THE ROLE OF THE BROADCASTING MEDIA IN UPLIFTING THE EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM OF ENUGU STATE.
(A CASE STUDY OF ENUGU METROPOLIS )
A PROJECT PRESENTED TO THE DEPARTMENT OF MASS COMMUNICATION
Development is the process of moving the world, of engage in the task of self- improvement with the available is necessary, not only for all aspects of a person'’ development, but also for all aspects of a nation development following this, the broadcast media are the most vital instrument for influencing the masses to either consumer or conserve. In development countries an issue which does not appear on television or radio does not even exist. Here in the development world, the question is: to what extent in educating the masses?
Therefore , the purpose of this research is to fid out the role the broadcast media have played in educational advancement of the people. This work is divided into five chapters for an introduction gives an insight into the electronic medium and Enugu State education It slides into detailed exposition of relevant related literature and the formulation research appropriate research methodology and measuring instrument were used.
After a carefully conducted analysis it was discovered that three formulated hypotheses received statistical support route the remaining one up heed the null hypotheses.
Based on the above findings the researchers recommend that for effective educational advancement of the masses by the media, government should give it’s influencing support so that it be comes a worthy venture.
Communication is the most vital factor in building and developing nation.
Following this, national development in any society cannot be achieved without wide spread education for children and adults Education is recognized as the most potent instrument for development. Through education, people assimilate fundamental values and develop new ones. In addition, certain prescribed goals are realized n areas of economic growth, healthcare, political and social awareness, political stability, self-reliance, national identity, among other things.
The mass media, particularly the electronic or broadcast media, become a powerful and effective instrument for achieving these national goals. Broadcasting is the transmission of signals through electronic agent wares which convert audio and video signals in a form in which they can be received in the audiences homes.
Broadcast media includes radio and television . radio is broadcasting which appeals to the auditory and visual senses.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDYS
The origin of educational broadcasting in Nigeria could be linked with the introduction of broadcasting services in the country. The wired broadcasting services in the country was commissioned in Lagos by the colonial administration. The broadcasting services involved a system where by a radio station received the British Broadcasting corporation (BBC) prorammes and then relayed same to subscribes through cables connected to loud speakers installed in people homes.
In the 40’s, the radio rediffussion was established in Lagos until in 1951 when it was changed to the Nigerian Broadcasting services (NBC). The Nigerian broadcasting services relayed such programmes as news reviews, sports and religious issues, and it exclude itself when it brought daily account of political news to millions of people during the 1959 general election campaigns. It also brought news in English and the three main Nigeria languages. In 1954. It launched a magazine
TITLE THE RADIO TIMES.
Television broadcasting was established in the country on October 21, 1959 in Ibadan by the government of western Region of Nigeria. The station was run luctiauy under the trade name of Western Nigerian Television Authority (NTA) Ibadan was the first in television broadcasting followed by the Eastern Nigerian government, Enugu, and others.
Furthermore, Enugu being the regional capital of the former Eastern Nigeria, and currently Enugu state, occupies a strategic position in the political and social organization of Nigeria that being the case, there are some broadcast media located in several parts of the state.
The Enugu state broadcasting service (ESBS) the Nigeria Television Authority (NTA), the Federal Radio corporation of Nigeria (FRCN) have a great role to play in the quantities and qualitative education of the citizenry their objectives are realized through the souring of innovative programmes spread around or anchored on the media commissions. The Enugu state Broadcasting services (ESBS) for instance, has the university of (UNIAIR) programme which is a second chance educational programme organization in collaboration with an educational institution of the tertiary level to educate the masses in the same vein, the Nigeria Television Authority (NTA) and the state radio station, both have fashioned out education programmes which are dished out to the public for their viewing and listening pleasure. The question that comes to mind is whether the broadcast media have really helped in educational advancement and perhaps national development.
Over the years, lots of studies and searchers have been carried out and consequently many books written and published in order to discover the answer to the above question. This efforts have been made to find out the relationship between the media and educational advancement of students in their understanding and retentive ability. Today, it is accepted that educational programmes as the broadcast media produce some effect in the audience in the areas of retention comprehension and out – spoken ability. In some cases, the media produced some cases, the media produced some negative influence on the audience. however, it would appear that the broadcast media are not living up to their expectation even through the fault or blame should not be centred around them only. The government and the entire citizenry also have their share of the blame and fault. The problem lies squarely on freedom of the press or freedom of expression for the whole