Causes Problems And Survival Strategies Of Selected Rural-urban Fematje Migrants In Dessie Town

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Dessie town is known Jor a long tim e Jor its destination (II rural migrants as it is rnimportant comme rcial and geographical centre. This study ainl S at exploring rnfactors for ru ral f emale migration, problems thE.·y face a/l.() t he i I' s u Ivival strategies rnto Dessie town. Th e study contributes to the unden;tUl/(}iIlY of th e cau ses that rnpush f emale migrants to urban centre and problems they fa ce alld survival rnstrategies at destination. rnTo acqU/ re the nccess(I ry information, a range of data gathering too!::; such as rnpurposive sampling methods, interview and in· depth inte rview, obserua lion, focus rngroup discussion and document re view had been u sed . rnFemale migration to Dessie town is mainly relateo. to to: onomic, social, and rncultural, factors that exist in rural and urban settings. The surrounding r..iral area rnof Dessie town is highly populated and aJfected by ecologica l disC/ s s uch (I S rndrought and irregular precipitation which results in p ove rty and famin e. Absence rnof owne rs hip of property, Family disintegration, intole rC/hl, ? culturalproctices s uch rnas divorce and s ocial isolation to divorced and late married Jemales, ea rly rnmarriage, wife inhe rilunce, family d ecision to marriu(7es, anci nlrai gender rninequality, caused dijJiculties the life of rural f emnles. Besidcs, better social rnfacilities, job opportunity, and s ocial network, family p e rception towards rnmigration and proximity attract the rural f emale to the town. rnAt the time of arrival Clnd the course of their stay, f cmale migrants C' nCOlll1t er rnproblems like unemployment and unde remployme nt, urban pove rty, lack of basic rnneeds and social services, prejudice and dis crimination, physica l and sex'Ual rnexploitation, vulnerability to HIV/ AIDS and other trans mitted diseas es, Thu s, to rncope up with s uch problems, they employ uarious strategies: active survival rnstrategies (partl:cipating in various jobs and job mobility, searching additional rnincome), passive survival strategies (consuming low prices food, wearinq s econd rnhand clothes and sharing food and housing, w;ing alte rnative traditional rnmedicines) and social network as a s urvival strateqies (rural linkage, sharing rnlives with male partne r, seeking aid, voluntary associCltiulI LInd cooperation).

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Causes Problems And Survival Strategies Of Selected Rural-urban Fematje Migrants In Dessie Town

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