THE IMPACT OF TAXATION AS AN AID TO ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN ENUGU STATE
(A CASE STUDY OF OJI RIVER LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, ENUGU STATE, NIGERIA)
The purpose of this study is to find out if actually there is an impact of taxation as aid to economic development and my study is based on the survey of Enugu State, using Oji River as a case study. This research also became necessary in order to bring to the proper understanding of the enquirer the best ways to solve such problems connected with the taxation especially: what is taxable, which system of tax is acceptable, the rate of tax evasion and avoidance and the assessment of Nigeria tax system.
The primary function of every government is to make provision for its citizens in terms of infrastructural facilities. The provision of this enormous work cannot be carried out adequately by the government due to its limited resources therefore, there is the imposition of tax on all citizens, companies to augment government financial position. Government have always enacted various tax laws and reformed to stand the taste of time.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Table of Contents
1.1 Background of the study
1.2 Statement of the problem
1.3 Objectives of the study
1.4 Significance of the study
1.5 Scope and Limitations of the study
1.6 Assumptions of the study
1.7 Formulation of Hypothesis
1.8 Definition of Terms
2.0 Review of Related Literature
2.2 Definition of Tax and Types
2.3 Incidence of Taxation
2.4 Principles of Taxation
2.5 Element of Taxation
2.6 The Importance of Taxation
2.7 Appraisal of some tax legislation
2.8 Structure of Administration of Nigeria Tax System
2.9 The problems of taxation and its function
3.0 Design and Methodology
3.1 Primary Sources of Data
3.1.1 Personal/Oral Interview
3.1.2 Questionnaire Method
3.2 Secondary Sources of Data
3.3 Population and Sample Size Determination
3.4 Methods of Data Collection
3.5 Method of Validating the instrument
3.6 Method of Data Analysis
3.7 Problems of data collection
4.0 Presentation of Analysis of Data
4.1 Presentation of related data
4.2 Analysis of Data
4.3 Test of Hypothesis
4.4 Interpretation of Result
5.0 Summary of findings
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY:
One of the major functions of any government especially developing countries such as Nigeria is the provision of infrastructural services such as electricity, pipe-borne water, hospitals, schools, good roads and as well as ensure a rise in per capita income, poverty alleviation to mention a few.
For these services to be adequately provided, government should have enough revenue to finance them. The task of financing these enormous responsibilities is one of the major problems facing the government. Based on the limited resources of government, there is need to carry the citizens (governed) along hence the imposition of tax on all taxable individuals and companies to augment government financial position. To this end, government have always enacted various tax laws and reformed existing ones to stand the taste of time. They include: Income Tax Management Act (ITMA), Companies Income Tax Decree (CIID), Joint Tax Board (JIB) etc.
All these are aimed at ensuring adherence to tax payment and discouraging tax evasion and avoidance. For the purpose of this study, the researcher would be concerned with the impact of taxation as an aid to the economic development of Enugu State (Nigeria).
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM:
The first need of any modern government is to generate enough revenuewhich is indeed “the breath of its nostril”. Thus taxation is by far the most significant source of revenue for the government. Nigerians regard payment of tax as a means whereby government raises revenue on herself at the expense of their sweat.
It is good to note that no tax succeeds without the taxpayer’s co-operation. Here, we can ask some thought-provoking questions such as: what makes taxation such a difficult issue? Why do people feel cheated when it comes to tax? Is government making judicious use of taxpayer’s money? In view of these questions above, this study is going to be carried out to offer solution to them.