The Role Of Public Relations In Building Corporate Image In Organizations (a Study Of Mtn, Enugu)

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THE ROLE OF PUBLIC RELATIONS IN BUILDING CORPORATE IMAGE IN ORGANIZATIONS

(A STUDY OF MTN, ENUGU)

 

ABSTRACT

This work was centered on the role of Public Relations in building Corporate Image in organizations, using MTN Ziks avenue Uwani Enugu as a case study. In carrying out the research, the researchers adopted survey research method, where, 15 close ended questionnaires was designed and used for the collection of primary data. Four tested hypothesis were formulated. From a population of 722,644, a sample size of 400 was taken using taro yamane’s statistical formula. The data collected were presented on tables and analyzed statistically using simple percentages and Chi-square measures. Evidence from research data shows that MTN do not have good relationship with her numerous publics in Enugu. Data collected revealed that MTN employ PR strategies in building corporate image. However, Research data reveals that MTN has not invested much in Public Relations Strategies in managing her Corporate Image. The researchers concludes that the research findings were in conformity with the research objectives and assumptions earlier made. Consequent upon the results of this research, the researchers recommends that regular studies should be carried out by the PR department from time to time to ascertain the needs and feelings of customers.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page                                                              i

Approval Page                                                               ii

Dedication                                                             iii

Acknowledgements                                                        iv

Abstract                                                                v

Table of Contents                                                   vi

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION                                                   1

1.1      Background Of the Study                                  1

1.2      Statement of the Research Problem                    7

1.3      Objectives of the Study                                    8

1.4      Research Question                                           9

1.5      Research Hypotheses                                       9

1.6      Significance of the Study                                  11

1.7      Definitions of Terms                                         12

1.8      Assumptions                                                   15

1.9      The Scope and Limitations of the Study                     16

References                                                      18

 

CHAPTER TWO:    LITERATURE REVIEW               19

2.1      Sources of Literature                                        19

2.2      The Origin and Concept of Public Relations          19

2.3      The History of MTN                                          21

2.4      The Era’s of Public Relations                              22

2.5      The Place of Public Relation in an Organization     25

2.6      Corporate Publics                                             29

2.7      Corporate Image                                             31

2.8      Corporate Social Responsibility                          35

2.9      The Public Relations Practitioner                         38

2.10  Tools for Public Relations                                  41

2.11                  Qualities Expected of a Public Relations Practitioner 46

2.12                  Theoretical Framework                                     50

2.13                  Summary of Literature Review                                  53

References                                                      56

 

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY              57

3.1      Research Method                                             57

3.2      Research Design                                              58

3.3      Population of the Study                                    58

3.4      Determination of Sample Size                                  60

3.5      Sampling Technique                                                62

3.6      Measuring Instrument                                      64

3.7      Reliability and Validity Instrument                      65

3.8      Method of Data Collection                                 68

3.9      Method of Data Analysis                                          68

3.10  Expected Results                                             70

References                                                      71

CHAPTER FOUR:   DATA PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND RESULTS                      73

4.1      Data Presentation and Analysis                          73

4.2      Testing of Hypotheses                                      83

4.3      Discussion of Result/Findings                            94

CHAPTER FIVE:    SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS                     98

5.1      Summary of Findings                                       98

5.2      Conclusions                                                    99

5.3      Recommendations                                           99

Bibliography                                                    101

Appendix I                                                      104


LIST OF TABLES

Table 1:      Sex Distribution of Respondent               73

Table 11:    Age Distribution of Respondents                     74

Table III:    Educational Qualification of Respondents 74

Table 1V:    Marital Status of Respondents                 75

Table V:      Occupational Distribution of Respondents 76

Table VI:     Customer of MTN                                  76

Table VII:   MTN Relationship with and Her

Numerous Publics in Enugu                     77

 

Table VIII:  Extent to which Customers Have Negative Perception of MTN as it Concerns Her Products and Services                                    77

 

Table IX:     If MTN Actually Invested in Public Relations Strategies in Managing Her Corporate Image 78

 

 Table X:     If Patronage of MTN Products and Services is Based on Her Corporate reputation         79

 

Table XI:     Patronage of MTN                                  80

Table XII:   Choice of MTN                                       80

Table XIII:  If MTN Face Image Problem in Rendering Its Services.                                          81

 

Table XV:    Satisfaction of MTN Services                   82

 

 

 


CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background Of the Study

No doubt, every organization that wants to succeed must not only consider its image among her numerous public, but must continue to invest in the management of its corporate image. A corporate image refers to how a corporation is perceived. It is a generally accepted image of what a company stands for. Typically, a corporate image is designed to be appealing to the public, so that the company can spark an interest among consumers, create share of mind, generate brand equity, and thus facilitate product sales. Tudolo (2007).

