THE PROBLEM OF FINANCING GOVERNMENT CORPORATIONS (A CASE STUDY OF TRACAS)
This research was carried out problem of Financial of Financing Government Corporation and a particular reference with TRACAS, while carrying out this research work these are the areas that this research work concentrated. The first chapter is the introductory part of the research work. This chapter also contains the background of the study, statement of problems, research question etc. Data for the study was sourced from two main source, which include primary data: Questionnaire and oral interviews were used to collect information from the respondents. Secondary data: Journals, Magazine and other relevant materials relative to the area of my investigation will be review. Extensive Literature review was carried out on direct Literature and indirect literature on books, journals and past works. The research instrument used in this study includes oral interview and questionnaire. The questionnaire is structural as to contain both close and open ended question. Simple tables, pie-charts and percentages were used in treatment of data while chi-square was used in the research work. Based on the findings, conclusions were drawn and recommendations were also in the last chapter of this work which is the fifth chapter.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Table of contents
List of tables
List of figures
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of the Study
1.2 Statement of the Problem
1.3 Objective of the Study
1.5 Research Questions
1.6 Significance of the study
1.7 Scope of the study
1.8 Limitation of the study
1.9 Definition of terms
CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
2.1 Over view of Government Corporation Finance
2.2 Characteristics of public Corporation
2.3 Reason for the Establishment of Public Corporation
2.4 Reason for the poor Performance/inefficiency of public corporation in Nigeria
2.5 Measure for improving the performance and productivity public corporation in Nigeria
2.6 Problems encountered by public corporations
2.7 Classification of public corporation
2.8 Advantages of public corporation
2.9 Disadvantages of public corporation
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH DESIGN & METHODS
3.1 Research Design
3.2 Area of study
3.3 Population of study
3.4 Sampling method
3.5 Research Instrumentation
3.6 Validity and reliability of research instruments
3.7 Source of data
3.8 Method of investigation
CHAPTER FOUR: PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA
4.1 Presentation and Analysis of Results
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY OF FINDINGS/CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
Bibliography or References
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Directorial improprieties in public corporation is expressed most frequently in terms of misrepresentations in financial statement of such corporations.
Manipulations in the stock exchange, commercial bribery of public officials directly or indirectly, in order to secure favourable contracts. Embezzlement and misapplication of funds etc. these varied types of directorial criminality consist principally of violation of delegated or implied trust which can be reduced into two categories: misrepresentation of asset values the financial loss from directorial criminality high as it is, does not, match the damage to social relations, resulting from mis government to social relations Directorial Criminality and mismanagement, thus violate trust and creates distrust. Directorial improprieties, through has civil implications is crime in real sense since it is a violation of criminal law. And again because corporate law is widely believed to be titled against shareholders of corporations and because. It is no more anomalous that shareholders do not manage or control them corporations and because directorial improprieties leads to bankruptcy criminal law has responded by providing appropriate machinery for control of the income of the public corporations.
However, rising corruption, management inefficiencies over staffing (without due regard to their economic viability, many governments treated PES as easy conduits for job creation and a convenient vehicle for patronage distribution), Inflation and rising serious “government failures” and the limits of PES as major players in economic development. In addition to management deficits many PES also suffered from technological short comings.
Imported through either foreign aid or soft loans from abroad, many of the PES were either equipped with low or second grade machineries contributing to low capital/output ratio, were established without due regard to their economic and financial sustainability.
Historically, the federal government has been involved in few commercial enterprises. There were some early instances of the federal government participating in otherwise private corporate enterprises on a shared ownership basis.
Heaving after the federal government has tended to avoid sharing ownership with private entities. The first time the federal government acquired a corporation out right occurred in 1903.
Since then a number of corporate bodies have been established as part of the federal government with growth in that number tending to come in spurts and generally in response to emergencies. The first large-scale use of the corporate option accompanied the mobilization for World War 1.
Later, the Depression of the 1930s fostered numerous corporations (e.g The Reconstruction Finance Corporation, and the Tennessee Valley Authority) finally, World War 2 prompted the establishment of additional federal corporations.
After the passing of each of these emergencies, many of the corporation that dealt with them were abolished or absorbed into the permanent executive branch agencies.
In 1945, partly in response to the proliferation of corporate bodies created for the war effort. Congress passed the Government corporation control (GCCA, 59stat. 841.)
The act standardized budget, auditing, debt management and depository practices for corporations. Not with standing unusual provisions that may be present in their enabling statute, government corporations remain ordinary agencies and hence subject to all laws governing agencies, except where exempted from coverage by provisions of g7eneral management laws.
