Formulation And Implementation Of Government Policies

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        Concisely, the emphasis of this research project is on the formulation and implementation of Governmental policies: A case study of Udenwa’s Tripod Vision.  This is in connection to the fact that policy formulation and implementation is important in any administration.

        Much emphasis were laid on how policies and programmes of government are formulated and implemented in Nigeria, Governor Achike Udenwa’s Tripod vision was also used as a case study.  This research work also revealed the various method through which data for this work was sourced for and it also gave analysis of the various data collected.

        Finally, some suggestion was put forward by the writer which if put into practice will improve the process of policy formulation and it will also assist the government in achieving desired result in formulated policies.




Title page  -       -       -       -       -       -       -       -       i

Approval page   -       -       -       -       -       -       -       ii

Dedication-       -       -       -       -       -       -       -       iii

Acknowledgement      -       -       -       -       -       -       iv

Abstract    -       -       -       -       -       -       -       -       v

Table of contents       -       -       -       -       -       -       vi


1.1   Background to the study     -       -       -       -       1

1.2   Statement of problems       -       -       -       -       4

1.3   Objectives of study    -       -       -       -       -       5

1.4   Scope and limitation of study      -       -       -       6

1.5   Significance of study  -       -       -       -       -       7

1.6   Theoritical framework-       -       -       -       -       8

1.7   Statement of hypothesis     -       -       -       -       9

1.8   Definition of terms     -       -       -       -       -       10

        References-       -       -       -       -       -       -       12


2.1   Literature Review       -       -       -       -       -       13

        References-       -       -       -       -       -       -       68


        RESEARCH METHODOLOGY-       -       -       -       71

3.1   Research Design        -       -       -       -       -       71

3.2   Methods of data collection   -       -       -       -       71

3.3   Sample size       -       -       -       -       -       -       72

3.4   Sampling techniques  -       -       -       -       -       73

3.5   Data analysis techniques    -       -       -       -       74

        References-       -       -       -       -       -       -       75



4.1   Data presentation      -       -       -       -       -       76

4.2   Data analysis     -       -       -       -       -       -       76

4.3   Research findings       -       -       -       -       -       81

        References-       -       -       -       -       -       -       83


5.1   Summary  -       -       -       -       -       -       -       84

5.2   Recommendation       -       -       -       -       -       85

5.3   Conclusion-       -       -       -       -       -       -       85


(a)    Bibliography      -       -       -       -       -       -       87

(b)    Appendix   -       -       -       -       -       -       -       90



        The increasing role and impact of public administration in the lives of people in modern time has engineered much concern about how public policies are made and implemented.  This work tries to look at the process of formulation and implementation of governmental policies.

        It is important to note that for any management system or government to effectively carry out the task of achieving its objective, that management system must arm it self with the tool of effective policy formulation and implementation to enable it adjust to the environmental changes or react to the demands of the environment. Policy formulation and implementation like decision making requires careful thinking and planning.  It is essential therefore that policies be designed and implemented to suit particular situation to which they are to be applied to.

        The tripod vision of Udenwa, which was in the area of Agriculture industrialization and re-orientation no doubt was an attempt by the former governor of Imo State to resolve the protracted crises in the Nigerian economy.  The tripod vision was designed to address the latest challenges facing the entire people of Imo State especially the most vulnerable groups, the down trodden and the poor in the rural communities.

        It is a strategy which goals are the identification, planning and implementation of programmes and projects aimed at poverty reduction and sustainable human development.  The tripod vision was a participatory and all embracing movement towards the realization of the full potentials of the people of Imo State through public private partnership relationships.

        Before the adoption of National Economic Empowerment and Development Strategy (NEEDS) as an economic development strategy in Nigeria in September 2003, the government has put in place in Imo State the Tripod Vision whose objectives were in the area of Agriculture, industrialization and Re-orientation.  The birth of NEEDS reform agenda and SEEDS subsequently became more of the amplification of the objective of the tripod vision which provided a soft landing for SEEDS in the state.

        The development agenda of the people of Imo State was articulated under the leadership of the government of Chief Dr. Archike Udenwa within a 2015 visionary horizon defined by the Imo Tripod Vision seed of economic social and political emancipation.

        The development of this framework had its origin at the inception of the first tenure of the administration in 1999.  The fruit of this effort was the first and second Imo Economic Summits held in 2000 and 2002 respectively.  There were also several studies and other consultation aimed at identification and highlighting the development challenges facing the state.  These initiative culminated into the launching of the Tripod vision of the administration.    

        The Tripod vision was a medium term agenda for realising the enormous potential of the state, under the direction of a people oriented Tripod Vision and guided by a mission of balanced economic development and poverty reduction.  It’s major thrust is the full and active constructive engagement of citizens in productive Agricultural and Industrial productive activities as well as value orientation.


        The lack of adequate information and attention to the process of formulating and implementing public policies and programmes, has led to lack of impact or low level of impact of most programmes implemented within the country.  This problem has been caused by many inadequacies existing in the process of policy formulation and implementation within the country.

        First, the process of policy formulation has not been adequately consultative even with some key stakeholders Government officials and donor representatives have dominated the initiation of most public policies with the private sector playing no or a minimal role.

        The low involvement of private sector and civil society in policy formulation was due to the long period of military rule in the country that created a culture of fear and passiveness in national policy issues.  The creation of a more competitive political environment following the re-introduction of civilian rule and a multi party system is gradually changing the scene as civil society and lobby groups find more space to agitate for issues of interest to them.

        Poor policy implementation has also been one of the major problems in the country’s policy process.  One of the major reasons for this state of affair is lack of continuity, consistency and commitment to programme implementation by succeeding government.  Where such programmes are continued, they are starved of sufficient financial resources and well trained manpower to guarantee success.

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Formulation And Implementation Of Government Policies