A corporate image is not solely created by the company. Other contributors to a company’s image could include news media, journals, labour unions, environmental organizations, and other NGOs. Corporations are not the only form of organization that create these types of images. Governments, charitable organizations, criminal organizations, religious organizations, political organization and educational organizations all tend to have a unique image, an image that is partially deliberated and partially accidental, partially self-created and partially exogenous.

MTN is a multinational organization and business enterprise therefore it is required to succeed. As a corporate establishment, devoted to servicing the public, it must have the interest of its publics in a bid to achieving public corporate image. As a business institution, MTN must use business principles to operate in such a way that it becomes financially independent against crumbling.

Sequel to the above, MTN instituted the public relations department to help foster the activities of the organization in order to achieve its aims and objectives. The public relations department is necessary because no business oriented organization can make meaningful achievement without a public relations practitioner. The PR practitioner engages himself in doing good and trying to get credit for the good he had done. This involves making friends, keeping them and influencing them as well as others. It also involves building and sustaining good image or goodwill through good deeds that will win favourable considerations for MTN Ziks avenue Uwani, Enugu among members of the public.

Frank Jeffkins defined public relations as “the process of assessing consumer wants, establishing communication, fostering goodwill so that the consumer wants or needs can be profitably satisfied.

Public relations news defined public relations as “a management function which evaluates public attitudes, identifies the policies and procedure of an interest and plan and executes programme of actions to earn public understanding and acceptance”. From these definitions, it is obvious that the public relations man blends the organization for tremendous achievement. It also identifies the need for the public relations man to evaluate the public attitude and conception of the organization with the aim of attaining and eliciting favourable actions where necessary.

MTN cannot exist in a vacuum, it cannot grow if it neglects the existence of its publics. As a telecommunication organization, it must be ready to communicate effectively with its publics. This includes expressing her policies and practices through communication for general awareness.

However, this communication function can best be obtained if public relations is given its right place in the management of MTN corporate image. Frankly speaking, MTN is fast recognizing the multiple function which public relations would perform if allowed into the strategic decision making level of the organization. The corporate image of MTN depends on her behaviour and financial performance, her marketing policies, the quality of her services, the management style, approach and resultant satisfaction. The major responsibility of her public relation department is to protect and maintain good image for MTN. as the conscience of the organization and its publics, it monitors the diffusion of the programmes of the organization to know when it impinges on public opinion and welfare.

George Flangan stated that “If an individual’s contact and experience with a corporation is extensive, his proposed image of the corporation is likely to be strong, positive and relatively stable. If on the other hand, the individual’s familiarity with the corporation is slight as in most of the cases, the image will probably be weak, (negative) and unstable”. The statement means that if the level of customer’s satisfaction in any organization is high, the customer tends to maintain more cordial relationship and vice-verse. It is the image of the organization that attracts popularity among the potential customers. In this sense, the only image that can last long is the one that its stand is valid, true and real.

There is no organization that can satisfy its numerous public without being perceived first by the publics as trusted and dependable. The dependability of the organization depends on the degree of the comfort given to its publics. In line with this, Walter Lipman asserts, “No administrative scheme is workable without good will and goodwill strange practices is impossible without education”. Meaning that any new development in MTN Uwani Enugu that is not communicated to the public in clear terms and with clear evidences so as to elicit favourable actions to attain mutual understanding will be in a futile effort.

Therefore, it is very important for MTN Uwani to get herself acquaints with the publics for cordiality through continuous and systematic public relations practice. It is essential that all public relations activities of MTN with the frame work agree and understand the corporate personality.

The activities of MTN and prospects can better be understood when examined from the point of view of its origin. To this end, below is the mark off point of MTN.

 

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