Inter-ethnic Contlicts In Ethiopia The Case Of (arrayu Oromo And Argobba Groups

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Thi ' thesi ' delved it elf to explain the cau 'O ' , act r ' and dyn IIni ·s 0 Ihe Karray u- l.rgobbarnconflict. It al 'o targeted at analyzin the mi ro and ma '1'0 level approa 'he . used 10 redre.'s lhernconflict. This study i ' based on primary and 'econdary data 'our e '. The primary clala isrncollected via intervie'ws, FD, c I 'e historie and 'Y 'lematic observation. The study 11'(1.'rnconducled in three district , Minjar- henkora, Berhel and Fentale.rnThe study has found OUI that the Karrayu and Argobba p eople have both amicable andrnconflictual relat ions. Their conflict is conceived in the wombs of multifarious factors. As 'uch,rninappropriate development policy and competition over scarce re 'ources are the cardinalrneconomic fac tors in the conflict. In the political realm, la ck of good governance and thernpoliticizat ion of ethnicity, mainly a po ·t 1991 reality, have fue led the conflict. This developmentrnha transformed their conflict fro m temporal use of resources to a permanent control ofrnterritory.rn1n addition, the warrior ethos of the study people and their contemporary convergence in theirrnsocial concept of solid boundary has played a role in their conflict. The final structural cause ofrnthe conflict is issue of security, i.e. the proliferation of SALWs and question of territorialrnownership.rnApart from the structural causes there are also triggering causes in the conflict. The triggeringrnfactors which this study identified are homicides, callie raiding and rustling. drought andrnfam ine, and the role of spoilers.rn1n order to redress the stated conflict both customary and Slate centered approach has beenrnused. The once effective customary confli ct resolution has proved inadequate to redress the rootrncauses of the conflict. Its weakening is attributed to its marginalization by the state and issue ofrnterritorial ownership proved beyond its reach. Similarly the attempts made by the state did notrnbear its fru its. In this regard, the JPC, which is meant to ke ep peace in the area, has provedrnineffective in dealing with issue ofboundary.rnFinally based on its finding this study recommended that there is an imperative need to promoterncustomary conflict resolution. The community should return raided animals and handoverrnculprits to the Woreda administration. The Woreda should arrange regular avvareness creationrnforums and teach about the adverse effect of conflict. lv/o reover, the regional and federalrngovernment should control the proliferation of JlLWs. And finally the fede ral governlll eJ1lrnshould delineate the boundary of conjlictt errilOry.

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Inter-ethnic Contlicts In Ethiopia The Case Of (arrayu Oromo And Argobba Groups

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