TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page i
Table of contents v
Table of contents vii
Table of figure viii
List of table
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.0 Background of study 1
1.1 Statement of result 2
1.2 Objective of the project 3
1.3 Significance of the project 3
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
2.0 Introduction 5
2.1 Theoretical Background 5
2.2 Review of Related Literature. 7
2.3 Summary 9
CHAPTER THREE: SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND DESIGN
3.0 Introduction 10
3.1 Description of the Existing System 10
3.2 Analysis of the Proposed System 11
3.3 Design of the Proposed System 12
CHAPTER FOUR: SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION
4.0 Introduction 24
4.1 Choice of Development Environment 24
4.2 Implementation Architecture 26
4.3 Software Test 29
4.4 Documentation 30
4.41 User Manual 30
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY CONCLUSION AND
5.1 Summary 32
5.2 Conclusion 32
5.3 Recommendation 33
1.0 BACKGROUND OF STUDY
Management of prisons in Nigeria has long been a neglected area which has recently been incorporated in the e-governance program of Government of Nigeria. Currently a rudimentary process of storing all the prisoner data in manual files and registers is in place. The Prison Information System project will integrate all the prisoner data into a single integrated system which will in turn result all the information being present in a digital format. ICT in prisons was initiated in the year 2002 at Delhi Prisons, Tihar. The Tihar Prisons Complex in New Delhi is the biggest prison complex in Asia comprising of 9 prisons and one District Jail at Rohini with a total strength of more than 11,000 prisoners against a normal sanctioned capacity of 6250 prisoners. In a year about 70,000 - 80,000 inmates remain lodged in these prisons for different duration and crimes committed by them. This prison population has about 80% under trials and includes about 480 women inmates. About 400 inmates are foreigners from different parts of the world. Many high security criminals also live here. There has been a substantial increase in number of prison inmates coming to Tihar because of a phenomenal increase in the crime scene at Delhi that has resulted in the increase of the ICT needs and its management at the Tihar Jail Complex.
Nearly 1700-1800 visitors meet their relative inmates’ everyday. There was manual system of booking (meetings) in each jail for its respective inmates. Centralised visitor record was not available. There was lack of exchange of visitors’ information within jailsand prison headquarters. No provision for identification / detection / verification of visitors was there.
Managing the prisoner record and monitoring of prisoner / visitor was always difficult since most of the records were normally maintained manually, so the concerned authorities were required to go through all the registers to find out the details and status of the inmate as well as of the visitor.
In order to cope up with the increasing number of prisoners being lodged in, the Tihar Administration required a re-engineering and rationalization of their key business processes and functions of prisoners’ related information and their computerization in order to speed up the processing of information need of courts and various other national agencies.
As the technology evolution is taking place, there arose a need for centralization of prisoner’s data to facilitate information exchange and data sharing to the users of the prison. It shall reduce administrative overheads, speed up responsiveness to users, reduce risks involved in inmate’s custody, eliminated obsolete processes and reap cost-cutting benefits.
1.1 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
Management of prison’s in Nigeria is still at a nascent stage and follows rudimentary processes. Most of the prisons in Nigeria have a collection of manual files and registers to store prisoner/criminal records. This is a very inefficient and cumbersome way of storing records which greatly impedes the flow of critical information as well as makes looking up of information time consuming. Also, different files and registers arerequired to store the information which is relevant to a single prisoner. This hinders the profiling process of prisoners.
1.2 OBJECTIVES OF THE PROJECT
The main purpose behind the implementation of the Prison Information System (PIS) is to enhance the administrative capabilities of the jails in terms of monitoring and security of the prison while improving the efficiency and productivity of the Prisons. The objectives of the project are to develop system which can:
1.3 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE PROJECT
The nature of project is such that outcome of project could be quantitatively measured only for few parameters such as