Kerosene is a petroleum distillate having a flash point of 380c and density of 0.82ca and mainly used as an. Illuminant when burned and a wick as well as in cooking stove and as solvent in process industries. The sulphur content of illuminating oil varies greatly with the type of oil and the lese to which it is to be put into. In general, sulphur or content is important only when oil is to be burned under conditions where the sulphur dioxide that may evolve in the course of combustion must be limited or reduced. This could be found lamps and heating equipments. At maximum, the sulphur content specification for kerosene is 0.13%
Light odourless paraffin’s can be the primary product used specially as non- aromatic solvents. This apparently is extensively used in paint and gerosol industries. Consequently light odourless kerosene is also used in aviation turbines and jet fuel for air crafts. Jet fuel is simple kerosene which has been subjected to appropriate treatment to remove the impurities. Such impurities include mercaptans sulphur, hydrogen sulphide (H2S) gum etc. this impurities can be detected in the petroleum products using standard test methods which are extensive elaborated in this work and however removal of these impurities using chemical method. Some of the test methods include, colour indicate method, potentiomentric method mostly applied in kerosene aviation turbine and distillate fuels etc.
Among others in removal of these impurities mostly mercaptan sulphur in kerosene the following regents in colour indicator method are used. Then included silver Nitrate (A2N03) 0.LN, Ammonium thiocerante (NH4 CNS) 0.025N ferric Ammonium sulphate indicator (ALUM) etc