Assessment Of Drug Therapy Problems And Contributing Factors Among Adults Admitted To Tirunesh Beijing General Hospital Addis Ababa Ethiopia

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The philosophy of pharmaceutical care (PC) is the sum of responsibilities of the pharmacist to meet all of the patient’s drug-therapy needs through direct patient care and cooperation with other facets of the health care. It is important to avoid drug therapy problems (DTPs) as they may cause morbidity and mortality, reduce quality of life and increase health expenses for the patient and for society. This study aimed to assess DTPs and associated factors among adults admitted to Tirunesh Beijing General Hospital. A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted on 220 adults admitted to medical ward of TBGH. Cippole`s DTPs classification system was used for identification, intervention and documentation of DTPs. Thirty-eight percent of patients encountered at least one DTP and 298 DTPs were identified in 177 patients (104 males and 73 females) with prevalence of 80%. Out of 1467 drugs prescribed, 62 drugs were significantly associated with the occurrence of DTPs. ‘‘Needs additional drug therapy” (36.9%), was the most frequently identified DTPs followed by ‘‘inappropriate dose’’ (19.8%) and “noncompliance” (19.5%). Hospital stay more than seven days (AOR=3, 95% CI:1.394-5.843; p=0.004) and polypharmacy (AOR=2, 95% CI: 1.168-5.287; p=0.019) were potential risk factors for the occurrence of DTPs. In conclusion, there is high prevalence of DTPs, with the most frequent one being needs additional drug therapy followed by inappropriate drug therapy and noncompliance. Polypharmacy and number of hospital stay were potential risk factors for the occurrence of DTPs. In recommendation, all stake holders should work in collaboration to combat drug therapy problems as it poses harm and poor quality life to patients and great attention should be given for those drugs which are associated with the occurrence of DTPs.

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Assessment Of Drug Therapy Problems And Contributing Factors Among Adults Admitted To Tirunesh Beijing General Hospital Addis Ababa Ethiopia

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