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The Effectiveness Of Cooperative Manpower Training And Development In Transport Industries

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This project looked into the Effectiveness of cooperative manpower training and Development in training industries (A case study of I.T.C and A.B.C.) A survey was conducted to this  type of manpower training and development in I.T.C and A.B.c and the management and organization of I.T.C and A.B.C transport industries to obtain relevant data  on the views of the respondent towards the effectiveness of the manpower training and development in both transport industries. The major instrument used for the data collection was analyzed using the percentage system of data analysis. The study found out that the number of staff employee by these transport industries were dully large. The also underwent job training, some technical training and the majority of them underwent orientation programme.



Title page

Approval page




Table of contents

List of tables 


1.0     Introduction

1.1      Background of the study

1.2      Statement of the problem

1.3     Objectives of the study

1.4     Statement of hypothesis

1.5     Significance  of the study

1.6     Scope of the study

1.7     Limitations  of the study

1.8     Definition of terms




2.0      Literature Review

2.1 Introduction

2.2      Manpower  planning 

2.3      Manpower recruitment and selection

2.4      Training and retraining of  personnel

2.5      Training and development  goals

2.6      Identifying training and development needs.

2.7      Training and development methods.

2.8      Training Evaluation

2.9      Advantages of training as a source of development

2.10   Some cooperative manpower training institution in         Nigeria.

2.11  Reasons for training and development

2.12  Importance of training as a source to  development


3.0      Research design and methodology

3.1      Introduction

3.2         Research design

3.3      Sources/method of data collection

3.4      Population and sample size

3.5      Sampling  techniques

3.6      Validity  and reliability of measuring  instruments

3.7      Method of data analysis


4.0      Presentation and analysis of data

4.1          Introduction

4.2      Presentation of data

4.3      Analysis of data

4.4      Test of hypothesis

4.5      Interpretation of results


5.0      Summary, conclusion and recommendations

5.1      Introduction

5.2   Summary of findings

 5.3   Conclusion

5.4  Recommendations






In  the past, human resources management particularly in the area of cooperative manpower training and development has posed great  problems in organization. There  has been as a result of the unavailability of training facilities in various field of endeavor globally. It therefore become clear that organization then  find  it increasingly difficult or at one point or the other to increase productivity  or at least improve  on their production quality  and output.

In Nigeria the above- enumerated problem in had remained  prevalent because of human researcher with enterprise. Apart from this,  there is this growing cost in the training  and development of personnel among  organizations such that the issue of placing  cost alongside productivity have placed  human resources development at dangerous position thus creating  organization that cost recover   have  remained   how and thus a central issue there is no  doubt as to enormous problems associated  recovery  cost, but management providing training and development programmed for its training  work force  has  viewed  it necessary  for the operation efficiency of enterprises. For this to be achieved (improvement of services rate),  management needs to set  up  viable machinery  to  train and  develop its human resources. If this is achieved, their management  must  create an enabling condition  to harness  these resources for optimal  productivity.

The question that may readily come to mind in this study is that why most management train and develop  human resources in its organization. The issue of need and desirability of training of human resources among enterprise is obvious  for training according to  the oxford learners dictionary  (1989:1360) Means the “ process of preparing  or being prepared  for a job” it further states that training means”  bringing  a person to a desired  standard  of efficiency, behaviour etc, by instruction and practice”

This perhaps means that after due instructions and a practice  taking place a change or a rise in the  performance  and behaviour of an employee positively  shows that training has taken palace.

Okorie H.A (1980:21) views  training a an organized procedure by which people  learn knowledge and skills necessary for doing specific  job. Thus as a matter of  fact emphasizes proficiency  in the act of performing  the duties  and  responsibilities  of particular jobs  through a planned and systematic programmed.

Training in  itself   no doubt, emphasize proficiency, but it is the actual   practice  that glazes the employee on a better  performing level. This brings  in the reasoning  that training is a great factor in the instinctual and overall development  of human resources  at all levels,  since it is training   that brings about  development.

Flippo E. (1980:41) maintained  that development would include both training to increase skills in performing  a specific  job  and understanding our total environment. In  this regard,  there is overview  that development occurs, while training process it taking place. It becomes clear therefore   that the desire  to train human resources to create  a positive  balance on  the operational  efficiency of organizations. The logic of this approach is that the level of any  enterprise  cannot be higher than the quality of the  units preparing  the function. Thus, to improve performance among units,  there must be some form of training and development particularly , when such performances  does not     meet up with organizational goals.

Measuring the effectiveness of training and development is highly department upon the rate at which functions and goals  attainment  in organization relate.

It will be progressive of any performance unit to meet up with organization goal constant  approach  of function is also some obvious  methods in which management can rightly  determine the result of training and development.

A performance unit  that does not  meet up with its goal  attainment  may in variably be termed  weak and this  may need training and retraining  to improve on its standard.

The operational efficiency of any organization is usually a pointer to the standard of the enterprise. If the standards were low, then its personnel would be said to be performing poorly infecting   the spirit  of success under this situations will be  to introduce  training programmed for staff. This full training programme  will be appraised by management  assigned  role be staff and seeing that such or task have  been accomplished.


Before embarking on any research, the researchers interest must be raised from problems which  he or she  has observed taking place in the area of study.

Thus the problem of this research is to determine

1.   The constraints that have affected the Imo transport Ltd, and ABC transport ltd.

2.   The high rate  of accidents   on our roads cannot be over emphasized such that  lives and properties  are being lost every ay,  this  is even more rampant in the transport industry  particularly those that  operate  for commercial purposes.

