PROBLEM AND POSSIBLE SOLUTION OF HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT IN STATE GOVERNMENT OWNED PARASTATALS
Human resources problems been in existence for quite long time. It has simply been caused by the factors such as lack of adequate motivation lack of performance appraised and lack of manpower programme an development. This research therefore will serve as a reminder to the problem of human resources in the government sector which is not yet over. The reason for the above assertion has been that the personnel of any organization determine every activity that goes on in such an organization. Therefore the effect of human resources if not properly managed will be disatrong because the personnel start of an organization is the greatest asset of such an organization amongst all other resources. The personnel of an organization should not only be constant and adequate. But also should be motivated, appraised trained and developed. From the four mentioned reasons this research is a token contribution in trying to identify that segment of an establishment whose responsibility is to employ and manage the personnel and get them advised. Also it will identify the existing problems and their solution. Some suggestions or recommendation will be made on how best to minimize the problem.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Title page i
Approval page ii
Table of content vi
1.1 Background of the study 1
1.2 Statement of problem 4
1.3 Objectives of this study 6
1.4 Research Question 6
1.5 Research hypothesis 7
1.6 Significance of study 9
1.7 Scope of the Study 10
1.8 Limitation 11
1.9 Definition of terms 12
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE 13
2.1 Definition of human resource 13
2.2 The origin of human resource 16
2.3 Problem of human resource 20
2.4 Ways of alleviating these problems 26
3.0 Research design and methodology 35
3.1 Introduction of the study 35
3.2 Research design 35
3.3 Area of study 36
3.4 Population of the study 37
3.5 Sample size determination 37
3.6 Instrument for data collection 38
3.7 Validity of the instruments 39
3.8 Reliability of the instrument 40
3.9 Method of data collection 41
3.10 Method of data analysis 42
Data presentation and analysis 44
4.1 Presentation and analysis of data 44
5.0 DISCUSSION RECOMMENDATION AND CONCLUSIONS 58
5.1 Discussion of findings 58
5.2 Conclusion and Recommendation 60
5.3 Suggestions for further research 64
1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY
Presently business organization are played problems in spite of inceased learning in management theme. Many management experts are also at a loss to conceive the cause of these human resources management problems.
In this work the research will review the importance of human resources to the growth of any nations economy.
Human resources management according to Dressler (1973 – 125) can be defined as “procedure, activities or action directed towards finding the solution to the manpower problems of the organization”.
That is action which are placement recruitment selection and wages and salaries administration,. Industrial relations and joint consultaion, employee welfare, training development, motivation, employee appraisal and assessment and effective utilization of human resources of an organization.
According to Ubeku (1975:98) the major importance of the subject matter is the fact that is a basic function of management. Unless it is effectively carried out by all members of line management. Technical efficiency will be inadequate to achieve organizational success. Problem of human resource should not be though of as something separate from technical problem. Also human effort differs form other factors of production. This is due to the fact that the employee has his own objectives which must be integrated and reconciled with those of management or the organization. In carrying out human resources management practices both individuals and group relations are taken into account.
Majority of the people with particular reference to the elite will be wondering why there are problem of human resource management in the private and public sectors of Nigeria organizations.
James ( 1978:73) observed that the effective use of people is the key productivity. Motivation of employees in an organization is to get the best of their skill and abilities.
He further observed that although the task of motivating workers rested on the managements team as a whole. Managers have more rules to play in other words the sort of continuous day to day coaching appraisal and encouragement that the employee will need will be more than over before managers have upper hands in motivating workers. When managers work together with their workers they will know and satisfy their problems for better result.
Any activity in the organization from the starting to the finishing stage depends on human resource or the staff strength. Therefore any organization aiming at achieving some of their goal must ensure not only constant and adequate supply of personnel but that they are adequately motivation.
From the above we can clearly understand that the goal and aspiration of the organization cannot be achieve only by providing and ensuring adequate supply of personnel. Some suggestions will also be made on how best to remedy the problems at state.