DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF ONLINE CLEARANCE SYSTEM
Online clearance system is a research work that will help build an effective information management for schools. It is aimed at developing a system for making clearance after graduation hitch free. The designed software will serve as a more reliable and effective means of undertaking students clearance, remove all forms of delay and stress as well as enable you understand the procedures involved as well as how to do your clearance online. This project work made use of data collected from the University, materials and journals from various authors and software was developed to effectively achieve the aims of this project. In this project, the implementation of the computer-based system was carried out using PHP, CSS, APACHE and MYSQL for the database. In conclusion, the work met all the objectives intended. It is, however, recommended for use by all tertiary institutions.
Keywords: Implementation, Clearance, Software, Design, Information,
TABLE OF CONTENT
Title page i
Approval page ii
Table of content vi
1.2 Background of the study
1.3 Statement of the study
1.4 Objectives of the study
1.5 Scope of the study
1.7 Significance of the study
1.8 Definition of terms
2.1 Role of information technology in the academic system
2.2 Data and information
2.3 Computer based information systems
Description and analysis of the existing system
3.1 General analysis of the existing system
3.2 Method of data collection
3.4 Organisational structure
3.5 Input analysis
3.6 Process Analysis
3.7 Output analysis
3.8 Information flow diagram
3.9 Problems of the existing system
3.10Justification of the new system
4.1 Design standards
4.2 Output specification
4.3 Input specification and design
4.4 File design
4.5 Procedure chart
4.6 System flowcharts
4.7 System specification
4.8 Program flowcharts
SUMMARY, RECOMENDATION AND CONCLUSION
Appendix A Welcome page
1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY
Clearance is a status granted individuals, typically members of the military, university graduates and employees of governments and their contractors, allowing them access to classified information, i.e. state secrets. The term "clearance” is also sometimes used in private organizations that have a formal process to vet employees for access to sensitive information. A clearance by itself is normally not sufficient to gain access; the organization must determine that the cleared individual has a "need to know" the information. No one is supposed to be granted access to classified information solely because of rank or position, but once a clearance is obtained, access to certain information or gain of freedom will be granted.
As many universities have choosing to pursue the dynamic educational options available online. The advantages of e-learning are many. As people of all ages and backgrounds become increasingly reliant on the internet for information, online learning becomes more convenient and efficient here the need for an online clearance system. The skills needed to
access and comprehend information online are becoming commonplace, and the flexibility of wireless computing means that any coffee shop, airport or bedroom can become a classroom. Online courses, registrations, clearance have few, if any scheduling restrictions, well-integrated learning resources and competitive degree options, with an online clearance system.
The changing online college landscape now includes online clearance system, traditional undergraduate and general studies programs. However, career learning is still the most popular online training option.
1.2 STATEMENT OF STUDY
The processes of clearing students after their graduation requires that the students be cleared in various departments and information units. Among which are:
§ Library fines and overdue or lost library materials from the University
§ Departmental Dues
§ Infirmary and bookstore charges
§ Residence hall damage charges
§ Return of athletic equipment
§ Student Union Fee
§ Bursary and all other charges
For a graduating student to carry out his or her clearance from all these departments, it normally takes a lot of time and a lot of processes and delays in clearing the student for youth service as well as collection of statement of result. Hence it became imperative for an online clearance system to eliminate the shortcomings of the manual system in place.
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The objectives of this project include:
To effectively and efficiently process students clearance
To provide a reliable and transparent system devoid of personal inclinations and interest
To provide borderless access
To ensure prompt clearance
To alleviate the problems and stress of travelling and queuing up of students during clearance.
1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The project work will help in a good number of ways to ease the queuing system in the university as the online clearance system will help
students to achieve whatever they want to achieve without coming to the
various offices for clearance.
Clear advantages of Internet information processing over those of
traditional manual system are higher yields. Online clearance system allows
the users to check their clearance status as whether they are in any way
indebted to the school, fill and submit their clearance form, and obtain their
clearance letter. There are many other advantages of online clearance system
and some of them are listed below.
o It saves a lot of time.
o It is very convenient to use it right from the bedroom, office or
anywhere in the World.
o Information processing are very fast and delays can be avoided.
o It is inexpensive to students and school management.
Help the school in reducing costs such as labour and stationary.
1.5 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This research work is limited to clearance system for graduating students from Caritas University. The software developed will be carried out using HTML, Visual Basic and Ms Access to manage both the database and at the same time make the software online.
This project covers all aspect of online clearance system using Caritas University as a case study. However, the following were the constraints:
Time constraints: Due to time constraint, the web–pagedeveloped covers only clearance from various departments by the graduating students.
Financial constraints: It would cost a lot to develop a fullweb – based clearance system.
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Computer Network: Computer Network is a system that connects two ormore computers together using a communication link.
World Wide Web: World Wide Wed simply called www is the mostimportant tool of the Internet. It was created in the late
1980s in Europe and was used limitedly in academic cycle.
Clearance: Official certification of blamelessness, trustworthiness,or suitability for graduation and issue of certificates in degree course.
Databases: A systematically arranged collection of computer data,structured so that it can be automatically retrieved or manipulated. It is also called databank.
File Transfer: Any kind of computer file can be sent via the Internetfrom one Internet user to another. Table of accounts on
spreadsheets, design by a graphic artists, music sound files etc, can all be exchanged in this way.
Web Brower: This is a special kind of software that processes hypertextmake-up language (HTML) document. In other words, a web browser is a computer program that interprets HTML
command to collect, arranged and display the parts of a web page.
Web Site: A website is a collection of many interconnected web pagesorganized by a specific college, organization company etc, containing web pages (good and commodities) on the Internet. Web site are stored on web servers. There are many web site and thousand of HTML pages on each web site. A web site is a treasure of information and entertainment.
Hyperlinks: Hyperlinks are highlighted words and phrase you find on webdocuments that you can click on as to jump to some other documents or Internet services.
Online: Connected via a computer attached to or available via a centralcomputer network.
Offline: Disconnected from computer network; describes a computer
terminal or peripheral device disconnected from a computer
System: Set of computer components that is, an assembling of hardware,
software and peripherals functioning together.