3.   Reduced trainings or profits the resultant effect is that people now private  care thereby cutting  done on the profit margin of those comprise . 

4.   Engagement of in experienced drivers, the aforementioned problems could be linked to the inadequate recruitment  exercise  in those companies. Most  of them have no recruitment  standards for employing their  workers for instance the civil  services commission Imo State in employing a driver  will have   laid  dome when  and regulations that the driver will meet. But the  reverse  is the case  in these transport companies  who  first recruit  anybody  whether he meets or does not meet the standard.

5.   Incompetent  management staff Here, an accessing figure could  also be pointed at the  organizational structure of some of these transport  companies  who lack a well- defined  organizational structure. Because the manpower bases of these companies are predominantly of low level manpower , coordinating activities have proved difficult.

Thee research  work is also aimed at determining  how far these companies have goes in adequately equipping its workforce (human resources) in tacking  the above listed   problems’ Hence the availability of these organizations must be viewed from the standard of the transport system and initializing the loss of lives and properties in the country.


Owing to the fact that road transportation provides more than  sixty percent  of transport system in Nigeria, it also record the highest rate of mishaps on the way and this is becoming unbearable. The purpose of study is determine by the training and development  facilities available this transport companies  in order to reduce the problem associated with road transport.

The researcher is  optimistic that the various problem as  identified could be reduced, it measure offer to, by the operating companies  and are profit accrued  to them. The objectives of this study will involve an in depth study of the f following organizational structure of the companies under  study;

(i)                 Determining the need for training and development of staff in organizations.

(ii)               Attribute   of workers  before  and after training  and development exercise

(iii)             Identifying and development exercise  in the  companies.

The study will also take a cook  at the present situations  ob roads and how   it has affected the  efficiency of the companies of for instance, a journey that is supposed  to cost there to four hours may actually end between six to seven  hours due to bad road. Apart from all these, the study skills try to high the  various advantages of  training and  development exercise in an organization such as these under study.

In a course  way, the work will focus on how  human resources are planned. Recruited  and training developed through direct action on them to upgrade  the qualities and capabilities of individuals in an organization with more attention  given  to the transport industry. It also tries to identify  issues method and problems involved in   cooperative manpower training and development efforts.

Since a lot  of people are employed in this sector and this contributes to the gross national product  (GNP) of this  nation, this study will also help bring about an improve government attitude  toward  road maintenance in our country because the study will highlight  on the relationship  between  government attitude towards road  maintenance  and  its positive and negative effects on road  users.

This study road significant because is will serve as a guide   and reference  materials to other students and also a contributing  factor to the award  of Diploma certificate in Business Administration to the researcher. 


H0: The effectiveness of cooperative manpower training and development in transport  industries  does not contribute  to efficient transportation  services standard

H1: the effectiveness of cooperative  manpower training and  development  transport industries does not contribute  to  efficient transportation  services standards

H1: The effectiveness of cooperative manpower training  and  development in transport industries  contributes to   efficient transportation  services standard


 H0: Efficient  management and adequate   financing  in transport industries  does not improve transportation operation system.

H1: efficient management and adequate  financing  in transport industries helps improve transportation operation system.


 H0: Effectiveness of cooperative manpower transport and development does not lead  to goad management of transportation industries.

H1: Effectiveness of cooperative manpower training leads to good management of transportation on industries 


H0: Manpower training, selection and retraining close not lead to efficiency in transportation industries.

H1: Manpower training, selection and retaining lead to the efficiency in transportation industries.


The study will no doubt  be of immense  benefit  to the transport industries owed by the cooperative and other transportation  industries in general. This is because attention  shall be focused on the various problems affecting their effective  performance and also expose  the hidden importance of   the  effeteness of cooperative manpower training and development in transportation industries.

 The study will be very important in the determination of the need for training and development of staff in organization  and focus  more especially on how human resources about  an improved  government attitude toward  road maintenance  in our country and also help to control the highest rate of mishaps on the way.

The purpose of the study is also for the immense training and development facilities and generating a greater degree of government support.


This research work is internded to out  an in 0 depth study  on cooperate manpower training and development in two  selected transport companies  operating in Imo State. As stated earlier, the companies include:

2. Imo transport company limited (ITC)

2. ABC transport limited   

The work will be a survey research and  shall be limited to the following department within these  transport companies.

(a)       Account  department  companies

(b)      Engineering  department

(c)       Personnel  department


Limitation are those factors  inherent in  the research situations that might affect  the result, which the investigator  must recognize and acknowledge, some of these factors are locating  and sampling the subject, development and using  the instrument, administering  the instrument,  collecting and collating data. Also  limited fund and time. The researcher also  inherits  the following limitations in the study.

(i)                 The limitation  inherits  in the use of questionnaire in terms of fur fullness and sincerity  from subject  are acknowledge because of that there  is tendency for a degree of  error  to occur in the final evaluation of data 

(ii)               Inability of researcher to include more transport worker  in transport  companies due  to lack of find, time and the researcher finding and generalization are only restricted to Imo State.


The following  terms use in this work are clearly  defined.     

TRANSPORT: A  system  for carrying  people  or goods  form one place  to another  using vehicles, road, air etc

MANPOWER: The number of workers needed on available to do a particular Job. That is a need for trained. Skilled manpower.  

DEVELOPMENT: This is the gradual growth of  something  so that it becomes more advance and stronger etc

Cooperative manpower training: This is the process of learning their skill well, fe skilled manpower.

TRAINING: This is the process of  learning  the skills that you need to do a job.

MANAGEMENT: This is the process of utilizing  human and materials resources with the aim of achieving  the organization goals

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