Sources of Data Collection 35
3.8 Method of Data Analysis 37
4.0 Data Presentation, Analysis and Results 38
4.1 Data Presentation 38
4.2 Analysis of Result 39
4.3 Data Analysis 40
5.0 Summary of Findings, Conclusion and
5.1 Summary of Findings 51
5.2 Conclusion 52
5.3 Recommendation 53
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The Nigerian stock exchange which started as the Lagos stock exchange Act of 1961, following the report of the Bare back committee, set up May 1958, by the Federal Government, to advice on ways and means of fastening a share market in Nigeria.
The Lagos stock exchange was sequentially incorporated on the 15th September, 1960. But began operations on the 2nd December, 1977 transformed into the Nigerian stock exchange with branches now in Kaduna, Port-Harcourt, Ibadan and Onitsha.
Presently, there are six branches of Nigeria stock exchange with each branch having a trading floor. The branch in Lagos was opened in 1961, Kaduna 1978, Kano 1989, Onitsha 1990, Ibadan August 1990 and Port-Harcourt 1980. Lagos is the head office of the exchange. Besides Abuja is now included 2001. on the other hand, the Nigerian stock exchange started only with 19 (nineteen) securities and traded on it’s floors in 1961, now has 257 securities made up of 36 Federal government stock, 62 cooperatives or industrial loans and debentures) preference stocks and 159 equity/ stock of companies, all was a total market capitalization of approximately N3 half billion.
During the early years, trading was however, low due to the slow ratio of capital formation, lack of awareness of mechanics of stock exchange transaction and poor communication facilities.
However, with the implementation of the Nigeria enterprises promotion Decree, listing was booted and by 1980, the exchange registered a total of 91 firms. The market capital of equities only has grown to over N59, 924 billion. There are 48 listed firms whose stock are traced on the floor of the exchange, all grouped by sub-sectors.
The idea of a stock exchange for Nigeria came into being from the report of Professor R.H. Darback committee published in 1950 which recommended as follows.
1. The creation of facilities for dealing in shares.
2. The establishment of rules regulating transfers.
3. Measures to encourage savings and issues of securities of government and other organization.
This report was accepted by the federal government and in September 1960, the Lagos stock exchange was incorporated as a non-profit making organization through the combination of effort from the following.
1. Central bank of Nigeria
2. Nigerian Industrial Development
3. The Federal Government
4. Nigeria business community.
The subscribers to the memorandum and Article of association of the Lagos stock exchange at the time of incorporation include:
1. Alhaji Shehu Bakar
2. Chief Theophilus Adebayo Doherty
3. Sir Odumegun Ogukwu
4. Mr Akintola Williams
5. C.Y. Boneings and Co. Nigeria Limited
6. John Holt Nigeria Limited
7. The Investment Company of Nigeria Limited.
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
The Nigerian exchange market was supposed to have contributed greatly to the development of Nigerian economy in many arrears. But the unawareness of the public on the instrument that the traded by the stock exchange posses a huge problem to the Nigerian economy. The number of people that make use of the service of the stock exchange market in Nigerian is too slow.
Additionally, most people are not abreast of the duties and responsibilities of the stockers and brokers. These two bodies play a role in the transaction of the stock exchange market in Nigeria. Since their duties and responsibilities are not properly known, these tend to present problem to the exchange.
Lastly, the Nigerian stock exchange is not fully financed by the Federal government and as a result, the exchange does not have adequate capital or fund to meet its – obligations. The encouragement and incentives which they received from the Federal government is nothing to write home about.
Therefore, this study will analyze in details the contribution of the Nigerian stock exchange to the Nigerian economy.
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
In order to ensure meaningful and adequate performance of the Nigerian stock exchange, the objective of the study could be stated as follows.
1. To evaluate the role of Nigerian stock exchange in the development of Nigerian economy.
2. To determine the various activities of Nigerian stock exchange.
3. To examine the instruments of the Nigerian stock exchange.
4. To determine the problems faced by the Nigerian stock exchange in carrying its objective.
5. To Proffer possible solutions to the problems identified.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTION
The following research questions were formulated by the researcher:
1. What are the roles of Nigerian stock exchange in the development of Nigerian economy?
2. What are the various activities of Nigerian stock exchange?
3. What are the instruments of the Nigerian stock exchange?
4. Does Nigerian stock exchange face any problems in carrying its objective?
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY
The following benefits derived from this study are stated as follows.
· Creation of facilities for dealing in shares.
· Measures to encourage savings and issues of securities of government.
· Establishment of rules regulating transfers.
1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This project work focuses on the role of Nigerian stock exchange in the development of the Nigerian economy with particular reference to first Bank Nigerian Plc Okpara avenue.
1.7 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The researcher in carrying out this study encountered numerous problems, which includes:
ii. Time and several other constraints.
FINANCIAL – This included lack of enough fund to move around and visit the various areas in the state, and also lack of money to buy enough research material which constitutes on impediment of to researchers high cost of transportation in the city due to long distance also imposed its own limitation on the researcher.
TIME:– Time is also another constraints to the researcher. This is because the researcher is combining school activities and at the same time this made her unable to cover a lot of interesting areas but therefore limited her research work only at Enugu metropolis.
From the above points the researcher tried her best to bring out in details study on the study. But the above constraints have limited the researcher to carry out her research work effectively.