The GCCA is not a general incorporation act such as is in effect in the states.
The charter for each federal government corporation is the separate enabling legislation passed by congress.
The GCCA also does not offer a general definition of what constitutes a government corporation.
It simply enumerates the organizations covered by the act.
In addition to the enumeration of corporation in the GCCA, there have been several other listing of corporations available, each different and based upon the definition employed by the compiler.
The corporations cover the spectrum from such large, well known corporations as Nigeria postal services well known corporations as Nigeria postal services and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation to such small, low visibility corporate bodies as the Federal Financing Bank and
Federal prison industries (UNICOR).
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The problem facing government parastatals are of difference factors.
The major of which is then lack of adequate financing. Due to inadequate fund, government parastatal tends to operate at a low capacity or inefficiency thus making service being rendered to the general public poor.
Transport company of Anambra state for instance has been having problem of financing: is it because government does the poor financing effect ,their earring for transportation and other sources of revenue is it because of poor state of economy that government earning from both domestic and foreign sources were affected, and government subvention to corporation were fell drastically?
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of this study is to know the financing problem of government corporation, which actually have hindered their efficiency and profitability and way it can be solved.
i. To determine if commercial bank finance the activities of transport company of Anambra state.
ii. To determine if high interest rate charged by commercial bank affect the loan seeking habit of transport company of Anambra state.
iii. To find out if the adequate financing of transport company of Anambra state have any effect on the level of its services rendered to customers.
iv. To find out if government corporation experience any financial problem.
1.4 RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS
H0: Commercial bank do not finance the activities of transport company of Anambra state.
H1: Commercial banks the activities of transport company of Anambra state.
H0: The higher interest rate charged by commercial banks do not affect transport company of Anambra state in obtaining loans.
H1: The higher interest rate charged by commercial banks affect transport company of Anambra state in obtaining loans.
1.5 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
From the fore going. This study will provide the answers to the following question
i. Does commercial bank finance the activities of transport company of Anambra state.
ii. Does the high, interest charged by commercial bank affect the loan seeking habit of transport company of Anambra state.
iii. Does adequate financing of (TRACAS) have any effect on the level of its services rendered to customers.
iv. Does government co-operation experience any financial problems.
1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The significance of this research study tends to enrich the researcher with unraveling the funding problems of the corporation (TRACAS) in particular and other corporations in general.
It is significant to study the aspect of commercial funding of TRACAS since lack of finding will militate against the operations of the corporation and hence the general public who are the beneficiaries of TRACAS will be left unsatisfied.
It is also of significant to study this aspect of research because lack of funding will ground operations in transport company of a Anambra state.
This will make members of the staff vedundant. TRACAS as we all know play an important function in providing means of transportation for the corporation, to go out of operation due to lack of adequate funding will be a big below to the state government.
1.7 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The study covers the various sources of financing TRACAS AND OTHER PUBLIC CORPORATION IN Anambra state like Anambra Broad Casting Service.
The study will examine the corporation invested turnover, profitability and viability. It will determine if the funding of these corporations has been adequate or not suggestion is to be made on means of improving on the corporation financing.
1.8 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
However, in the work of this nature, there are bound to be limitation to the extent of work and information contained here in. Even though some of these problems appear simple, they reduced the speed of carrying out the research as well as reduced reduce the accuracy of the work. These limitations are as follows:
a. Time constraint: Owing to the fact that all human activities are subject to some limited factors like time, which cannot be over emphasized. I can not obtain all the information needed to carryout these study due to the time allocated to the research work is very short.
b. Unavailability of data: the lack of adequate data will also affect this study. Some of the data are neither easily released or not released at all by those who have them. The answers to the interviews might either be biased or neglected wholly.
c. Financial problem: Financial problem and economic hardship has effect on the citizen of Nigeria so much that parents cannot afford to support their children financially. Due to this problem, I will not be able to travel as I intended.
1.9 DEFINITION OF TERMS
1. Financing can be defined as a science of the management of money & other assets. This is the act of obtaining or furnishing money or capital for a purchase or enterprise. It is the management of money, banking, investment & credit.
2. Government is broadly defined as the administrative organization with authority to govern a political state.
Government is a body that has the authority to make & the power to enforce laws within a civil, corporate, religious academic or other organization or group.
It is a body of people that sets & administers public policy, & exercise executive, political & sovereign power through customs, institutions & laws within a state.
3. Corporation is a legal entity that is separate & distinct from its owners. It is an association created by law & having power & liabilities of an individual.
It is a coy or group of people authorized to act as a single entity (legally a person) & recognized as such in law