Cost Control And Its Effect In The Manufacturing Industries (a Case Study Of Chisco Bakery Industries

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COST CONTROL AND ITS EFFECT IN THE MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES

(A CASE STUDY OF CHISCO BAKERY INDUSTRIES

ENUGU)

ABSTRACT

 

Maximization of profit is the pursuit of every business organization profit itself is the excess of revenue over expenditure. To obtain profit, increase in selling price of the product or reduction in the cost of production is inevitable. Since excessive price increase is dreaded by the public, it becomes necessary to achieve the business objective through controlling the cost production each product.

This project was therefore undertaken to give actual background on cost control measure, the heed for the control, cost items to be controlled and effect of uncontrolled cost of production on the organization, using Chisco Bakery industry Enugu as a case study.

According to the study, uncontrolled cost could lead to higher operating costs, lower profit marginal and dissatisfaction to the chairman of the company.

Using questionnaire methods it was found that cost could be controlled in different manufacturing areas such as material, labour and overheads. Also discussed was the major finding that the company had not been able to produce to its installed capacity, it employed a system of remuneration that guarantied a fixed salary and its production.

More ever, The use of standard costing has been advocated because, it will avail the company the opportunity of comparing actual cost with standard in order to check unnecessary various and also to make for easier interpretation of management reports.


TABLE OF CONTENT

 

Title page

Approval page

Dedication

Acknowledgment

Table of content

List of table

Abstract

 

CHAPTER ONE

1.1                Background of the study

1.2                Statement of the problem

1.3                Objectives of research

1.4                Scope and delimitation of the study

1.5                Research questions

1.6                Significance of study

1.7                Definition of terms.

CHAPTER TWO

2.0                Literature review

2.1         Introductions

2.2                Overview of cost control

2.3                 Cost reduction

2.4                Cost control

2.5                Characteristic of cost control

2.6                Controlling cost in an organization

2.7                Labour cost control

2.8                Overhead control

2.9                Cost control techniques

 

CHAPTER THREE

3.1                Research design

3.2                Area of study

3.3                Population

3.4                Sample and sampling techniques

3.5                Research instrument

3.6                Reliability validity of instrument

3.7                Method of data collection

3.8                Method of Data analysis

 

CHAPTER FOUR

4.1                Data analysis

4.2                Costing system

4.3                 Material control

4.4                Labour control

4.5                Overhead control

4.6                Budgetary control

4.7                Number of questionnaire distributed

 

CHAPTER FIVE

5.1                 Findings

5.2                  Recommendation

5.3            Conclusion

5.4            Suggestion for further research

5.5            Implication of the research result

5.6                  Limitation of the study

5.7            Discussion of the result.

Reference      

 
LIST OF TABLES

 

TABLE 4:1The Effect of staff strength of the company

TABLE 4:2: Showing the type of costing technique Employed.

TABLE 4:3:showing how bin card kept in respect of all good.

TABLE 4:4:The Ordering and carrying of goods.

TABLE 4: 5:        Showing how Overhead is absorbed by the firm.   

 

CHAPTER ONE

 

INTRODUCTION

1.1                        BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

With the attendant development in Hi tech material souring and government economic policies, manufacturing sector is becoming more complex and completive as day price of our locally manufactured goods is of public concern. The increase in prices of our attributed to high cost of production of goods. It is therefore for this reason that the need for control arose. Beside the government policy of privatization and commercialization calls for preparedness on the part of manufacturing sector to square up for the stiff  competition.

Cost control becomes imperative when one looks at the objectives of firms which among other thing include making as much profit as possible to satisfy the investors, becomes a good corporate entity to customers, government, local community and other external members. All these arms are tied to the cost control measures.

 Cost control be done in two ways:

Operating and accounting controls.

          Controlling cost through personal observation and supervision of operations does operating control. Such control attempts to minimize wasted other costs. And accounting control on the other hand entails the creation of a system of recording, which will establish accountability for cost that is comprise with standard. It is therefore against this background that this study and attempts to critically X – ray the effects of cost control in a manufacturing organization or company.

            Metro best international is a bakery which engages in the baking of high quality bread-Chisco bread. There product is highly competitive in Enugu and

 

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