Differential Adaptation And Inter-ethnic Interactionthe Resettlement Of Konso Farmers In The Land Of The Bodi Agro-pastoralistssouthwest Ethiopia

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The "Salamago Resettlement Scheme" is one of the several state-sponsored resettlementrnschemes undertaken by the Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Regional Statern(SNNPRS) since 2003. In government documents, the scheme is also called "Guyo-DakubarnResettlement," named after one of the six resettlement villages (the administrative center)rnestablished by the program. However, I have chosen to call it "Salamago resettlement" afterrnthe name of the host woreda (district). I preferred to use "Salamago" since it is morernofficial and well-known name in the area.rnThe study has tried to show that the Salamago Resettlement is underway having somernpositive features but riddled with a series of setbacks and replete with a host of problems.rnThe existence of a significant number of self-motivated and determined resettlers is anrnimportant advantage of the scheme. The resettlers who belong to the hard workingrncommunity of the Konso ethnic group are also famous for their traditional soil conservationrnsystem (terracing). Moreover, the sanction of the free movement of resettlers coupled withrnthe proximity between the resettlement area and their area of origin enabled them tornmaintain their contact with their area of origin. This is, of course, one of the distinctrnfeatures of the present resettlement program (from Salamago resettlement perspectives)rnfrom the past (military regime) resettlement experience. The suitability of the area forrnhuman habitation is also another important advantage of the area.rnThe above positive aspects of Salamago Resettlement shows that the scheme could have arnbetter prospects if it would have been supported by proper feasibility study, practicallyrnobserved criteria for selection of resettlers, sound planning and adequate inputs. In actualrnfact, however, similar to past resettlement experience in the country, the scheme hasrnsuffered from rushed out feasibility study, poorly observed selection criteria, unsoundrnplanning and inadequate inputs. As a result, deadly conflicts between resettlers and hostrncommunities are occurred. Moreover, large number of resettlers, 756 heads households outrnof a total of 2897 heads of households, which is about 26 percent, abandoned thernresettlement area in the last 20 months following their arrival in January 2004.

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Differential Adaptation And Inter-ethnic Interactionthe Resettlement Of Konso Farmers In The Land Of The Bodi Agro-pastoralistssouthwest Ethiopia

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