Internal Control As A Means Of Enhancing Profitability In A Manufacturing Company. (a Case Study Of Apaco Foam And Chemical Industries Limited, Agbor, Delta State).

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INTERNAL CONTROL AS A MEANS OF ENHANCING PROFITABILITY IN A MANUFACTURING COMPANY.

(A CASE STUDY OF APACO FOAM AND CHEMICAL INDUSTRIES LIMITED, AGBOR, DELTA STATE).

ABSTRACT

Profitability is the hallmark or mainstay of any business undertaking. It is the wish of any business entity to maximize profit and maintain a resounding level of liquidity. There is no doubting the fact that this objective of profit maximized if there is no strong and adequate system of internal control.

Sequel to the above, this research work is designed to carry out an empirical study on the internal control system of Apaco foam and chemical industry limited, Agbor, Delta State and to suggest and or recommend ways that a strong and adequate internal control system can assist the company to maximize profit from its operations.

Chapter one deals with the general over-view of the research work. It shows a brief history about the company under study. Also it discloses the significance of the study, the aims and objetive and operational definition of some technical terms.

In chapter two, the research dwells on the theoretical frame work of the research topic. The chapter shows the history and development of internal control, the meaning of internal control, various types of accounting systems, the need for internal control, internal and external audit, profitability versus liquidity internal control in a computer based accounting system, among others.

Chapter three focuses on the research methodology which includes methods of data collection, population of the study, sample size, methods of data analysis etc.

In chapter four, the researcher concentrates on Data presentation, analysis and interpretation, many tables are used for analysis of data so as to validate the study and also test of hypothesis.

Finally chapter five dwells on summary of findings, recommendations and conclusion.

 

PROPOSAL

Internal control as a means of enhancing profitability in a manufacturing company.

The aim of this study is to examine the internal control system in Apaco Foam and Chemical Industries Ltd Agbor Delta State with a view to determining its efficacy in the process of profit maximization in the company. The researcher intends to exray various internal checks or control strategies applied in the company Apaco Foam and Chemical Industries    Ltd Agbor Delta State and how it has increased profitability in that company as well as promises a substantial growth and development in its commercial operations and industrial relations practice.

To successful carryout this study, the researcher intends to embark on empirical approach or research, using mainly primary data source through questionnaires (written & oral) personal observations etc.

Secondary source will be gathered through relevant documentary materials which will be used for reviews explanations or analysis of some technical terms.

The researcher intends to arrange data collected in tables and also intends to analyze the state in simple percentages. The research intends to make further explanation on the research findings and profers some recommendation, solutions and suggestions. The research intends to systematically present this work in a chapters and each step will help into verification of all aspects of internal control strategy or strategies applied into the company.

Chapter one will dwell on general over-view of the research work. It will show a brief history  about the company and it will disclose the significance of the study, the aims and objectives and operational definition of some technical terms.

Chapter two, the researcher will dwell on the theoretical frame work of the research topic the chapter will show the history and development of internal control, the meaning of internal control, various types of accounting systems, the need for internal control, internal & external audit, profitability versus liquidity internal control in a computer based accounting system.

Chapter three will focus on the research methodology which includes methods of data collection, population of the study, sample size methods of data analysis, research design.

In chapter four the researcher will concentrate on data presentation, analysis and interpretation, and test of hypothesis.

Finally chapter five will dwells on discussion of findings, recommendations and conclusion.

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENT

Title page

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgement

Proposal

Table of contents

CHAPTER ONE

1.0      Introduction

1.1          Background of the study

1.2          Statement of problems

1.3          Aims and objectives of the study

1.4          Scope of the study

1.5          Significance of the study

1.6          Hypotheses

1.7          Operational definition of terms

1.8          Limitation of the study

CHAPTER TWO

2.0      Literature review

2.1    History and development

2.2    Various views / definitions of internal control

2.3    The need for internal control system

2.4    The major objectives of internal control system

2.5    Managerial supervision and review.

2.6    The various types of accounting systems and accounting records.

2.7    The need for internal control and proper accounting records.

2.8    Internal audit

2.9    Internal check

2.10The meaning and relevance of statutory audit.

2.11Profitability versus liquidity in a business undertaking.

2.12Assessment/procedure  of internal control system.

2.13Internal control in computer bases accounting system.

2.14The limitations of internal control system.

CHAPTER THREE

3.0    Research methodology

3.1      Methods of data collection

3.2      Population of the study

3.3      Sample size

3.4      Sampling method

3.5      Methods of data analysis

3.6      Research design

3.7      Limitations of the methodology

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0      Data presentation, analysis and interpretation

4.1      Analysis of the respondents

4.2      Analysis of data

4.3      Discussion of finding

4.4      Test of hypotheses

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0      Summary of findings, recommendation and conclusion

5.1      Discussion of findings

5.2      Conclusion

5.3      Recommendation

5.4      Suggestion for further research

Appendix

Bibliography.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

1.0      INTRODUCTION

1.1   BACKROUND TO THE STUDY

internal control is the whole system of controls, financial and otherwise, established by the management, in order to carry on the business f the enterprise in an orderly and efficient manner ensure adherence to management policies, safeguard the assets and secure as far possible, the completeness and accuracy of its records.

Consequent upon the above, this research is designed to carry out an empirical study on the internal control system of Apaco Foam and Chemical Industry Limited. Agbor Delta State and to recommend and or suggest ways that a strong internal control system can assist the company to maximize profit.

Apaco Foam and Chemical Industry Limited, Agbor Delta State, was established in 1977 wish a staff strength of three (3) comprising of the Director, Mr. G.O. Muobike, his wife and one other staff. It factory and office, then was situated at Obiazikwo street, owu. Agbor in the then Bendel State which was bifurcated into Edo and Delta states. Its major business is the production of foam other by products are:

i.            Mattresses

ii.          Rug under-lays

iii.        Sheetings

iv.         Cuishons

v.           Pillows and

vi.         Shoulder pads

   The factory and office complex which is situated at No. 3 Muobike Crescent by Owa-Alero/Owa Ekei Road Boji Boji Owa Agbor, was officially commissioned on May 13th 1995 by the then military administrator of Delta State, group captain Abraham Kefas..

 

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Internal Control As A Means Of Enhancing Profitability In A Manufacturing Company.

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