Information Technology And The Changing Role Of Mass Media In Nigeria

Get the Complete Project Materials Now! ยป

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AND THE CHANGING ROLE OF MASS MEDIA IN NIGERIA

ABSTRACT

In this study, the researcher examined the impact of information technology (IT) on media development in Nigeria. Towards this end, the researcher randomly selected 78 staff of radio Nigeria and the guardian newspaper to form the study sample. The 78 members of the study sample were given 78 copies of structured questionnaires to complete. Their responses were analyzed using percentages.

 

The analyses of the responses revealed the following findings.

     i.        The use of IT resources had positively transformed to media/communication industry in Nigeria. Its areas of application in the industry include: News/Information gathering and dissemination, preparation of news items for publication and broadcasting and the express distribution of news items.

    ii.        The constraints/problems militating against the effective use of IT resources in Nigeria media industry include the following, unreliable power supply, incompetent human resources, unreliable telecommunication network and lack of adequate capital.

   iii.        These problems could be overcome through the provision of reliable power supply and telecommunication network, human resources development in the area of IT and the provision of adequate capital.

 


TABLE OF CONTENTS

                                                                                      PAGE

Title page                                                                    II

Approval page                                                            III

Dedication                                                                            IV

Acknowledgement                                                    V

Abstract                                                                       VII

Table of Contents                                                      IX

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION                                                                  1

1.1       Background of the Study                                  1

1.2       Statement of the Problem                                 7

1.3       Objectives of the Study                                              8

1.4       Research Questions                                         8

1.5       Significance of the study                                  9

1.6       Scope and Delimitation of the Study               10

1.7       Theoretical Framework                                               10

CHAPTER TWO

LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1       Information Technology (IT)-

Types and Functions                                        11

2.1.1          The Telephone                                              12

2.1.2          Facsimile (Fax) Machine                              14    

2.1.3          The Word Processor                                    17

2.1.4          The Electronic Computer                             19

2.2       Application of Information

 Technology (IT) in Nigeria                               23

2.3       Infrastructures needs for Successful

 IT Operation                                                      24

2.4       Negative Impacts of Information Technology26

2.5       The Developing Economics and

 Information Technology (IT)                                      28

CHAPTER THREE

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1       Research Method                                              32

3.2       Sources of Data                                                 33

3.3       Study of Population                                           34

3.4       Sample and Sampling Techniques                           34

3.5       Instrument for Data Collection                          34

3.6       Validity of the Instrument                                  35

3.7       Method of Data                                                  36

3.8       Method of Data Analysis                                   36

CHAPTER FOUR

DATA ANALYSIS AND RESULTS

4.1       Data Analysis                                                     37

4.1.1          Analysis of Questionnaire Data                            37

CHAPTER FIVE

SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS

5.1       Summary of Findings                                        48

5.2       Conclusions                                                       51

5.3       Recommendations                                            53

REFERENCES                                                            54

APPENDIX (THE QUESTIONNAIRE)                      58

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1       BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

Mbadugha (2000:48) defined information technology (IT) as the application of technology to information management. He stated that in recent years there has been many examples of media house in Nigeria who apply IT resources in their operations.

 

Udoma (1999:57) reported that information is an extremely valuable resource. This implies that any individuals or organization that has current and useful information is regarded as being very powerful.

 

Organizations, particularly the media houses are information processing entities. This justifies the huge investment in research development (R and D) in the area of information generation and processing, storage, retrieval and dissemination, particularly in the advance economics.

 

Information is thus jealously gathered, loaded shared freely or sold, depending upon the motive of the possessor.

In the media industry, which is characterized by high level of competition, success is to a large extent dependent on the speed and efficiency of communication.

Information technology (IT) provides near limitless possibilities of increasing the quantity and enhancing the quality, speed and availability of information in a complex but inter-dependent world of Business Communication (Anyakora, 1998:77). The idea of information technology dates back to the earliest time. The earliest form of writing (Cuneiform), for example, was invented in 35 B.C. Nwadamma (1997:78) reported that Tiro invented shorthand in 63 B.C. He equally noted that Henry Mill patented the typewriter in 1994, while the principles of the modern day facsimile (fax) transmission was patented by Brain Way Back in 1843.

Hence, as regards information technology, what is new therefore is the impressive array and sophistication of information technology resources, its increasing efficiency, reliability, speed, accuracy, cheapness, portability and ubiquity, made possible by micro processors.

