The Role Of Budgeting In The Present Nigeria Eoncomic Situation (a Case Study Of Institute Of Management And Technology I.m.t)

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Budgeting have a role to play in this present economic development  of Nigeria. Budgeting which is defined as a financial statement  prepared and approved prior to a defined period of true of the policy to be purpose of attaining that period for the purpose of attaining a given objectives is primarily a process of planning and control. A well prepared budget provides management with a planned programme based on research by the entire organization in addition, a carefully planned budget provides owing to co-ordination the various actions of the organization. Budgeting is the most comprehensive financial technology widely used within an organization when it is properly applied as a management process and for unites all parts of the institution and all aspect of management task into one complete management approach for profitability budgeting positions one’s mind of the actual result of outcome with the predestined plan mother worlds with good budgeting the result of every effort can be forecasted through a good budgeting by experts there will be a standard economy, budgeting reduce wastage of manpower it also reduce wastage of finance. Therefore, in order to avoid problems in carrying or preparing budget, budgeting should be carried and exactly there way it is being laid down by the experts if there is any correction or variation for be made in future, the experts should be involved.


Title page                                                                         i

Approval page                                                                 ii

Dedication                                                                       iii

Acknowledgement                                                           iv

Abstract                                                                          v

Table of contents                                                             vi



INTRODUCTION                                                   1

1.1      Background of the study                                        1

1.2      Statements of problems                                          5

1.3      Objective of the study                                             9

1.4      Research question                                                  10

1.5      Research hypothesis                                               11

1.6        significance of the study                                       12

1.7      Scope of the study                                                   13

1.8      Limitation of the study                                           14

1.9      Definition of terms                                                  15

References                                                               18



REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE                      19

2.1      History of budgeting                                               19

2.2        early history of inflation                                       22

2.3      Control of inflation                                                  26

2.4      Accounting in I.M.T                                        28

2.5      Different view in budgeting.                                    29

2.6      Budgeting process                                                  33

References                                                               35


RESEARCH METHODOLOGY                                 36

3.1      Research design and area for the study                 36

3.2       Population of the study                                 37

3.3      Sample and sampling procedure                            37

3.4      Instrument for data collection                                37

3.5      Method of administration of the instrument          38

3.6      Method of data analysis                                          38

References                                                                   40


DATA PRESENTATION                                          41

4.1      Data analysis                                                          43


SUMMARY OF FINDINGS CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION                                               71

5.1      Summary of findings                                              71

5.2      Conclusion                                                              72

5.3      Recommendation                                                    73

5.4      Suggestion for further study                                  74

Bibliography                                                           76






The world generally had been in a state of permanent economic crisis for guide sometime, every government and organization (public and private) round the globe is faced with the issue of how to combat economic depression and stabile their economic affairs.

In Nigeria presently, there has been the problem of unexecuted plans and abandoned project of the federal and state governments and industries not because there was no completion fund to compound these project to completion, but because of lack of well articulated plans and control measure coupled with scarcity of resources . institute of management and technology for instance have such projects which have been abandoned for years such as the uncompleted building in campus 11, the research institution (Bakassi) and many others.

Because of the above mentioned the researcher has decided to very but her project title, the role of budgeting in the present Nigeria  situation, Budgeting evolved to and management optimize scarce resources which have alterative uses. Tertiary institution being a non profit making organization requires stability and order unit affairs in the face of inflationary economic situation  facing Nigeria currently.

There has been to be a more certain long to improve the  management function to planning and control so as to be able for fined its facilities and projects adequately, this is on explanation for the proving interest in the role of budgeting. Although budgeting has been scoured by some as exercise in futility because of is depending upon the fore casting future events which cannot before fold with precision is get being found by must business executive to be the best to find a tranquil harbour in the storm battered world economy.

Budgeting which is defined as a financial statement prepared and approved prior to a defined period of time of the poluing  to be pursued during that period for the purpose of attaining of giving objective. (more, C. L and Jaekike, R.K managerial Accounting 5th ed. (USA, S.W. publishers (1980) is primary a process of planning and control. A well prepared budget provides management with a planned programmed based on research by the entire organization. In addition, a carefully pinned budget provides away to co-ordinate and various actions of the organization.

There are many interrupts in books, journals, magazines and newspaper on budgeting both this project will critically  examine it role in non-profit making organization especially to institute of management and technology (IMT) Enugu.

The institute of management and technology came into life is a result of the merging of two schools-institute of administration and collage of technology in April, 1972.

In October of the same year a provisional council of the proposed new institute was appointed by the cast controls state government. The council was commissioned to determine and recommend to the government the institute that would produce high quality technologists as well as professional management manpower in subject area directed by the state and national needs. The council submitted if reports in early April 1983.

On 31st may 1973, edition No of 1973 titled the institute of management and technology (IMT) Enugu source senior staff establishment of IMT Enugu).



Polytechnics and other tertiary institutions in Nigeria or edicts by the government as a non-profit making organization most of their  capital and recurrent expenditures are being financed by the federal and state government. And they are regarded as government parastals. Financing, tertiary institute in Nigeria requires a huge human and  material recourse especially with their every increasing number disciplines students and staff coupled with one recent economic situation the role of funding and tertiary institute has become too heavy for the government to carry, therefore the financial position of our tertiary intuition has become deplorable.

With the above background in view the researcher is being spurred to investigate without bias the various alliances through which the institute of management and technology her income and how prudently she manages control and accounts for its.

Budgeting is futurities in nature and any attempt to quantitatively state the future is an estimate or at best approximation of the future events problem in budging is either over or under approximation. This is other worlds is variance, sometimes, the variance may be totally not of the range making its use for control purposed difficult. 

a.          There at of inflation is hard to predict so that budgeting for the price levels seems to blaringly guesswork.

b.          The volume of activity cannot be foreseen limiting factors (mostly government policies) arise for restricts out put below budgeted levels.

Budgeting encompasses all aspects of organization activity such that any problem at one point of if generates multiple and effects. Because of this, it is feared that there will be problems of organization and attempts to into an optimal master budget may be unsuccessfully also, the human element in budgeting increase if probabilistic nature and therefore, is likely to make its more  probabilistic. There may be struck and inadequate motivation. The period of high inflation rate as it now often goes with frequent wage salary negotiations and stick in adequate motivation is said to have always been a problem of budgeting since different workers are motivated differently according to their different needs. The problem of motivation must have made worse by the excessive loss of purchasing power of naira in the foreign exchange market this is because of financial incentive beloved to be main motivational motioned desired and practiced in Nigeria. This is also because where the level of education is low and where skilled manpower is short in supply, the highest level of aspiration of many workers remains the in range of satisfying the lower level needs which more often that not tree of emotion (emotional distress set in which management is not committed, educated persuasive or intelligent enough to connive its subordinate that budgeting is a positive device to help management choose and reach goals when this happens subordinate and executive  manage may like budgeting to strict they off and pressures devices as cure all the control aspect of budgeting may have a number of budgeting may have a number of serious problems to over come in applying theory in practice all the problems, aforementioned, where in existence jeopardize budgeting in the face of inflationary pressure with due consideration to these and other problems suggestion for their possible solution are made to other problems suggestion for their possible solution are made to enhance budgeting in the face of inflationary pressure, in tertiary institution.

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The Role Of Budgeting In The Present Nigeria Eoncomic Situation