Poverty has been a serious problem facing all society over the years. This paper critically analyses the problems associated with poverty over the education of the citizens. It also analyses the causes of poverty and the various programme put in place for poverty alleviation such as family economic advancement. (FEAP) and poverty alleviation programme (pap) and various forms in which government has interfered. The question is how far have these programmes served as veritable instrument of poverty alleviation in the country? This paper suggests that even though these measures have not achieved much as poverty alleviation instruments because of their operations deficiencies, they are nonetheless good instruments that could be improved upon. This research also has found out that the increase of the crime wave is as a result of the frustration that the poor get from their deprivation of education by poverty. Workable and feasible solutions have been proffered for the problems on educational sector so that qualitative education of the citizens could be attained.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Title of page i
Approval page ii
Table of Contents viii
1.0 Introduction 1
1.1 The background of the study 4
1.2 Statement of the problem 6
1.3 Purpose of the study 8
1.4 Significance of the study 9
1.5 Research questions 11
1.6 Scope of the study 12
1.7 Definition of term 13
2.1 Review of related literature 15
2.2 Causes of poverty in the society 19
2.3 The effective of poverty on educational development of the citizens 22
2.4 Efforts to alleviate poverty 26
2.5 Summary of literature review 30
3.0 Brief outline of the study 32
3.1 Design of the study 33
3.2 Area of study 33
3.3 Population of the study 33
3.4 Sample of the study 35
3.5 Instrument for data collection 35
3.6 Method of data collection 35
3.7 Validity of instrument 36
3.8 Distribution and retrieval of the instrument 36
3.8 Data analysis technique
Presentation and Analysis of Data
4.1 Presentation and data/findings
4.2 Data analysis interpretation /Discussion of finding
5.4 Suggestions for further studies
Formal education in Nigeria has been as old as the coming of the colonial masters. Its existence is not mysterious. They came in which the intention of extending their support administration, religion and culture to west African countries and also with the pretext for engaging in commercial activities with the inhabitants of those countries.
When they came to the shores of those countries e.g Nigeria, they were unfortunately unable to communicate with the people in their language. They decide to teach the people the way of their life, their language. So some agreed with them and it makes those that agreed to be wiser than those that rejected the idea.
Since the formal introduction of education, it has been identified by some beneficiaries that education is a librating force, librating people from the crunches of illiteracy, superstition, inferiority complex and other barbaric actions. But inspite of all these advantages bequeathed to us by education, it has been infested and confronted with so many problems which among them include poverty.
Poverty has completely crippled the development of education in Nigeria. Right from time when education was formally established in the country with the imposition of some little amount of money on each student, many people who would have become the ambassadors and policy makers of this our country could not afford to pay such money then and it has absolutely jeopardized their future. The education at that time was left for few who were privileged to be born into royal family who were engaged in shabby business of slave trade or the family of wealthy farmers who supplies the European traders the raw materials they were looking for.
Rather, the government identified that it has a very big role to play about the education of its citizens. It was observed that the richness and greatness of country depend on the qualitative and quantitative education given to the citizens. Now, the government has been turned out to be an obstacle to education by one allotting a reasonable percentage of its revenue to the education of the citizens considering their improverished state.
The international communities have considered the plight of the citizens of the developing countries on their educational development and the difficulties poverty has posed on it. This can be manifestly seen through the activities of the UNICEF, an organ of the world body U.N.O. This therefore, examined the incidence on poverty educational development of the Nigeria citizens. Using Federal Polytechnic Idah student as a case study.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The Federal Polytechnic Idah, Kogi state was established in year 1992 through the collective effort of the community as a self help project. It is located in the town Lokoja in the Idah local government area of Kogi state.
The concept, planning and establishment of the tertiary institution of learning were executed through the supported of the ministry of justice.
Initially, the institution was approved by the Kwara state governor as a college of arts and science in 1785. Then, in August 29, 1986, it was upgraded to college of arts, science and technology.
Later, in year 27th August 1991, Kogi state was created out from the Kwara state, so the institution now is under Kogi state (in 1991)
In 1992 the state government got the federal government approval to upgrade the state polytechnic Idah to federal polytechnic Idah. The government or governor on administration in that year (1992) was Alhaji Abubakar Audu.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The yardstick to measure the extent of the educational development of the citizen depends on the reasoning ability of the people. The behaviour, the approach to solving problems and the physical appearance of the citizens.
It is obvious that education is very essential especially now that almost everybody wants to be educated and enlightened. Many people want to be literate so as to be able to be informed because he who is not informed is definitely deformed and he who is deformed is abnormal.
Poverty as a problem does not go alone. It goes with numerous problem that could be completely inextricable from. It drags some other problem along such as mal-nutrition, low standard of living, shabby and tattered diseases. In other words all these problem hinges on poverty.
Moreover, with the observation of this problem, Baba Danjuma (2002) viewed that “the pauper lacks the resources to send his child to school. And even in communities where education is free, the pauper child still faces an uphill task because the hunger of the body impedes the proper nourishment of the mind”. From the above explanation, it could be seen that poverty hinders the proper growth and development of children intellectually, educationally, psychologically and otherwise.
Persons who have low per capital income will have their educational development impaired as they cannot have access to those things that make life worth a living. This study delved into how poverty affects educational development of the Nigerian citizen with a view to finding solution to it