The research titled “The Impact of Management Style on the Efficiency of Selected Government Owned Companies In Enugu State” started with the introduction, where the researcher discussed the background of the study including finding out the impact of management style on the efficiency of some government owned companies. To find out the management style adopted by the companies under study, to find out why there is poor attitude to work in those companies, to find out where there is poor performance and improper accountability in these companies and to ascertain the causes of the manager’s inefficiency and instability. The significance of the study include that the study will be immense help to the managers to understand the impact of management style on their companies. The companies covered where Enugu State Water Corporation, Enugu State Printing and Publishing Company and Sunrise Flour Mill. Under the literature review, the researcher discussed the theoretical framework of the study, the objective of governments in business, performance of government owned companies in Nigeria etc. The population was 700 and the sample size used was128 employees from the three companies. The sample size was determined using the Yaro Yammani’s Formula. The major instrument of data collection is the questionnaire. The researcher presented the data in tables using frequencies and analysized the data using inferential statistics, the hypothesis were tested using the Chi-Square formula. The summary of findings include that the management style adopted by these three companies were mainly permissive autocratic and directive democratic. The researcher concluded by saying the management style has a great impact on the efficiency of government owned companies. The accommodations included that the state government owned companies should be managed by people who have the necessary experience and training.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Title page - - - - - - - - - -i
Certification Page- - - - - - - - -ii
Dedication - - - - - - - - - -iii Acknowledgement - - - - - - - -iv
Abstract - - - - - - - - - -v
Table of Content - - - - - -- - - -vii
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of the study - - - - - - -1
1.2 Statement of problem - - - - - - -5
1.3 Objective of the study - - - - - - -6
1.4 Research Question - - - - - - -6
1.5 Research hypothesis - - - - - - -7
1.6 Significance of the study - - - - - - -7
1.7 Scope of study - - - - - - - -8
1.8 Limitation of study - - - - - - - -9
Reference - - - - - - - - -11
CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
2.1 Theoretical frame work - - - - - - -12
2.2 Historical background of the study - - - - -17
2.3 Current Literature on the theories postulated above - -22
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY
3.1 Research design - - - - - - -29
3.2 Source of data - - - - - - - -30
3.3 Primary source of data - - - - - - -30
3.4 Secondary source of data - - - - - - -30
3.5 Population of the study - - - - - -30
3.6 Sample size determination - - - - - -31
3.7 Sampling technique - - - - - - -32
3.8 Method of data collection - - - - - -34
3.9 Questionnaire design, distribution and collection of
Response - - - - - - - - -34
DATA PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION
4.1 Demographic Characteristics - - - - -36
4.2 Presentation accounting to key research questions. -49
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
4.3 Summary of findings - - - - - -50
4.4 Conclusions - - - - - - - -51
4.5 Recommendations - - - - - - -51
Bibliography - - - - - - - -53
Appendix - - - - - - - -55
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The problem of management in effectiveness and bad attitude to work among Nigerians is widespread in government owned companies. There has been growing concern among Nigerians on the poor organisational performance and managerial ineffectiveness recorded in these organisations. This concern perhaps is a result of the size of economic and social influence of these government institutions on Nigerian development. (Akpala, 1990:193).
Inspite of the huge capital investments in these companies, the results have been extremely poor. As a result of government, as trustees for the ultimate owners of public enterprises have appointed tribunals, commissions and panels to find ways and means to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the enterprises (CMD, 1985:5).
At the managerial and operative performance levels, the problem is also a general one. In an attempt to explain and subsequentlyliniment government owned companies, two schools of thought emerge. One is of the opinion that the problem is from ill implication of the known theories and
principles of management in government owned companies. The other holds that the problem stems from not applying management philosophy that is based on Nigerian culture.
This takes us to the meaning of management. Management can be defined as the art or science of working in an organisation through being directed by and by directing and co-ordinating the activities of people to achieve one’s personal goals in the context of the goals of one’s organisation (Ejiofor,1985:3).
Management involves the performance of all the management functions which include planning, organizing, staffing, directing, controlling and co-ordinating of activities to attain optimum result with organisation resources. Management is concerned with the achievement of objectives, performances result, success, efficiency and effectiveness.
The survival of any company in realizing its objectives, depend among other things in proper management of its human and material resources.
No company or organisation can have its activities moving on without a manager. Managers and company goes hand in hand. The need for managers arises because companies exist. One cannot exist without the other.
Managers have to perform many roles in an organisation and how they handle various situations will depend on their style of management. A management style is an overall method of leadership used by a manager.
There are two sharply contrasting styles that will be broken down into smaller subsets later.
Each style has its own characteristics Autocratic:leaders make all decisions unilaterally. Permissive: leader permits subordinate to take part in decision making and also gives them a considerable degree of autonomy in completing routine work activities combining those categories with democratic (subordinates are allowed to participate in decision making) and directive (subordinates are told exactly how to do their jobs) styles gives us four distinctive ways to manage (IEBM, 1998:201). Directive democrat: makes decisions participatively i.e. closely supervises subordinates. Directive autocratic: makes decisions unilaterally; closely supervises subordinates.
Permissive democrat: makes decisions participatively gives subordinates latitude in carrying out their work. Permissive autocrat: makes decisions unilaterally gives subordinates latitude in carrying out their work.
Managers must also adjust their styles according to the situation that they are presented with. Below are four quadrats of situational leadership that depend on the amount of support and guidance needed.
Telling: work best when employees are neither willing nor able to do the job (high need of support and high need of guidance).
Delegating: works best when the employers are willing to do the job and know how to get about it (low need of guidance and low need of support).
Participating: works best when employers have the ability to do the job, but need high amount of support (low need of guidance but high need of support).
Selling: works best when employees are willing to do the job, but don’t know how to do it (low need of support but high need of guidance).
The different styles depend on the situation and the relationship behaviour (amount of support required and task behaviour (amount of guidance required).