TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page i
Declaration Page ii
Table of contents v
1.6 Scope of the study 6
1.7 Limitations of the study 6
1.8 Operational Definition of Terms 6
CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
2.1 Review of Concepts 8
2.1.1 Cartoon Network and its Impact on the Behaviour of School-going Children 8
2.1.2 Children as Television Audience 11
2.1.3 Effect of Television on Children 12
2.1.4 Cartoons 14
2.1.5 Children Aggression and Violence in Media 15
2.1.6 Cartoon Violence on Nigerian Children 17
2.2 Empirical Review 17
2.3 Theoretical Framework 22
2.4 Summary of Literature 28
CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS
4.1 Introduction 31
4.2 Demographic Characteristics 31
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
5.1 Summary 41
5.2 Conclusion 42
5.3 Recommendation 43
The recurrence of the roles like Cinderella in numerous animated cartoons has led to the perception that it is an exceedingly passive character who is devoid of role model behavior; a pathetic victim who takes no action towards the fulfilment of her own dreams. There is a need for children to understand that a female character like Kim Possible from the animated cartoon series of the same name is a seeker and saviour and that she is not necessarily "un-feminine" when actively determining her own destiny. Research has indicated that television has a socializing influence on children particularly in their attitudes toward gender roles.
Cartoons send strong and compelling messages about socially approved gender roles and stereotypes that are in turn, reinforced by parents, friends, and school, contributing to the child's sense of what it means to be male or female in that society. There is increased risk to children’s safety in many of today’s children cartoons (Kindera 2006). Cartoon characters jump, dive, and fall from very great heights and land without being harmed. For example on every episode of Looney Toons, Wylie Coyote is always trying to catch the Road Runner. And in every clip Wylie Coyote in some shape or form, seems to fall off a cliff or simply have one of his inventions go wrong and cause a massive explosion. Yet, he manages to collect his teeth, dust himself off and get up for another attempt to catch the Road Runner. This seems funny until a child thinks it is alright to imitate these deeds.
1.3 Objectives of the study
The general objective of this research is to investigate the impact of animated cartoons on children in Enugu between the ages of seven and eleven years.
The specific objectives are to:
1.4 Research questions
1 What are the animated cartoons programmes available on television to children in Nigeria.
2 What are the viewing patterns of these animated cartoons in relation to time, duration, place, preference and days.
3 What is the perception and views held by children in relation to how they rate their popular animated cartoons as “good” or “bad” from what they see and why.
The study has both theoretical and practical significance. Theoretically, it will contribute to knowledge of existing literature on animated cartoons.
Practically, the findings of the study will be relevant to education personnel that create excellence in education for early childhood centre and primary school teachers that are involved in the business of babysitting. It will also be of primary importance to families with children of school age and guardian of infants on the impacts of exposing them to TV cartoon programs.
1.6 Scope and Limitations of the study.
The scope of the study covers the impact of animated cartoons on children in Enugu between the ages of seven and eleven years.
1.7 Limitations of the study.
Financial resources required in obtaining data were on the high side, considering the amount required in photocopying and transportation to various places. Also, considering the combination of both my studies and the project, time was not adequate for a more elaborate study.
1.8 Operational definition of terms.
Animated Films: are ones in which individual drawings, paintings, or illustrations are photographed frame by frame (stop-frame cinematography). Usually, each frame differs slightly from the one preceding it, giving the illusion of movement when frames are projected in rapid succession at 24 frames per second.
A cartoonist: (also comic strip creator) is a visual artist who specializes in drawing cartoons. This work is often created for entertainment, political commentary, or advertising.
Broadcasting: is the simultaneous transmission of the same message to multiple recipients. In networking, broadcasting occurs when a transmitted data packet is received by all network devices.
A vulnerable child: is defined as being under the age of 18 years and currently at high risk of lacking adequate care and protection.
Movie Theater: This is a place where people go to watch films for entertainment.