EFFICIENCY OF MONETARY POLICY IN CONTROLLING INFLATION IN NIGERIA
This researcher work was embarked upon to study the efficiency of monetary policy in controlling inflation in Nigeria.
The need for this study was informed by the trend of inflationary growth over the years, the impact of inflation on the achievement of the four basic goals of monetary policy: economic growth, price stability, inflationary rate or favourable balance of payment.
May research work have been carried out on this issue previously but despite all good policies of government and its agencies, these goals have remained elusive over the years.
There is therefore the need for study on this sensitive issue, to research, articulate and review the current approach and review the current approach to monetary policy which its success hinges crucially on the extent to which the budgetary programme of the federal government can be harmonized with the goal of monetary policy.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Table of Content
1.1 Statement of Problem
1.2 Objectives of the Study
1.3 Significance of the Study
1.4 Statement of Hypothesis
1.5 Scope of the Study
1.6 Limitation of the Study
1.7 Definitions of Term
2.0 Review of Related Literature
2.1 History of CBN
2.2 Mandate of CBN
2.3 An Overview of Nigerian Monetary Policy
2.4 Administration of Monetary Policy
2.5 Objective of Monetary Policy
2.6 Instrument of Nigerian Monetary Policy
2.7 Causes of Inflation
2.8 Monetary Policy as A Control Measure of Inflation in Nigeria
3.0 Research Methodology
3.1 Research Design
3.2 Area for the Study
3.3 Population for the Study
3.4 Sample and Sampling Procedure
3.5 Instrument for Data Collection
3.6 Validity of the Instrument
3.7 Reliability of the Instrument
3.8 Method of Administration of the Instrument
4.0 Data Presentation and Analysis
4.1 Test of Hypothesis
5.0 Summary of Findings, Conclusion and Recommendation
5.1 Summary of Findings
5.5 Appendices: Questionnaire
In Nigeria, the central bank is at the apex of the banking pyramids, applies a variety of policy measure and techniques to control and regulate money and credit in order to attain the desired economic goals or objectives. It is therefore necessary and important to use the package of monetary policy measures as basis for discussing the efficiency or otherwise of general economic management strategies.
Government policy statements clearly reveal that inflation became a problem in Nigeria about the early 1970’s. This contention can be substantiated from the fact that the economy began to experience double digit rate of inflation from early part of the decade. The problem of the inflation is not peculiar to Nigeria, but it is a global problem confronting the majority; if not all countries of the world. The attempt by the Nigeria government to attain a higher level of an economic development at this period, generally led to spiral inflation in the country. But whether inflation in Nigeria is due to monetary mismanagement on the part of the authorities concerned or came by inherent structural deficiencies, still remains uncertain. Many factors have been identified to be responsible for inflationary pressure in the country. In the process of formulating monetary policies, it is paramount important to specify objectives and also impossible to evaluate performance.
Government policies are to achieve certain objective which include price stability, high rate of economic growth and balance of payment equilibrium. Monetary policy can be employed in encouraging investment and controlling inflation while fiscal policy can be effective in reducing consumption of luxury and ostentatious goods. But the major concern of this project is to explore the effectiveness of monetary policy in controlling inflationary pressure in an economy like Nigeria.
It is generally believed by some economists that inflationary effects are quite harmful to some business establishments. This could be so because vendors often loss in the sense that the value of their money falls short of its original purchasing power.
The extent of the effect of inflation in Nigeria has forced Nigeria to adopt several monetary policy measures within. However these policy measures have not solved the problem of inflation as could be seen for the