PROBLEM AND PROSPECTS OF PERSONAL INCOME TAX COLLECTION IN THE ENUGU STATE.
On the project titled problem and prospect of personal income tax collection in Enugu state
Chapter one of this project explain the introduction of personal income tax in Nigeria by late lord lugard in the year 1904, this establishment was made in northern Nigeria but finally has come to stay in Nigeria as a whole. This tax was made pompously that many Nigerians paid their taxes in kind by rendering free services of different nature. It equally spells out some problems and public enumerated include:
a) Inadequate public enlightenment on taxpayers.
b) Lack of appropriate incentive to officials, while prospect of the project arises from.
c) The appointment of employers as ‘’pay as you earn agent to ensure that personal income access directly.
d) Tax authorities should also direct business men, to ensure that they send audited account so that they are properly assessed
More so, the rest chapters enumerate the imposition of taxes in various areas of the country and the difficulties or problem encount or by the tax authority and already provided solutions, which if adequately carried out by the board of internal revenue the formerly listed problem that militate against personal income tax collection in Enugu state will totally eradiate completely.
TITLE PAGE ……………………………….1
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF STUDY
1.4 SIGNIFICANT OF STUDY
1.5 DELIMITATION AND SCOPE
1.6 DEFINITION OF TERMS
REVIEW OF RELATED STUDY REFERENCE
2.0 RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY
3.1 SOURCES OF DATA PRIMARY
3.0 SUMMARY AND FINDINGS
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
A tax could be defined as a compulsory payment levied on individuals by government for paying a specific percentage of their earning or a specified amount in order to raise revenue for development purposes. A tax according to Agyei (1983) could also be defined as the transfer of resources from the private to the public sector in order to accomplish some of nations economic and social goals. Other learned educationist defines tax from his or her own understanding.
Well, the primary goal of developing economic growth and hence the per capital income which will lead to higher standard of living. The goals, which will be achieved with the introduction of the tax, are: provision of additional basic government services, particularly in education public health and transport, which are imperative for the growth of the rest of the economy.
Income tax was first introduced in the year 1904 by late lord lugard in Nigeria when community tax becomes operative in northern Nigeria. Formally, Nigerians cheerfully paid their taxes in kind by rendering free services such as learning the bush, digging pit toilets, wells etc. for the benefit of the community as a whole. Failure to render such service usually resulted in seizure of property, which mighty be reclaimed on payment of money.
In 1917, lord lugard made certain changes, which eliminated in the native revenue ordinances. It was the 1972 ordinance that was extended to the eastern Nigeria in 1928. The still opposition was also made, at the end of 1929. Chief okugo of okpoko carried out the instruction laid down by that British admmistration on a new way of taxation will be introduced. It’s introduction later culminated in Aba women riot against the British administration (w.s. okeke 1987).
Meanwhile, in the year 1799, taxation was introduced in Britain by the former king William pit as a means of raising revenue and catering for government expenditure. Income tax was effective in northern Nigeria but finally has come to stay in Nigeria today. The raise man fiscal commission of 1958 recommended the introduction of basic principle for, taxing income persons other than companies. This recommendation was embodied in the Nigeria constitution order in council, 1960 and which forms the basis of income tax management act of 1961. By the virtue of edict in 1970, the board of internal revenue came into being. In effect, the board is the organ charged with the carrying out board-based policies of tax administration in Enugu state.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM:
This work is concerned with Enugu, finding out the problem and prospect of income tax collection. In discussing the problems of personal income tax well, these problems hinder the provision of various services ranging from security to economic services for the citizens. Though the funds, which would have been collected, are not available to the government thereby, creating instability of the economy.
Well, those problems could be easily enumerated as bellow:
i. Lack of staff and input such as stationery vehicles and effective legislation to cover the tax officials.
ii. Lack of appropriate incentive to officials,
iii. Inadequate public enlightenment on taxpayers.
iv. Lack of adequate information of taxpayers source of income.
v. Some tax payers are not prepared to pay their tax at will, unless they are forced which give rise to their coming.