Motivation A Success Factor In Organization

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          This research study “Motivation a Success Factor in an Organization” (A Case Study of ANAMMCO Nigerian Limited, Nigerian Port Authority Plc) was conducted to further enlighten management that the attainment of success in an organization has a direct bearing to motivation. This research revealed that rewarding employees for their contributions to the success of their organizations serves as the motivation factors inducement in them, that helps bring out the best in them.


          The study is arranged into five chapters, commencing with the introductory chapter which comprises of the background of the study, statement of the problem, objectives of the study through the significance of the study.

          Chapter two took a sweep on literature review, being a summary of past research finding on Motivation success, various form of motivation carried out by notable authors.

          Chapter three deals with methodology which entails the administration of questionnaires processing and analyzing procedure for the data collected.

          Finally, the fifty chapter is all about the conclusion of the study with the summary of major findings, recommendations and areas of further research.


Title Page                                                                                          ii

Approval Page                                                                                   iii

Dedication                                                                                         iv

Acknowledgement                                                                              v

Abstract                                                                                             vi

Preface                                                                                              vii

Table of Contents                                                                               viii


1.0     Introduction                                                                              1

1.1     Background of the Study                                                          2

1.2     Statement of the problem                                                          7

1.3     Objective of the Study                                                              8

1.4     Research Question                                                                    9

1.5     Definition of Terms                                                                   10

References                                                                               13


Review of Related Literature                                                               14

2.1             Introduction                                                                              14

2.2             Meaning of Motivation                                                              14

2.3             Motivation and Organization Performance                                  18

2.4             Various Theories of Motivation                                                 19

2.5             Sources of Motivation Factors in Organization                           26

2.6             Brief History of ANAMMCO                                                    30

2.7             Summary of Literature Review                                                   32

          References                                                                               33


3.1             Methodology                                                                            34

3.2             Research Design                                                                       34

3.3             Sources of Data                                                                        35

3.4             Population Size                                                                         35

3.5             Sampling Plan                                                                           36

3.6             Sample Size                                                                              36

3.7             Instrument for Data Collection                                                   37

3.8             Tools for Data Analysis                                                            37

3.9             Scope of the Study                                                                             37

3.10        The Limitation of the Study                                                       38


4.0     Data Presentation and Analysis                                                  39


Summary of Major Findings, Recommendation and Conclusions         57

5.1             Summary of Major Findings                                                      57

5.2             Recommendations                                                                    59

5.3             Conclusion                                                                               60

Bibliography                                                                             62





          Most organization ignore this drive that motivation is the success factor that we send employees thinking more of organization interest and less of individual interest. Countries like Japan, America, Russia, China, Europe are known for their technological advancement.  The secret behind the success of these developed countries is that they have developed a culture of motivating their labour force. It is worthy to mention that a motivated worker is the most productive workers.  The worker who sometimes equals or excel in any standard his boss sets or contemplates setting for him.  Herzberge defined motivation in a book jointly written by Williams F. Dawling and Leonard R. Sayle titled “How motivates” (1971) as: “An inner desire to make an effort.

          This definition implies that there is a reagent that acts as a catalyst that gears or gingers up the effort that make an employee go the extra mile to achieve what he/she would ordinarily not achieve under normal circumstances, the term “motivation” derives from the Latin movere “to move” it is virtually impossible to determine a person’s motivation until that person behaves or literally move. Robert Kreitner in the fifth edition of his book titled “management” (1990) defined motivation as “the psychological process that gives behaviour purpose and direction.

          By applying this process, managers attempt to get individuals to willingly pursue organizational objectives.  The individual workers behave in a certain manner or toward a certain direction informed by a drive within them and this give them the urge to aspire to satisfy that objective.

          The resultant effect of motivation is the attainment of higher productivity by organization (both private and public)

          In essence motivation is a function of performance, which eventually leads to sustain the success of organization.  A working definition (Cole 1995) of motivation is as follows: “Motivation is the term used to describe those process, both instructive and rations by which people seek to satisfy the basic drives, perceived needs and personal goals which trigger human behaviour”.

          It becomes pertinent for all organization to know that motivation is a success factor in order to achieve higher performance.


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Motivation A Success Factor In Organization