Credit Analysis And Loan Management In Banking Industry

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CREDIT ANALYSIS AND LOAN MANAGEMENT IN BANKING INDUSTRY

ABSTRACT

In business transaction, granting of credit facilities is quite universal. It is an acceptable method of financial business transaction and activities. Granting credit facilities to customers is a practice that cannot be avoided as long as business is concerned, to some sensitive sectors of the economy like banking industry, granting of credit and loans constitute their major earning that means, the larger the credit facilities, the fatter the interest receivable at the same time poor assessment and analysis of credit can be devastating. The risk not withstanding, granting of loans and credit facilities enhances economic growth and development of any nation credit provides the lubricant for continuity of transaction regardless of the immediate available cash. The choice of the topic is to evaluate how effective credit analysis can be utilized to ensure survival of the national economy and grow of banking industry. The analysis of credit and loan management practice of Fidelity Bank Plc, my case study is taken through the analysis of retrieved data and personal interview with some management and of the bank.

 


TABLE OF CONTENT

Title Page       -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      i

Approval Page-      -      -      -      -      -      -            ii

Dedication      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      iii

Acknowledgment    -      -      -      -      -      -      -      iv

Abstract   -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      v

Table of Contents-  -      -      -      -      -      -      -      vi

List of table    -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      xi

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1      Background of the Study-      -      -      -      -      3

1.2      Statement of the Problem      -      -      -      -      3

1.3      Objective of the Study    -      -      -      -      -      4

1.4      Research Hypotheses     -      -      -      -      -      5

1.5      Research Question--      -      -      -      -      -      6

1.6      Significance of the Study       -      -      -      -      -      7

1.7      Scope of the Study-      -      -      7

1.8      Limitation of the Study --      -      -      -      -      8

1.9      Definition of the Terms -       -      -      -      -      -      9

CHAPTER TWO

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

CHAPTER THREE

Methodology

3.1 Research design   -  -      -      -      -      -      -      56  

3.2  Area of Study  -     -      -      -      -      -      -      57

3.3 Population of Study -      -      -      -      -      -            58  

3.4 Instrument for Data Collection-      -      -      -      -      59  

3.5 Data Analysis Techniques -     -      -      -      -      60

 

 

CHAPTER FOUR

DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS

 4.1 Present -  -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      63  

4.2 Test of hypotheses --      -      -      -      -      -      77

CHAPTER FIVE

SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1 Summary of major findings     -      -      -      -      81  

5.2 Conclusion       -      -      -      -      -      -      -            82  

5.3 Recommendations    -      -      -      -      -            84  

       Bibliography   -      -      -      -      -            -      86

       Appendix I      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      87

       Appendix II -  -      -      -      -      -      -      -      88  

 

 

LIST OF TABLE AND GRAPHS

Table 1:        Is there any laid down criteria for grant credit in your organization?

Table 2:        Is there any limits to the amount the branch can grant to a customer?

Table 3:        Is there any significant effect that the quality of staff and their experience in banks credit department have no effective credit management?

Table 4:        Is collateral/security a pre-condition for giving out loan to customers?

Table 5:        What problem does your organization encounter in their operation?

Table 6:        Do you think that efficient and effective loan management will help to retain old customers and win new ones?

Table 7:        Do your bank comprise the following lending process before giving out loan?

Table 8:        Does your bank have a credit manager?

Table 9: What is your main objective of offering credit?

Table 10: Which of the following is the chief attribute of lending?

Table 11: What kind of policy do you operate?

 


CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Credit financing could be seen as back backbones of the economy. This is because one can hardly see any business transaction without the mechanism of credit.

As financial intermediaries, banks have the function of procession, these facilities in form of loans and advances, to the deficit units of the economy to ensure equitable distribution of resources development of the real manufacturing agricultural etc loans and advances are geared to acids industrialization and development especially in an economy like ours, which is characterized by low capital base, inflation, low pre capital income and other unfavourable Economic indications.

Banking lending through the most profitable activity of the bank industry, is the most risky venture that is undertaken by the banks.

Hence, excellence in the field of lending and credit management is excellence in the fields of lending and credit management is essentially through practical experience. The key to successful lending for business is a systematic credit analysis, which deals with the process of investing those factors that give rise to non payment of debts. The efficiency of credit decision shall b all standards depend upon sound judgements of the officer or manager.

Hence to succeed, the lending officer must combine expertise and flexibility in appraisal of individuals application it is against this background that credit analysis and loan management of fidelity bank plc is evaluated to determine it impact in the economic development of the nation.

 

1.1  BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

       This research work is essential for efficient credit and loan management in the banking industry. This is because of the problems it has created. In the banking industry which has led to non compliance by some banks to the credit guidelines of the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN). Above all, given global economy these are a need to address the issue.

 

1.2  STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

i.     Lending an operation which forms the major problems area if most bank activities are inadequately highlighted by bank inspectors.

ii.    The credit files of most of the borrowing customers carry little or no information of value.

iii.   Monies are not periodically removed to the head office/branches in respect of loan and advances.

iv.   These are poor control of loans management with respect of performance of loans and advances.

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Credit Analysis And Loan Management In Banking Industry

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