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Enugu, Nigeria
Enugu State

Financial Reporting In Nigeria, Problem And Solution

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          The unprecedented master influx of financial reporting in the country party as a result of deregulation policies occasioned by sometimes government intervention has aroused the curiosity of writers to carry out study of this nature. This reporting apparently act as a fool for management decision. The problem does not lie on management decision per se but the financial market in general and public users as a whole.

          Thus the cord of this study is to find among other things need, avenue to get financial report, the likely, problem and their root cause eventual findings and analyses of research work, recommendations and possible solutions as regard to proper financial reporting in Nigeria

          The study follows the chronological order of first introducing the study, coupled with its evolution, objective, significance and likely problems to resolve elaborating on the scope of study and definitions of some teams used in the study.

          In the literature review of the study, the researchers try to extract the salient quality of the study.

          In carrying out the research, the researcher made used of personal interview, observation and collection of related literature in obtaining their information.

          Furthermore, analyses their finding, citing problems, their root cause, and the users of the financial reporting the regulatory bodies.

          Finally, in recognition of the obvious of the fact, the reveals as regard to the analyzed work recommendations were made and possible solutions suggested.














          This research work is approve for the department of Banking and Finance, school of financial studies, institute of management and technology, Enugu.




……………………..                                                      ……..          ……………

Mr. Ikechukwu                                                                Date

Project Supervisor


……………………..                                                      …………………..

Dr. John Orji                                                                   Date

Head of Department

Banking and Finance.


……………………….                                                   …………………..

Mr. Odike J.C                                                                 Date

Director, School of

Financial Studies.



PAGE                                                                                i        

APPROVAL PAGE                                                           ii

DEDICATION                                                                   iii

ABSTRACT                                                                      iv

ACKNOWLEGEMENT                                                     v

TABLE OF CONTENTS                                                            vi



   INTRUDUCTION                                                           1

1.2             OBJECTIVE OF FINANCIAL REPORTING                       3

1.3             SIGNIFICANT OF FINANCIAL REPORTING                    5

1.4             STATEMENT OF PROBLEM                                         6

1.5             SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY                   8

1.6             DEFINITION OF TERMS                                                8



0:       LITERATURE REVIEW                                              12

:1       QUALITIES OF FINANCIAL REPORTING                        12

2:2     RELEVANCE                                                              13

2:3     RELIABILITY                                                             14

2:4     MATERIALITY                                                          14     

2:5     COST AND BENEFITS…               ….                             16

2:6     REFERENCES                                                            17



3:0     RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY                   18

3:1     POPULATION                                                            18

3:2     INSTRUMENTS OF DATA COLLECTION                        20

3:3     RELIABILITY OF INSTRUMENTS USED                         21

3:4     METHOD OF ANALYSIS                                                              



4:0     ANALYSIS OF FINDINGS                                                   23

4:1     PROBLEM OF FINANCIAL REPORTING                     23

4:2     RELEVANCE AND USEFULLNESS                         24

4:3     RELIABILITY,                                                            27

4:4     COMPARABILITY AND CONSISTENCY…                     29

4:5     EXTERNAL ENVIROMENT REGULATION                   31

4:6     REPORTING DTANDARDS                                       33

4:7     COMPETITION                                                          35

4:8     USEDS OF FINANCIAL REPORTING                           37

4:9     AUDITORS                                                                           39

4:10   REFERENCES                                                            40



5:0     RECOMMENDATION AND SOLUTIONS …                    42

5:1     REGULATOR                                                             42

5:2     REPORTING STARNDARDS…                                    43

5:3     USERS OF FINANCIAL REPORTS                                44

5:4     PEPOLE AND MANAGEMENT                                      44

5:5     AUDITORS                                                                           45

5:6     REFERENCE BIBILOGRAPHY                                      47








          Financial reporting is principally concerned with the communication of financial Information relating directly or indirectly or indirectly to an enterprises resource, Obligations, earnings e.t.c.

          The principal reporting medium is normally financial statement financial statements are important measure of communicating for useful purpose. The usage of scare economic resources by an enterprise. As such, they need to contain all relevant information to be realized, and be reality understood by the well-informed reader.

          When different accounting treatment and disclosures are used for essentially the same transaction or when information is omitted, the chances of the information provided in the financial statements being misleading or maunders are insured. Although there may sometimes be good reasons for differences in accounting standards, principles, applications or disclosures that evolved at national level or otherwise over turn now with the introduction of MIDF and the level of public interest developing in financial reporting may be a good tome to look at our local reporting form an over all perspective.

          These issues of validity and credibility from the care of my of my topic “financial Reporting in Nigeria: problems and solution.” The objectives of my speech is to identify and define the problems in financial reporting in Nigeria at present and thereafter to offer or suggest solutions or recommendations. Thereon.

          In this regard, a brief over view of the evolution of financial reporting. Its objectives and the over all challenges facing if will be conducted.



The need for information on which to base investment credit and similar decision underlies the objective of financial reporting. If information provided is not useful for decision making, there would be no benefits form providing it to set against related costs.

The objectives issued by the U.S financial Accounting standard board (FASB) on financial reporting are as follows:

1.       Financial reporting should provide information that is useful to present and potential investors and creditors and other users in making national investment, credit and similar decisions.

2.       The information should be Comprehensive to those who have a reasonable understanding of business and economic events.

3.       Financial reporting should proved information to help present and potential investors and creditors and the other users in assessing the account, firming and ascertaining of prospective cash receipts from cash out flows of a business ability to generate sufficient cash to meet existing obligations as and when due, reinvest in the business for further growth and pay dividends to shareholders.


4.       To assist existing and potential investors in assessing.


5.       To provide information about economic resource of an enterprise claims to those resources and the effect of transactions or economic events.


6.       To provide information about how enterprises obtain an utilizes cash resources about its borrowing and repayment of borrowing.


7.       Financial reporting should provide information about how management has to use the resources of the enterprise entrusted to it by owners of the business.


8.        Finally, financial reporting should provide information that is useful to management in making decision in the interest of the business.

This seems fairly comprehensive definition to the objective of financial reporting. It of course leads us to the question of whether Nigeria financial reporting meets such objectives.


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