The Management Of Insurance Companies Towards The Development Of Business Enterprises (a Case Study Of Royal Exchange Assurance Nig. Plc.kano State).

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This project work titled ‘’the management of insurance company towards the development of business enterprises’’ a case Study of Royal exchange assurance Nig. Plc. Kano. This research work intends to survey the role and the concept of insurance companies in business and in the sustainability of business enterprises in Nigeria. The researcher adopted a descriptive method of survey; the sample method use was sampling method. Both primary and secondary sources of data were used to obtain relevant information. The company has a total population of 100 employees’. The sample size was 50 which is draw from the total population using Yaro Yamani formula.In my findings, it claims for those loss will be guaranteed. It is recommended that the insurance managers should do everything possible to train their staff on job and on insurance training. It is drawn to the phase of the insurance industries with a view of determining adaptability and sustainability, taking into consideration the peculiarity of Nigeria circumstance. Take into consideration, the recapitalization exercise in the companies rather than financial effects and also to proffer solutions to problems hiking around the insurance companies.
Title Page ------------------------------------------------------------------------------i
Certification page---------------------------------------------------------------------ii
Table of content----------------------------------------------------------------------vi
1.1 Background of the study---------------------------------------------------------2
1.2 Statement of the problem------------------------------------------------------3
1.3 Objectives of the study----------------------------------------------------------4
1.4 Significance of the study --------------------------------------------------------5
1.5 Scope of the study---------------------------------------------------------------6
1.6 Limitation of the study----------------------------------------------------------6
1.7 Statement of Hypothesis-------------------------------------------------------7
1.8 Definition of key terms---------------------------------------------------------7
2.1 Theoretical frame work of the study---------------------------------------------8
2.2 Historical background of the study-----------------------------------------------58
2.3 Current literature on theories postulated above----------------------------63
3.1 Introduction---------------------------------------------------------------------------68
3.2 Sources of Data collection----------------------------------------------------------68
3.2.1 Primary Sources of Data----------------------------------------------------------68
3.2.2 Secondary Sources of Data-------------------------------------------------------68
3.3 The population of the study-------------------------------------------------------69
3.4 Sample design and determination-----------------------------------------------69
3.5 Research instrument----------------------------------------------------------------69
3.5.1 Questionnaire---------------------------------------------------------------------70
3.6 Questionnaire Design------------------------------------------------------------70
4.1 Introduction ------------------------------------------------------------------------72
4.1.2 Data presentation and analysis----------------------------------------------72
4.1.3 Observered Frequency-----------------------------------------------------------76
5.1 Summary of findings--------------------------------------------------------84
5.2 Conclusions--------------------------------------------------------------------84
5.3 Recommendations----------------------------------------------------------85
Appendix ---------------------------------------------------------------------88
Life is full of risk and every human being is confronted with possibility that one day one of these hazards which form part of life may befall them because one financial loss or the other. The purpose of insurance is to indemnify the victims for the financial loss they might have suffered as a result of these risks. Risk is a concept that denotes a potential negative impact to an asset or some characteristic of value that may arise from some present process or future event. In everyday usage, "risk" is often used synonymously with the probability of a known loss. Paradoxically, a probable loss can be uncertain and relative in an individual event while having a certainty in the aggregate of multiple events (see risk vs. uncertainty below). Risk is the possibility of an event occurring that will have an impact on the achievement of objectives. Risk is measured in terms of impact and likelihood.
Insurance was not set out to climate and cannot soften the blow in a purely financial sense of obtaining monetary compensation to the victims thereby placing them in a financial position.
The purchasing of an insurance has been earlier describe as the insured person as a policy holder in order to protect himself against a particular risk, take out a policy with an insured, thereby passing over the risks to the insured on a payment of a fee known as premium.
Life is associated with different kind of risk some of this risk are insurable while some are not. The insurance industry in each devices different type of insurance policy to carter for each one to the insurance risk. The more conventual‟s, one being marine, fire, life, aviation, motor, person, accident and a lot of others.
Insurance as an industry did not exist in Nigeria until the later part of the twentieth century. However, there existed in Nigerian communities, some form of organize mutual social insurance schemes which had the future of modern insurance.
Apart from the early social insurance scheme, insurance as an industry is relatively new in Nigeria. The first operation branch of an insurance company was open in Nigeria in Lagos in 1921 by the Royal exchange assurance Plc. and it remain the only insurance company in Nigeria until 1949 when three British owned insurance companies were opened up.
As at the time Nigeria got her independent operating insurance as risen to twenty five and were mainly foreign owned. The insurance degree was prorogated to regulate the way previous legislation did not do.
The insurance company In Nigeria and the insurance industry are control by the federal ministry of finance another offices of director of insurance. The insurance departments of these ministries are responsible for the control activities of insurance companies so as to ensure compliance electrets of 1976 and other relevant regulation related to the business of insurance in Nigeria.
Royal Exchange assurance Plc. engage themselves in the following types of risk, they are;- loss of profit following the insurance personal inability, trained insurance, private can insure motor cycle group, house holders comprehensive insurance and all kind of risk.
Royal Exchange Insurance Nig. Plc. as many branches within Nigeria with the head office in Lagos and the incorporation number 6572 and the degree number that symbols Royal Exchange insurance his degree 58 of 1920.
Owing to the negative factions surrounding the insurance industry in Nigeria, the activities of the industry have been subjected to various criticisms of those negative factions. We can identify good number of problems. Therefore, the statement of this problem of this study could be obtained based on the observation and critical analysis of the industry. Non payments of claims in the industry have become a faction that negatives the performance of the industry. Despite the factor, insurance company collect premium from their clients.
Another is the issue of inadequate capital and investment to put the company in a more favorable condition to meet their demand of their clients.
Often business organization in the country that rely on the insurance companies realize they are in the case were they incurred losses which have been insured barely affect the business.
As a general rule, there are hardly any differences between the aims and objectives of the insurance in Africa from those of similar ones operating elsewhere in the world. A brief examination of the aims of a typical insurance emphasizing those features that would be OD special interest to the prop actors and managers of insurance company in
Africa will be useful. The objective of an insurance company may be summarized as follows;-
1. To sell insurance cover to insurance consumers.
2. To settle all genuine claim family land promptly in accordance with law and be formed relevant insurance policy.
3. To run business or organization in such a way that it produce a fair to the shareholders who funded that capital with which the business was established.
In moving forward these basic objectives, the prop actor and managers of the insurance company have certain responsibility to different group and making their decision they must bear in mind and protect the interest of each group, these groups are;-
i. The policy holders.
ii. The shareholders.
iii. The workers and staffs.
iv. The Nation and the society.

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The Management Of Insurance Companies Towards The Development Of Business Enterprises