The Effect Of Inadequate Human Resources On The Performance Of Government Establishments.

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ABSTRACT

This research work focuses on the effect of inadequate human resources on the performance of government establishment. The aim is to determine the causes of this inadequacy of human resources, the effects of the inadequacy and what could be done to improve the human resources of government establishment. The research is an outcome of an intensive research.

In the cause of this research, the researcher was able to articulate the objective of the study, statement of the problem, significant of the study and scope of the study in chapter one. Literature review and theoretical frame work were carried out in chapter two, while in chapter three treated the methodology, research design population of studying, instrument for data collection validity and reliability of instrument.

Finally the researcher made several findings, recommendations and conclusion. The researcher work is highly interesting and educative.         

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page ………………………………………………………….…. i

Approval page…………………………………………………..…..  ii

Dedication……………………………………………………………iii

Acknowledgement………………………………………………....iv

Abstract………………………………………………………………vi

Table of Contents…………………………………………….……vii

 

CHAPTER ONE                                         

1.1       Introduction…………………………………………….....1

1.2       Statement of Problem …………………………….……..4

1.3       Objective of Study………………………………….…….6

1.4       Significant of Study………………………………………8

1.5       Research Question………………………………….…..12

1.6       Scope and limitation…………………………………...12

1.7    Definition of Term……………………………………….14

Reference …………………………………………………18

 

CHAPTER TWO

2.0   Literature Review…………………………………………19

2.1   Review of Related Literature………………………..….19

2.2   Theoretical Framework…………………………………21

2.3   What is government establishment………………..…24

2.4   levels of human resources………………………………25

2.5   Human resources strength in government

establishment in Enugu state………………………..……..31

2.6   The cause of inadequate human resources on the

 performance of government establishments……………..40

2.7   The effect of inadequate human

resourcesin government establishments…………………48         

2.8   Remedies/solution to the inadequate

human resources on the Performance

 of government establishments………………………………50       

2.9  Importance of Government

Establishment to the citizenry ……………………………...54

2.10  Comparison between Government

 and private establishment…………………………………….55

       Reference………………………………………………....…57

 

CHAPTER THREE

3.0       Research Method and Design…………………………………58

3.1    Sources of Data…………………………………………………..59

3.2    primary data………………………………………………………60

3.3    Secondary data…………………………………………………..60

3.4    Data Collection   …………………………………………………61

3.5    Population of the Study………………………………………..62        

3.6    Sample Size………………………………………………………63

3.7    Sample Technique…………………………………………….63

3.8    Instrumentation…………………………………………..……65

3.9    Validity of Instrument………………………………….……..56

3.10  Reliability of Instrument…………………………………..…66

3.11  Instrument Return Rate……………………………………..67

Reference   ………………………………………………………68

 

CHAPTER FOUR                                                               

4.1       Data Presentation and Analysis……………………….….69

 

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0       Summary of Finding, Conclusion

and Recommendations………………………………………78           

 5.1   Findings…………………………………………………………78

5.2    Recommendation……………………………………………..79

5.3    Conclusion……………………………………………………..80

Bibliography…………………………………………………82 Questionnaire ………………………………………………..84

Appendix 1…………………………………………………….85

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

1.1         INTRODUCTION

    Majority of people with particular reference to the elite will be wondering why the inadequate human resources on the performance of government establishments. A research supply will sound like asking an obvious question what are the causes of the inadequate human resources on the performance of government establishments. Given some answers to the above question I will start by first emphasizing the importance of human resources in every economy. Trended French described human resources as consisting of all individuals who are engaged in any of the organizational activities regardless of their level. 

     Human resources from above mean men and women working for an organization irrespective of the post they are holding. However, this went further to emphasize that there was no demarcation for men and women working for the organization that does not belong to human resources of the organization. Therefore, the human resources of the government establishment e.g. ministry ranges from the commissioner down to the messengers.

