PUBLIC PERCEPTION OF EFCC’S PERFORMANCE FROM 2003 – 2007
The main objective of this study was to find out the public perception of EFCC’s performance from 2003 to 2007. In carrying out this study, the researcher asked five research questions and reviewed relevant literatures such as Economic and Financial Crimes Commission Establishment Act 2004; And Corruption Handbook; Information Handbook 1 and so many orders. Survey research method was used in which questionnaire was distributed to collect the data. The population of the study was Enugu metropolis which consists of Enugu East, Enugu North and Enugu South. A sample size of 400 was drawn by calculation from the population of 722, 664 using Taro Yamane formula. The data were collected, presented and analyzed. Four hypotheses were tested using Chi-square formula and also decision rule. All the alternate hypotheses were accepted while all the null hypotheses rejected. The study revealed that the majority of the members of the public are aware of the activities of EFCC reducing corruption. It was also obvious that EFCC is a welcome idea by Nigerians and majority of the members of the public would want it to continue in the fight against corruption. The researcher also recommended that Effort must be made to ensure that quality staff is maintained. This can be made easy by employing more of professionally qualified staff. EFCC should be encouraged to develop their education 1and professional qualifications. Government can train and retain existing EFCC personnel. Improvement of working condition of EFCC. EFCC should explain to the public where all the billions recovered so far from corrupt persons is being kept or remitted, or is the commission empowered to keep such money? Or has the money be returned to the state from where it was stolen. This is very important and, it helps the members of the public to know if the EFCC is operating within the rule of law in its activities. One way is to ensure that the EFCC defend the commission’s roles in fighting and prosecuting corrupt Nigerians. At this point, the commission is no longer is control or cannot determine what happens in court because it cannot be the accuser, the investigator and at the same time the judge” Government should allowed the EFCC to continue in its fight against crime and corruption in Nigerians. Thayer interference has made the job unprofessional.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page i
Approval page ii
Tale of contents vi
List of tables ix
1.1 Background of the study 1
1.2 Statement of the research problem. 3
1.3 Objectives of the study 4
1.4 Significance of the study 5
1.5 Research questions 5
1.6 Research hypotheses. 6
1.7 Scope of study 7
1.8 Definition of terms 8
1.9 Assumption. 9
Literature review 11
2.1 Sources of literature. 11
2.2 Historical background of EFCC. 11
2.3 Tenure of office 14
2.4 Effectiveness of EFCC 18
2.5 Problem of EFCC 18
2.6 Solution to EFCC problems 19
2.7 Theoretical framework. 21
2.8 Review of literature 25
2.9 Summary of literature review 27
Research methodology 30
3.1 Research design 30
3.2 Research method 30
3.3 Population of study 31
3.4 Determination of sample size 31
3.5 Sampling technique 32
3.6 Measuring instrument 33
3.7 Method of collection 33
3.8 Method of data analysis 33
3.9 Expected result 34
Data presentation, analysis and results 35
4.1 Data presentation and analysis 35
4.2 Testing of hypotheses 49
4.3 Discussion of findings 57
Summary, conclusion and recommendations 60
5.1 Summary 60
5.2 Conclusion 61
5.3 Recommendations 62
LIST OF TABLES
4.1.1 Gender distribution 35
4.1.2 Age distribution 36
4.1.3 Marital status 36
4.1.4 Education qualification 37
4.1.5 Occupation distribution 38
4.1 5: Question no 6-do you know the concept of EFCC is all about? 38
4.1.7: Question no 7 does the EFCC make use of the rule of law in its activities? 39
4.18: Question no 8 the EFCC implemented it’s polices adequately. 40
4.1.9: The EFCC was fair in its prosecution. 41
4.1.10: Question no 10 the EFCC is said to be selective in carrying out duty. 42
4. 1.11: is their any link between the EFCC and the fight against corruption in Nigeria? 43
4.1.12: the EFCC is used to control corruption from public and private sectors 44
4.1.13: How would you rate the success of the activities of the EFCC. 45
4.1.14: Would you say that the government dictates the operation of the EFCC. 45
4.1.15: the introduction of EFCC is a welcome idea by Nigerians. 46
4.1.16: the EFCC succeeded in reducing corruption. 47
4.1.17: fighting against crime and corruption was the sole duty of EFCC 48
4.1.18: would you want the EFCC to continue in the fight against corruption 49
4.1.19: Measurement of the activities of EFCC. 50
4.1.20: Measurement of the implementation of EFCC polices. 52
4.1.21: Measurement on public perception over EFCC activities 54
4.1.22: Measurement on the power of the EFCC to control corruption 56
1.1 BACKGROUD OF THE STUDY
Over the years, the has been hue and cry about the mean of corruption and other related crimes in our society. The idea that brings about the fight against corruption has been over the years. Successive governments have failed in their attempts to cub or reduce corruption. This fight has been on since Nigeria’s independence in 1960.
However, after many years of military rule, Nigeria came to discover her faults, by first delving civilian .rule. This led to first republics, second republic and the subsequent republic.
The Obasanjo administration which came to power in 1999, made the fight against corruption, a priority, above the things in his administration. Like president Bush’s approach to terrorism, Obasanjo promised to fight corruption with the last drop of government blood. His words, “let’s come together all over the world, Nigerians, let’s fight corruption.
To achieve his aim, he founded the necessary bodies to cater for the crusade or better put, anti-corruption crusade. To this end, the independent corrupt practices and other related offences commission (ICPC) was established in 2000 to cater for transparency and accountability in governance.
The economic and financial crimes commission, EFCC, was established in 2002 by the Obasanjo government to complement the works of the ICPC. It also splits the functions, there by diversifying the ways to fight against corruption. The EFCC is headed by a Chairman who overseas the affairs of the commission, with offices sprang across the country.
The EFCC has the power to arrest public official after leaving office.
1. Also has the power to arrest corrupt officials in government and even investigate and prosecute them. It is empowered fully, to co-join with international security organizations in investigating Nigeria corrupt officials. This is especially as it concerns money laundering.
The performance of EFCC has been under scrutiny by the member of the public since its inception in 2003. this perception may be positive or negative. Hence, the EFCC has arrested, prosecuted and even led to impeachment or removal of many top government officials from office.
1.10 STATEMENT OF THE RESEACH PROBLEM.
Since the invigoration of EFFCC in 2003, a lot of arrest, prosecutions- locally and internationally have been made, most of them leading to removal of top officials from office.
Some landmark arrest and prosecution made by the EFCC include the prosecution of Sunday Afolabi-former Minster for internal affairs and his subsequent removal from office, the presumed resignation of Adolphus Wabara-senate president, removal of Tafa Balogun-inspector General of Police and probe of state governors like Die Praye Aliemieseghe for money laundering charges. The fight and the investigation is still on with arrest and prosecutions of political bigwigs in the country.
Despite all these achievements, accusations and country- accusation have been leveled against the EFCC by the citizens. Some cirtize the corruption, while others say that it is no real in fighting the menace.