LARGE SCALE PRODUCTION OF RICE AND BEANS AND ECONOMIC GROWTH OF KOGI STATE
(A CASE STUDY OF OMALAR LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA)
This study evaluate the “Large production of rice and beans and the economic growth of Kogi State”. The specific objective were to: Ascertain the socio-economic characteristics and importance of “large scale of production of rice and beans and the economic growth of Kogi State”. Profitability of rice and beans and identify the major constrain to the production of beans and rice in Kogi State, and Nigeria as a whole unit. 60 respondence were selected and choosen for this intellectual work projecting the “large reduction of rice and beans and the economic growth of Kogi State and Nigeria and the economic growth of the state”. Well structured and validate questionnaires were administer to obtain information presentation from the state department on agriculture matters. Simple statistical description were used for presentation and better understanding at any point. Like so many challenges were faced such as time factor, fatigque warding of some information by some respondent, most importantly lack of financial stability caused a major set back for some information to be obtained and recorded. From the major findings, it was recommended that government should provide effective and efficient road network, than to provide an effective storage facilities.
1.1 Background of the Study
Agriculture is a major branch of the economy in Nigeria, that have provided employment of 70% in of the population. The sector is being transformed by commercialization at the small, medium and large scale production including major crops like beans and rice.
Large scale production of rice and beans, is the production of rice and beans in large quantities, which include the cultivation of land or ground and planting seedlings through to the tune of harvesting, storage and finally to the large final consumer.
Rice is household food, it is wheat, rice is used has special meal such as Zn occasions is the order of the day. Nomatter how small or big an occasion in Africa there must be some sort of cooked rice, in variety of ways, rice contained carbohydrate and starchy in nutrient.
Beans is a common name for large plant seeds used for human food or animal feed for several general of the family that gives protein in the body and used for different food processes.
The large scale production of beans and rice has brought great economic growth to Kogi state.
First and foremost, the production of bean and rice has been able to provide employment in the state of Kogi state, where one sees unemployed graduates and other uneducated human, going into production of rice and beans, because in every stages of its germination a labour force or human intervention is needed to make the growth of beans and rice stable and healthy, such as labour force needed for its cultivation and harvesting, and the transportation plus its storage.
Has it increases employment, it increases the G.D.P. of the country Nigeria, because it increases the income generation of the state, with making the state less dependent on the federal government, has the domestic income of the state increases, it helps the government provide basic and essential amenities and facilities to people of the state.
Large scale production of rice and beans has increased the economic growth of Kogi state, in such a way that the standard of living is high and less purchasing power on power on food is obtained and effective. The cost of living is less in Kogi state, because of the large scale of rice and beans production, make life easier for the people of the state.
Kogi state has become an international trading state where international company come and establish their subsidiaries, which the aim of making products out of the large, production of rice and beans, the same the making exportation of these products to the foreign countries with the interest in rice and beans bringing foreign currencies to state of Kogi.
1.2 Statement of Research Problems
Problem definition is the most important part of a research and a statement of problem verse elaborate upon the information implied in the title of the research.
One of the greatest challenges facing the production of rice and beans on large scale and its economical growth effect, is the increasing incidence of lack of funds.
It has in recent constituted serious problems to agriculture in Nigeria, this proper account on agriculture has been lacked and it has led to failure and subsequently failure of a great number of agriculture industry in Nigeria.
With the frequent cause of lack of proper account of the agricultural industry or lack of proper production of rice and beans in large scale in the agricultural industry today, one would begin to ask questions, thus the questions, which prompted the researchers inquisitive, mind to carry out this study, are as follows:
i) What are the contribution of production of rice and beans to the development of the state?
ii) What are the procedures that are followed in carrying out rice production in Nigeria?
iii) What roles do agriculture department or sector play as part of the state growth?
iv) What are the problems facing the production of rice?
v) Is agricultural sector effective?
1.3 Objective of Study
The study is important or undertaken to throw more light on the important of agriculture to a country or state, specifically the rice and beans production in a large scale and problems encountered in agriculture.
The study is intended to take the researcher to the study and understanding the modern rice and beans theory or agriculture theory and practice as well as examine the disparity and relationship between the work of a farmer in the agriculture industry and other industry.
The study is intended to investigate and bring out the relative importance of accounting for the agricultural industry. The study is also aimed at analyzing the causes of problems encountered in carrying out accounting for agricultural industry and its effect in Nigeria and also recommend possible solutions.
1.4 Significance of the Study
The study is of significance to state with effective agriculture sector or division so that through this research they can appreciate the relevance of agricultural sector in the state or country Nigeria.
This they can recognize it scope of operations and areas where there are problems and of course to make effort to rectify the problems. The research work can even be more of particular importance. This can also serve as an information to the following group of people..
- Business community
1.5 Scope of the Study
In studying the rice production in the agricultural industry, emphasis was led on the large scale production of rice and bean in large scale. The data collected and used in the course of this research work covers the period between 2000 – 2001.
1.6 Limitation of the Study
The study was carried out under a number of limitations the time available was grossly inadequate to carry out the research in details the research in details the researchers had tried to concentrate on areas considered very important.
The researchers visit to the school library did not prove to useful, since most of the books an agriculture specifically on the production of rice and beans has nothing or little to offer as regards to production of rice and beans in large scale production in the state or country and its effect in economic growth of the state. In an attempt by the researcher to get other write-ups on agriculture for effective growth through the large scale production of rice and beans proved abortive.
Finance of course was another constraint on this study. the researcher had problems of running around because of financial constraints caused by inflating trend in fuel prices everyday.
Finally, the officials of the state Agriculture Department in Kogi State, and other staff were reluctant to make data available because most of the data required were considered delicate and only means for the sole use of the state. However, the above limitation does not in any way affect the validity of data used in this study.
1.7 Statement of Hypothesis
A statistical hypothesis can be defined as “an assumption or statement which may or may not be concerning one or more population”.
It is a tentative statement about reality that can either be supported or reduced on the basis of collected evidence or relevant information. The above boils down to the fact that statement of hypothesis because only accepted evidence.
This study seeks to examine the following hypothesis that:
1) Ho: The success of Amala local government in Kogi state is independent on the activities of large scale production of rice and beans.
Hi: The success of Amala local government in Kogi state is not independent on the activities of large scale production of rice and beans.
2) Ho: Large scale production of rice and beans is independent on technical support.
Hi: Large scale production of rice and beans is not independent on technical support.
3) Ho: The measurement of profitability and efficiency of Amala local government is independent on large scale production of beans and rice.
Hi: The measurement of profitability and efficiency of Amala local government is not independent on large scale production of beans and rice.