     Meanwhile, all activities in the organization depend on human resources either public or private organization. Therefore, any establishment aiming at achieving its goal must ensure not only maintaining constant and adequate supply of human resources but also ensuring that they are adequately motivated.

     From the above, we can clearly understand that the goals of the establishment cannot be achieved only by providing and ensuring adequate supply of human resources. This is because the human resources that are not motivated will not be answering human resources of the establishment without giving their best.

     Perhaps, commendations must be made to the University of Nigeria, Nsukka for making Industrial Training as one of the requirements for the Award of Diploma Certificate in the institution.

     This was because during my sister’s industrial attachment work with the board of Internal Revenue Enugu. That the effect of inadequate human resources on the performance of Government establishments was identified. I was always visiting her at the office on daily bases and I shared her experiences. Then the identified problem was taken to Caritas University Enugu to be approved for further research (BSc. Project). This was how the research topic came about.

     Moreover, some of us are not opportune to go into some establishments being it private or government establishments but may doubt that there are no inadequacy in human resources on the performance of government establishments. This research topic was chosen out of practical experience.

     This was because my information handled a competent schedule of duty, which my sister was supposed not to do as a student.

     Furthermore, surprise came upon her when she was asked to cover the schedule of two (2) persons at a time which was due to inadequate human resources on the establishment, from the above mentioned reasons, the aims of finding some ways of minimizing the effect of inadequate human resources on the performance of government establishment and possibly to make suggestions on how to eliminate the problem of inadequate human resources confronting government establishments.

     Finally, this research will therefore, be a contribution towards finding some of the causes and effects of inadequate human resources on the performance of government establishments. Also, some suggestions will be made on how best to remedy the problem.

1.2       STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS

     The scope of this research project was to identify the effect of inadequate human resources on the performance of government establishments. What are existing problems? As the case therefore, some of the problems to be observed in the establishments such as;

     Poor performance

·        Poor Management

·        Lack of adequate remuneration

·        Lack of training/motivation

·        Miss appropriation and diversion of fun.

·        Lack of proper perception of the government vision and mission by the administrators., rigid government policy

·        None employment of professionals

·        Too much to do and little time to do it.

·        Findings the human resources strength of the government establishment in Enugu state, with particular reference to the ministry of finance and Economic planning, Enugu.

·        Finding some causes and the effect of inadequate human resources in the ministry.

·        Finding out how and who are supposed to build up the human resources of the government establishment.

 

1.3   OBJECTIVE OF THE SUTDY

          Smith and Brown were of the opinion that goal setting as at the heart of the performance appraisal process of organization gives meaning and relevance to appraisal and development activities. The objectives of this research will be as follows:

a.           Letting government to know that the human resources performance in Enugu State is inadequate. Therefore when the government Department concerned got informed, the objective of this study will be achieved. This effect will be that they will make immediate arrangement to recruit more people in the ministry.

b.           To identify the levels in which the inadequacies were existing. This will enable the government department concerned to know exactly the levels where their recruitment/promotion exercise will focus for quicker action.

c.            Finally, to identify how to tackle the poor management lack of training and who is supposed to build up the government human resources inadequate. Government as referred above is every body. Therefore, effort needs to be made to identify. The segment of government that is vested with the task.

The effects of identifying how and who will advice government on some of the causes and effects of inadequate human resources on the performance of government establishments. This was because it is only when the causes of a particular problem are identified that some remedial solutions should be embarking on:

·        Immediate recruitment of more human resources.

·        Workers should enjoy remuneration employment of qualified staff.

·        Promotion should be done when due constant training and development of Civil Servant while in Service in other to Corp with their job.

·        Establishing of an assessment centres.

·        Government should pass good legislature favouring the employees. In other to have better form of mind to enhance productivity as well as efficiency.

Finally if all these been looked into it will improve the inadequate human resources performance in government establishments because objective is not only to identify problems, but it is aimed at finding solutions to them.

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