Differential Adaptation And Inter-ethnic Interaction The Resettlement Of Konso Farmers In The Land Of The 8001 Agro-pastoralists Southwest Ethiopia

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The rn"Salamago Resettlement Scheme" is one of the several state sponsored rnrrnernsrnettlrnernmrnent rnschemes undertaken by the Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Regional State (SNNPRS) since 2003. In government documents, the scheme is also called "Guyo-Dakuba rnResettlement," named after one of the six resettlement villages (the administrative center) rnestablished by the program. However, I have chosen to call it rn"Salamago resettlement" aftrner rnthe name of the host woreda (district). I preferred to use "Salamago" since it rnis more rnofficial and well-known name in the area. rnThe study has tried to show that the Salamago Resettlement is underway having some rnpositive features but riddled with a series of setbacks and replete with a host of problems. rnThe existence of a significant number of self-motivated and determined resrnettlrnernrs rnis an rnimportant advantage of the scheme. The resettlers who belong to the hard working rncommunity of the Konso ethnic group are also famous for their traditional soil conservation rnsystem (terracing). Moreover, the sanction of the free movement of resettlers coupled with rnthe proximity between the resettlement area and their area of origin enabled them to rnmaintain their contact with their area of origin. This is, of course, one of the distinct rnfeatures of the present resettlement program (from Salamago rernsettlement perspectives) rnfrom the past (military regime) resettlement experience. The suitability of the area for human habitation is also another important advantage of the area. The above positive aspects of Salamago Resettlement shows that the scheme could have a better prospects if it would have been supported by proper feasibility study, practically observed criteria for selection of resettlers, sound planning and adequate inputs. In actual fact, however, similar to past resettlement experience in the country, the scheme has suffered from rushed out feasibility study, poorly observed selection criteria, unsound rnplanning and inadequate inputs. As a result, deadly conflicts between resettlers and host rncommunities are occurred. Moreover, large number of resettlers, 756 heads households out rnof a total of 2897 heads of households, which is about 26 percent, abandoned the rnresettlement area in the last 20 months following their arrival in rnJrnanuary 2004.

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Differential Adaptation And Inter-ethnic Interaction The Resettlement Of Konso Farmers In The Land Of The 8001 Agro-pastoralists Southwest Ethiopia

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