Effectiveness Of Credit Guidelines Asan Instrument Of Monetary Policy In Nigeria.

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EFFECTIVENESS OF CREDIT GUIDELINES ASAN INSTRUMENT OF MONETARY POLICY IN NIGERIA.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

TITLE PAGE                                                                 II

APPROVAL PAGE                                                       III

DEDICATION                                                               IV

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT                                             V

ABSTRACT                                                                 

TABLE OF CONTENTS                                                        VI

 

CHAPTER ONE:

1.0     INTRODUCTION                                                         1

1.1            BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY                     1

1.2            STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM                    3

1.3            OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY                                     4

1.4            SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY                     6

1.5            LIMITATION OF THE STUDY                          6

REFERENCE                                                      8

 

 

CHAPTER TWO:

2.0            REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE            9

2.1            GENERAL REVIEW                                 9

2.2            OBJECTIVE OF CREDIT POLICY GUIDELINES16

2.3            INSTRUMENTS OF CREDIT GUIDELINES 19

2.4            CREDIT GUIDELINES “HISTORICAL

 PERSPECTIVES                                                22

REFERENCE                                             27

         

CHAPTER THREE

3.0            RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY29

3.1     SOURCES OF DATA                                         29

3.2            LOCATION OF DATA                                       30

 

CHAPTER FOUR

4.1            FINDINGS                                                           31

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0     RECOMMENDATION AND CONCLUSIONS  35

5.1            RECOMMENDATION                                        35

5.2            CONCLUSIONS                                                  37

BIBLIOGRAPHY                                                          39


CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1                        BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

          One important factor affecting the level of economic activities in any economy is change in supply.  These changed affects directly the rate of spending by the citizen of the country.  It is therefore, because of the economic importance of monetary that the monetary authorities has devoted time and resources towards money management with a view of reaping the benefits inherent therein.

          The credit guideline, which is my topic of study, has formed the apex instrument used by monetary authorities in Nigeria to influence economic activities.  The guidelines are informed of central bank of Nigeria monetary policy circulars prescribing sectoral and aggregate increase and decreasing in credits by the commercial and merchant banks.

          According to Anyanwu J.A. (1998) the credit guidelines can be used to regulate the pace and content of economic in an economy.  This involves authorities interference with the volume and direction of credit by the commercial and merchant banks to those sectors of the economy.  This is why the government divided the economy into major sectors, the preferred or high priority sector and the less preferred or high priority sector and the less preferred or “others” sector.

          The preferred sector comprises of agricultural industrial or manufacturing enterprises residential building construction, exports and essentials services sub-sectors.

          The government has since the introduction of the credit guidelines in 1964, being urging banks to grant more credit facilities to this sector or order to boost the rate of economic development in the country.  The less preferred sector of the economy also comprises of general commerce, government and “others”.  Government also urges the banks to allocate less funds or exercise restraint in granting loans and advances to this sectors because of the affects it this sectors because of the affects it would have no the general price level.

 

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