ANALYSIS OF BUSINESS OBJECTIVE AND THEIR ACCOMPLISHMENT THROUGH EFFECTIVE COST CONTROL
This study is centered on the analysis of business objective and their accomplishment through effective cost control in lake concerted industry-limited Enugu. There are lots of problem that face the industry, some of which are shortage of raw materials, excessive demand, ineffective stock planning and inefficient stock management.
The study therefore embarked on how the industry should form a strong stock management policy. Thereby forming a stock management committee that will monitor the implementation of the policy.
Also in this study, proper method of determining the maximum stock level was worked out that is the use of probability and technique. In the same val-soft were was procured to help in checking over-stocking and under stocking.
In this research work, questionnaires were used as the research work, question. Data were also collected through personal interview. The uses of chi-square and sample table were used to know how effective and reliable are the observed facts. Based on the objectives of this study, researcher come up with findings as it effects the effective cost control in lake concrete industry limited Enugu. It found out that there are low national factors and this made the workers to be relevant to put in their best at work.
On this effect, the researcher come to conclude that training and development will contribute immensely to effective performance of the workers.
Therefore, the research finally recommends that the management of the industry should endeavor of staff to training and development to enhance proper technical know how of the job as will give opportunity to workers to influence decision effecting them.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Approval Page iii
Table of Contents viii
1.1 Background of the Study 1
1.2 Statement of the Study 4
1.3 Purpose of the Study 4
1.4 Scope of the Study 5
1.5 Research Question 6
1.6 Significance of the Study 7
1.7 Definition of Terms 8
2.1 Overview of Business 11
2.2 The Objective of Business 12
2.3 Overview of Cost Control 16
2.4 The Role of Cost Control in Business 33
2.5 Relationship to the Study 35
3.1 Research Design 39
3.2 Area of the Study 39
3.3 Population of the Study 40
3.4 Sample and Sampling Procedure /Technique 40
3.5 Instrument for Data Collection 42
3.6 Validation of the Instrument 43
3.7 Reliability of the Instrument 43
3.8 Method of Data Collection 43
3.9 Method of Data Analysis 45
4.1 Presentation of Data analysis of Data 47
4.2 Testing of hypothesis 63
4.3 Summary of result 73
5.1 Discussion, Results /Finding 75
5.2 Conclusion 76
5.3 Implication of Research Findings 77
5.4 Recommendation 77
5.5 Limitation of the study 78
5.6 Suggestion for the research 79
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The pursuit of an objective and the accomplishment is the characterizes and every organization and this objective and accomplishment exist in dimensions. Every business organization whether sole trade (one man business) partnership, company or comporting therefore most have objectives and expected accomplishment. The primary objective of every business organization in a capitalist or mix-economy is to make profit, and meet their accomplishment.
Profit is described as the excess of total revenue over total cost during a specific period of time. For firms (Mostly competitive) to make profit, they most have control over the cost of their production and services.
In many business organizations some supervisors, always from and query why accountants usually scrutinize their expense and other cost they present for payments, when the money does not come from the accountants pockets. Accountants scrutinize claims, voucher etc in order to satisfy themselves that a particular item of cost is reasonably necessary and wholly for the operations of the enterprise. Just like any one of us as individuals, we try to satisfy all our necessary requirements without throwing ourselves into financial mess before the inflow of another income, the scammers why individual requirement applies to partners in partnership, companies etc when an accountant queries cost incurred in ones department or cost center, all he is trying to do is to ensure that reasonable cost are being incurred for the level of the enterprises’ performance.
The researcher believe that each one of us manages cost in our respective homes and by so doing we are exercising the function of a financial manager through at domestic levels. If one gives his wife a reasonable monthly allowance to run the home and two weeks later, she asks for more money because she has finished the amount given to her, certainly the husband would from at her for not controlling her spending habits. The common excuse house wives give is that things are expensive, but then a cost anxious husband before giving additional money would ask the wife whether she has tried alterative market or alterative food stuffs. In the some manner, Accountants Managers enterprise finds. While in the process they are not unnecessarily rigid but ensure that limited overall objectives of the organization are achieved.
Cost control can therefore be described as the prevention of within the existing environment in an organization. The main methods employed in controlling cost are budgetary control, cost reduction technique and value analysis. It is the intention of the project researcher to emphasize more on cost reduction. Although both budgetary control and cost reduction go hand in hand because it is difficult to demarcate where cost control? And budgetary control ends both terms are concerned with improving efficiency and increased profitability. However, it is pertinent to note that effective and reasonable cost reductions for present output serves as standard for future production.
The researcher has decided to use LAKE CONCRETE INDUSTRIES LIMITED ENUGU as a case study, the establishment has been operating at loss for over five (5) years now which means that the objective of setting up the business is been defected. The researcher would then find out whether cost were substantially responsible for the loss. This will entail the analysis of cost incurred in its products so as to find out the area of weakness and hen suggest ways at improvement for the purpose of internment of the enterprise objective and their accomplishment.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS
This project study titled “analysis of business objectives and their accomplishment through effective cost control” intends to investigate the cause of the persistent loss in business operations of lake concrete industries limited.
The company has been experiencing high rate of labour turnover, since it could not pay it workers regularly. There is also great number of debtors to the company and the situation has resulted to shortage of operating capital, so the researcher wants to find out the exact causes of the problems and patter suggestion to them.