The microprocessors are inexpensive, extremely efficient and miniaturized information processing units- a phenomenal invention of information technology.

 

According to Iwuoha (2000:102) the offices of the media houses of the early 1070s is a “paper and file office”. He explained that in these offices, most of the information processing, storage, retrieval and dissemination is done through paper document. He also explained that such offices are usually littered with paper and files, while documents in the office easily got destroyed or misplaced. He noted that response to paper communication during the period under discussion is therefore a costly show process and is fraught with uncertainties. He argued that all these are gradually changing particularly in the developing countries. He enumerated some of these countries/nations, and they include the following:

1.      African countries, such         -        Nigeria

                                                          South African

                                                          Republic of Benin

                                                          Cote d’ Ivoire

                                                          Zimbabwe

                                                          Botsward

                                                          Egypt

                                                          Guinea Bissan

                                                          Equitorial Guinea

                                                          Ethiopia

                                                          Ghana

                                                          Cameroon

                                                          Mali and Togo

2.      Asian countries. Eg     -        India

                                                          Parkistan

                                                          Indonesia

                                                          Bangkok

                                                          Thailand

                                                          Philippines

3.      Latin American countries eg –Colombia

                                                          Bolivia

                                                          Brazil

                                                          Venezuela

                                                          Ecuador

                                                          Chile

                                                          Peru and Argentina

 

In advanced economics (such as in USA, Britain, Japan and Canada) information technology has become more visible and more widely applied: thus revolutionizing the process of producing and reproducing data, information and knowledge, as well as distributing them.

Microprocessor- Fitted devices (products about everywhere in these countries and come in diverse configuration-wrist- watches, pocket calculators, electronic cash registers, computers and so on.

 

Thus operational activities within organization and their subsidiaries, as well as between them and their various public client; reporters, suppliers, shareholder, private and government agencies- are fast becoming and increasingly exciting experience (Okeke, 1999). Information technology (IT) is increasingly helping wake information an extremely mobile resource. Hence, for those media houses that have the facilities (that is IT resources) the world is fast shrinking into a “distance – less” wond. 

 

 

1.2       STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

The advent of information technology (IT) in Nigeria had revolutionaries the information/communication sector of the nations economy media houses and media practitioner could as a result of this, transmit messages, ideas and information between one part of the country to another, and even across the national boundaries by the application of IT resources such as the facsimile (Fax) machine, the internet as well as the use of the global system for mobile communication (GSM) in Nigeria, however people seldom appreciate the benefit of IT resources especially in the information /communication sector.

 

Then questions then are: what are the areas of application of IT resources in media communication? How does the use of IT resource affect the operational efficiency of the Nigeria media houses? What are the constraints to effective utilization of IT resources in media communication in Nigeria? These questions presented the problem that necessitated this study.

1.3       OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The objectives of this study are as follows:

     i.        To identify the various areas of application of information technology (IT) resources in media communication.

    ii.        To ascertain the effect of the used of IT resources on the operational efficiency of the Nigeria media houses.

   iii.        To identify the constraints to effective utilization of IT resources in media communication in Nigeria.

  iv.        To suggest the strategies for surmounting these constraints.

 

1.4       RESEARCH QUESTIONS

1.           This study will be guided by the following research questions: - What are the areas of application of IT resources in media communication in Nigeria?

2.           How does the use of IT resources affect the operational efficiency of the Nigeria media houses?

3.           What are the constraints to effective utilization of IT resources in media communication in Nigeria?

4.           What are the strategies for surmounting the constraints/difficulties?

 

1.5       SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The findings and recommendations of this research, if implemented will benefit both the media houses and media practitioner in Nigeria. It will expose the media houses to the vast opportunities available in the areas of IT as regards information generation and dissemination.

 

This will reduce the cost of gathering and dissemination of information by the media houses/media practitioners. It would equally increase their number of Nigerians that would have access to vital information.

 

 

1.6       SCOPE AND DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY

The scope of this research border on information technology (IT) and media development in Nigeria, the bordering of this research also extended to include the various IT resources being used by the media practitioner and media houses in Nigeria. This research is limited to the staff of the Enugu and Lagos offices of Radio Nigeria and the guardian newspaper.  

 

1.7       THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK

This focus and content of this research is predicated by the theory of inevitability of change as postulated by Faber (1979). According to this theory, the changes in technological inventions/innovations are inevitable, and when such changes occur, they tend to drive away the existing technological culture.

Get Full Work

Be the First to Share On Social


Report copyright infringement or plagiarism