MOTIVATION A SUCCESS FACTOR IN ORGANIZATION (A CASE STUDY OF ANAMMCO NIGERIA LIMITED)
Most organization ignore this drive that motivation is the success factor that we send employees thinking more of organization interest and less of individual interest. Countries like Japan, America, Russia, China, Europe are known for their technological advancement. The secret behind the success of these developed countries is that they have developed a culture of motivating their labour force. It is worthy to mention that a motivated worker is the most productive workers. The worker who sometimes equals or excel in any standard his boss sets or contemplates setting for him. Herzberge defined motivation in a book jointly written by Williams F. Dawling and Leonard R. Sayle titled “How motivates” (1971) as: “An inner desire to make an effort.
This definition implies that there is a reagent that acts as a catalyst that gears or gingers up the effort that make an employee go the extra mile to achieve what he/she would ordinarily not achieve under normal circumstances, the term “motivation” derives from the Latin movere “to move” it is virtually impossible to determine a person’s motivation until that person behaves or literally move. Robert Kreitner in the fifth edition of his book titled “management” (1990) defined motivation as “the psychological process that gives behaviour purpose and direction.
By applying this process, managers attempt to get individuals to willingly pursue organizational objectives. The individual workers behave in a certain manner or toward a certain direction informed by a drive within them and this give them the urge to aspire to satisfy that objective.
The resultant effect of motivation is the attainment of higher productivity by organization (both private and public)
In essence motivation is a function of performance, which eventually leads to sustain the success of organization. A working definition (Cole 1995) of motivation is as follows: “Motivation is the term used to describe those process, both instructive and rations by which people seek to satisfy the basic drives, perceived needs and personal goals which trigger human behaviour”.
It becomes pertinent for all organization to know that motivation is a success factor in order to achieve higher performance.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The aims and objectives of every organization is to be successful, and for an organization to be successful, its employees must b properly informed of what is expected of them, how to go about achieving the result; creating enabling environment for them to operate, availability of facilities and material guaranteed job security adequate compensation for hardworking workers, it is globally accepted that motivation plays a fundamental role in enhancing workers performance behaviours. Motivation comes in different forms, since human beings are unpredictable and their needs insatiable, because what could serve as motivation to one worker may not necessary server as motivation to the other. However, the following factors could serve as motivation factors, as theorized by Abraham Maslow.
1. Job security
2. Job satisfaction
3. Self esteem
4. Self actualization
5. Spirit of belonging (needs)
6. Rewards for exceptional performance