Nigeria Bank And Issue Of Distress

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NIGERIA BANK AND ISSUE OF DISTRESS

ABSTRACT

 

The major objective of this research was to probe into the issue of distress in Nigeria bank

The increasing rate of bank distress recently in Nigeria triggered the need for and inspired us to embark on this project research.

In carry out the research, the researcher intend to find out the problems that lead to financial distress in Nigerian Banks and the possible solution to that effect.

Related literatures were reviewed to find out the opinion of others in the topic and related topics in the bank industry. Data collected was tested and analyzed. Statistical techniques were used and findings on this hypothesis were made in chapter five. Also recommendations were made on the literature reviewed.

Finally, conclusions were drawn on the topic studies.

 

 

 

 

DEDICATION

 

I dedicate this project to my beloved sister Confidence Ndidiamaka Okeh and my parents whose bear the financial burden of my studentship.

I also dedicate it to all my well-wishers, my beloved one Frank Chidirim Ukpai whose support (moral and financial) made me to attain this academic.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ACKNOWLEDGMENT

 

The success of this project would not have been achieved without the co-operation and assistance of many individuals.

For this, I remain most grateful to my loving and caring parents, Mr. And Mrs. OKEH ISAAC, to my beloved sister Miss. CONFIDENCE OKEH and my brothers and sisters for their own individual assistance.

I am equally very grateful to certain individuals for their moral and financial support, they are MR. CHIDIRIM, MR. OKEH PRECIOUS, ANNA, AMAKA & DORIS and others too numerous to mention.

I appreciate all the assistance of my kith and kin.

I am also very grateful to my lecturers MR. ODIKE, OJINTA, ILOH, OKEFOR and ODOH and my academic adviser MR. UDEH and my H.O.D. JOHN ORJIH for their moral support.

I am ver grateful to my project supervisor, MR. B.T. IKECHEONWU, for his exemplary moral and academic rectitude.

Finally, I give my unalloyed thank to the most gracious God for his loving and kindness

OKEH FORTUNE. C.BKF /N2003 / 206.

TABLE OF CONTENT

 

TITLE PAGE

ABSTRACT

PROPOSAL PAGE

DEDICATION

ACKNOWLEDGMENT

TABLE OF CONTENT

 

CHAPTER ONE

1.0 INTRODUCTION

1.1  BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

1.2  STATEMENT OF THE STUDY

1.3  OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

1.4  SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

1.5  LIMITATION AND SCOPE OF THE STUDY

 

CHAPTER TWO

2.0 REVIEW OD RELATED LITERATURE

CHAPTER THREE

3.0 RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY

3.1 SOURCES OF DATA (SECONDARY DATA)

3.2 LOCATION OF DATA

3.3 METHOD OF THE DATA COLLECTION

 

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0 FINDINGS

 

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0 RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

 

1.0 INTRODUCTION

It is more important or convenient to trace the origin of banking and it meaning before moving into the causes of bank distress in Nigeria economy.

Banking originated in England through the activities of the Gold Smiths, who by often keeping money in safes for their customers realized that they could make gain with it by lending to other people on the order hand, they realized that they could cover for unexpected demand by paying interest to depositors.

The process soon attract many depositors and borrowers and this formed the genesis of banking business fully develop England; it was transplanted to West African during colonialism.

There has not been any acceptable definition of what a bank is or who is a banker. Several attempt have been made to offer a comprehensive of acceptable definition of the term banker.

J.W.Gilbert defined a banker as a dealer in capital or more properly a dealer in money. He is an intermediate between the borrower and lender.

He borrows from one party and lends to another.

This definition emphasis on two traditional functions of bank, which is mobilization of deposit and granting of loans and advances.

In Nigeria the banking enacted in 1952 defined banking as the business of receiving from the public, on current account money which is to be repayable on demand by cheque and of making advances restricted the establishment of banks and practice of banking to companies with valid licenses.

From these definitions, one can say that a banker is any person or corporative that provides the minimum banking services and which is licensed as bank from federal government of Nigeria as a banking institution.

These minimum banking includes:

Receiptance of deposit from customer, making payment locally or outside, Nigeria, granting loans and advances, trading in securities clearing cheques and fimilar institutions.

The rules to be followed for this establishment of a bank are contained in a banking decree

1996 (Section 2 ) which is now replaced by decree No 24/28 of 1991, which gave the CBN the power to license banks”.

The banks are Nigeria can be grouped into three commercial banks, merchant banks and Development bank with the central bank of Nigeria as the Apex bank. Each of these groups renders different types of services to the public as conferred on them by the CBN.

Infact, commercial banking in a recent development, most of them are off-shorts of large foreign commercial banks with headquarters in Europe. America and Asia.

Indigenous banking in Nigeria is still in its infact stage. The history of commercial banking in Nigeria data to 1892, when the African banking corporate in London opened a branch in Lagos in 1894 the bank of British west Africa (BBWA), now the first bank was established in Lagos and it took over the African banking ltd.

In the indigenous sector, the national banks of Nigeria (NBN) was established on 11th February 1933. This was followed by Africa continental bank ltd.

Others are: The British and French bank ltd, now united bank for (UBA) plc which was established in 1949: co-operative and commercial bank (CCB) ltd wema bank ltd; orient bank ltd etc.

The period to 1962 was an epoch of bank proliferation in Nigeria.

During the year under review, an about thirty-nine (39) bank was established.

The sudden bank boom was attributable to inadequate banking regulation

 

 

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