Major Drivers Of Rural -urban Migration Towards Addis Ababa City (a Case Study Of Government And Private Sector Employees The Economics Scene)

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The study primarily was proposed to investigate the ‘major drivers of rural-urban migration towards Addis Ababa city’ in specific reference to educated employees across the country. The study was conducted on online google survey format and 281 employees were participated in the online survey among which 150 are migrants and 131 are non-migrant employees. Both descriptive statistics and econometrics analysis of binary logistic model was applied to the study through statistical tools of both Stata & SPSS. Based on the descriptive analysis income gap between migrants & non-migrants, gap in access to basic infrastructure, geographic proximity, low income level, overrated attitudes to the city & expectations are the major drivers. According to the binary logistic econometrics results being male, having rural origin, geographic proximity of place of birth, higher expected income, higher expected wealth, higher current income & having families with some plot of land positively influence migration decision significantly and higher education level of both migrants and their families, age, oversea migration plan, inhibits migration towards the city. Hence policies towards infrastructural service redistribution, reducing urban bias ,budget redistribution, encouraging educational accessibility, establishing other competent cities or developing the existing regional cities will have better out comes to the future of the city and the migrant’s life as well as to the country’s economy at large.

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Major Drivers Of Rural -urban Migration Towards Addis Ababa City