ABSTRACT This research work attempt to examine the Boko Haram crisis in Nigeria and how it undermines socio-political development, with Niger State being our case study. The work has five chapters, each chapter structured in analyzing the Boko Haram crisis in Nigeria and how it affects the socio-political development of Nigeria. To do this, the researcher developed twelve (12) questions, these questions were administered in form of questionnaires to 400 people who were selected as a sample of the population primary and secondary data were used as a source of data while tables and percentages were used in organizing and presenting the data collected. The data analysis revealed that Boko Haram crisis has created so many backwardness, hatred, national disintegration and lack of unity in Nigeria. The researcher therefore recommended that for Boko Haram crisis to be prevented, the government should take adequate measures to shut down any training terrorist camps operated by the Boko Haram sect. Then, the nation will start experiencing peace, oneness, security, national unity, development and progress for the betterment of all Nigerians.
TABLE OF CONTENTS Title page i Approval page ii Dedication iii Acknowledgement iv Abstract vi Table of Contents vii CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of the study 1
1.2 Statement of the problem 5
1.3 Objective of the study 6
1.4 Significance of the study 7
1.5 Research question 7
1.6 Scope and limitation of the study 8
1.7 Operational definition of terms/Concept 9
CHAPTER TWO LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1 The meaning and history of Boko Haram 11
2.1.1 The belief of Boko Haram faithful 14 2.1.2 The achievement of Mohammed Yusuf as Boko Haram leader 15 2.1.3 The arrest, death and consequences of Mohammed Yusuf‟s death 17
2.2 Factor that led to the Boko Haram Menace 18
2.3 The effects of Boko Haram activities to the nation 23
2.4 Government efforts towards resolving the
Boko Haram Menace 36
2.5 Theoretical framework 48
CHAPTER THREE RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY
3.1 Research design and method 52
3.2 Sources of data 53
3.2.1 Primary source of data 53
3.2.2 Secondary source of data 54
3.3 Area of the study 54
3.4 Population of the study 55
3.5 Sampling technique 57
3.6 Sample size 57
3.7 Instrumentation 60
3.8 Validity of the instrument 61
3.9 Reliability of the study 63
3.10 Data collection 64
3.11 Instrument rate return (IRR) 65
CHAPTER FOUR DATA PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION
4.1 Data presentation and analysis 69
4.2 Data interpretation 70
CHAPTER FIVE SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, RECOMMEDATION AND CONCLUSION
5.1 Summary of findings 82
5.2 Conclusions 84
5.3 Recommendations 85
Bibliography 91 Appendix 95 Questionnaires 96
THE ROLE OF WOMEN IN NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT (A CASE STUDY OF IHITTE/UBOMA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA IMO STATE). BY OMEIHE UDOCHI PA/2008/196 DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION FACULTY OF MANAGEMENT AND SOCIAL SCIENCES CARITAS UNIVERSITY, AMORJI-NIKE EMENE ENUGU STATE AUGUST, 2012
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Over the years, Nigeria has experienced series of attacks and blast in most region of the country. The violent agitation by Militants in the Niger Delta region (MEND) has often led to loss of lives and properties otherwise known as “Movement for Emancipation of Niger Delta. So many spirited groups hide under this body to carry out their nefarious acts of rebellion govern the Nigerian state to express their governances over the degradations of the operation of the multinational organization. Similarly, there are groups that exist in other parts of the country and they include; the “Odua Peoples Congress (OPC) which is located in the South-West. They are often called the Afeinifere group. There exists also the “Movement for the Actualization of Sovereign State of Biafra (MASSOB), in the South-East while the „Boko Haram‟ uses the Northern part of the country as their operational base.
This research study will critically scrutinize and evaluate the activities of the latter amongst the above mentioned political and or
religious sects, because that is the thrust of this research. It can be deduced that socio-political development are instrumental to the incessant crisis that has bedeviled our beloved country „Nigeria‟ today. People are said to be poor when they experience lack of sufficient income to purchase material needs which often excludes individuals from partaking in generally accepted activities of daily life in the society at large. According to ALI MAZRUI in his „Paradox of Retardation‟, Africa is not the poorest of the regions of the world but it is the most retarded. He argued that Africans are richly endowed; as such they have no reason to be poor. In spite the fact that June 10, 2006 marked 50 years of oil exploration and production, and over & 400 billion accrued to the Nigerian state in terms of revenue, Nigeria is still referred to as one of the poorest and developing countries in the world.
Boko Haram as the name denotes, does not have one particular meaning. The name more or less connotes different meanings to different people. The group is a Nigerian Islamic group that seeks the imposition of Sharia Law throughout the whole of Nigeria. Figuratively members of this group believe that “Western education is a sin”.
Presently, the group has an undefined structure and chain of command. It is of a paramount importance to note that the official name of the group is „Jama‟ atu Ahlis Sunna, Lidda‟ await Wal-Jihad‟, which means or rather is tantamount to “People committed to the propagation of the prophet‟s teaching and Jihad”. Since its formation in 2002 in Maiduguri by the leader of the group Mohammed Yusuf, the Boko Haram has been a thorn in the flesh of Nigeria‟s security agencies, precisely the police force, over its opposition to western education that it believes is a sin. In the year 2004, the Islamic fundamentalist group relocated its base to Kanamma, Yobe State. The new location was named “Afghanistan”, and from there, the group set about attacking and leaving members of the Nigerian Police Lifeless. Almost the various crises due to bombings carried out by the Boko Haram are:
The Nigeria sectarian violence in the year 2009.
The Bauchi Prison Break on the 7th of September 2010
Abuja attack on the 31st of December, 2010
Northern Nigeria bombings on the 29th of May, 2011
Abuja Police headquarters bombing on the 16th of June, 2011.
Bombing at the All Christian Fellowship Church in Suleja, Niger State on the 10th of July, 2011.
Bombing of the Abuja United nations Building on the 26th of August, 2011.
Damaturu attacks on Friday, November 4th 2011.
St. Theresa Catholic Church attack in Madalla at Suleja, Niger State on the 25th of December 2011.
Kano attacks on 20th of January, 2012
Suicide bombing at the Army Headquarters in Kaduna on the 8th of February, 2012. Just to mention but a few.
In conclusive, having said all these at this juncture, this research work will critically analyze the two concepts i.e. Socio-political development and Boko Haram in order to create a better understanding in the minds of the readers and more so, to contribute to existing knowledge of literature.